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Table 5 Campanian ethnopharmacological uses of Adiantum capillus-veneris L., Artemisia absinthium L. and Parietaria judaica L. in medical treatises writtten in different historical periods.

From: Extending the temporal context of ethnobotanical databases: the case study of the Campania region (southern Italy)

  Affection Part(s) of plant Preparation Occurrence in XIX-XXI century TK of Campania
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
Corpus Hippocraticum diuretic aerial part decoction  
  jaundice aerial part potion  
  to promote menses aerial part potion
  uterine affection aerial part potion  
  against leucorrhaea aerial part potion with wine  
  rectum prolapsus aerial part local application  
  to relieve partum complaints aerial part potion  
  to easy placenta expulsion aerial part potion  
  to facilitate the conception aerial part local fumigation  
Dioscorides against asthma aerial part decoction
  jaundice aerial part decoction  
  mycosis aerial part decoction  
  lithiasis and related affections aerial part decoction  
  against diarrhoea aerial part decoction  
  gynecological affections aerial part potion with wine
  emmenagogue aerial part potion with wine
  against hair losses aerial part local application, also in mixture with laudanum, hyssop and honey
  against alopaecia aerial part local application
  skin affections aerial part local application
Pliny affections of the liver and spleen aerial part decoction  
  against asthma aerial part decoction  
  against excoriations of infants aerial part liniment combined with rose-oil, local application  
  against head-ache aerial part local application  
  antidote to the venom of serpents and spiders aerial part local application  
  anti-hæmorrhagic aerial part potion with vinegar  
  calculi of the bladder aerial part potion  
  diuretic aerial part potion with wine  
  expulsion of after-birth, emmenagogue aerial part potion
  looseness of the bowels aerial part decoction in wine  
  skin affections aerial part local application
  strangury and affections of the kidneys aerial part liniment, local application  
Pseudo Apuleius abdominal pain leaves wine potion with coriander and pepper seeds
Petagna respiratory system affections aerial part infusion, sirup
Artemisia absinthium L.
Corpus Hippocraticum against sterility aerial part not described  
  emmenagogue aerial part local application, macerated in white wine  
  jaundice aerial part not described  
  opistotonus (neck rigidity) aerial part not described  
  post partum affections aerial part infusion  
  uterine affections aerial part local application  
Dioscorides against animal bites or poisonous plants aerial part wine potion  
  against mosquito bites aerial part poultice mixed with oil  
  dropsy and spleen pains aerial part poultice with Cyprus ointment  
  ear and tooth pains aerial part decoction  
  eye affections aerial part local application: the plant mixed with oil or honey  
  jaundice, inappetence aerial part decoction  
  sore throat aerial part ointment with figs soda and rye-grass flour  
  stomach and visceral pains aerial part poultice (topic application) or potion  
  tonic aerial part wine potion  
Pliny antidote to animal and plant poisons aerial part potion with vinegar or wine  
  antihelmintic aerial part potion of the extracted juice
  diuretic aerial part potion with gallic nard  
  ear affections aerial part decoction, local application or liniment of the plant bruised with honey
  emmenagogue aerial part taken with honey or employed as a pessary  
  eye affections aerial part local application, with raisin wine or honey  
  jaundice aerial part eaten raw, with parsley or adiantum  
  liver complaints aerial part potion with gallic nard
  iliac regions affection aerial part plaster with Cyprian wax or figs  
  purgative seeds potion with sea water and honey  
  sea sickness aerial part potion drunken as a preventive  
  skin affections aerial part water infusion  
  spleen diseases aerial part potion with vinegar and figs  
  stomach affections aerial part decoction, or raw with rue, pepper, and salt  
  to dispel nausea and flatulency aerial part potion with the addition of sile, gallic narde and a little vinegar  
  tonic aerial part decoction
  wounds aerial part local application
Pseudo Apuleius not reported ---- --------  
Petagna hypochondria, hysteria leaves extract through the soap
  To stimulate liver function leaves extract through the soap
  against malaria ---- 1/2 spoon of juice of the plant with clove in wine
  against scurvy leaves infusion  
  against dropsy leaves infusion  
  antihelmintic leaves 1 spoon of essence
  headache   Powdered leaves mixed with sugar, or infusion of diluted wine  
  eyes inflammation   powder of leaves mixed with sugar, or infusion of diluted wine
  edemata leaves fresh leaves  
  gangrene leaves boiled in the sea water  
Parietaria judaica L.
Corpus Hippocraticum abortive leaves potion  
Dioscorides skin affection leaves local application
  glandular inflammation leaves local application  
  oedema leaves local application  
  ulcerations leaves juice and white lead ointment  
  sore throat leaves ointment or juice gargle  
  earache leaves ointment with rose oil  
  cough leaves juice  
Pliny for suppurated abscesses leaves the juice taken warm  
  to cure convulsions leaves the juice taken warm  
  to cure ruptures, bruises leaves the juice taken warm
Pseudo Apuleius gout aerial part decoction mixed with pork fat and applied on foots or knee  
Petagna emollient leaves juice, decoction with bearberry  
  resolvent leaves juice, decoction with bearberry
  diuretic leaves juice, decoction with bearberry
  1. The black dots indicate the same medicinal aims use while the white dots similar use.