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Table 7 Propagation, regeneration and management practices of Blighia sapida in Benin

From: Uses, traditional management, perception of variation and preferences in ackee (Blighia sapida K.D. Koenig) fruit traits in Benin: implications for domestication and conservation

Practice Reason/function Implementation
Propagation and regeneration practices Assisted tree regeneration Favour natural regeneration Young plants are staked to be easily visible and protected from tillage, grazing and fire
  Transplanting of wildings Use of naturally regenerated seedlings and saplings Seedlings and saplings are removed and replanted in an appropriate area and given essential care
  Sowing Multiply the best provenance with the preferred fruits traits Seeds from the most vigorous or best fruit yielding trees are selected and put together. After germination during the rainy season, they are transplanted in an appropriate location to receive care
Management practices to improve production Ringing Stimulate fruit production A shallow 10 cm-wide ring of bark is cut from the trunk at breast height just before flowering
  Grazing protection Avoid destruction of seedlings and saplings by domestic animals Establish fence of cacti or rocks around the seedlings and saplings
  Tree/crop association Diversification, soil protection, shadow for cultures, creation of microclimate favourable for crops To leave naturally growing or planted ackee trees in farmland and to plant crops such as millet, sorghum. maize, yam in the same field
  Pruning Improved fruit production, reduction of shade on understorey crops, firewood Cutting back certain branches
  Fire protection Avoid fire damages to trees that affect fruit yield and destroy seedlings and saplings Tillage, weeding and clearing around the seedlings, saplings and trees
  Mulching/organic fertilization Rapid growth of seedlings and saplings and increasing fruit production Leaf mulch, animal manure, compost and crop residues near the root and sprinkling with water