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Table 1 Limbless squamate species referred to as dangerous to human beings according to the 74 dwellers of Pedra Branca village, Bahia State, Brazil.

From: 'Offensive' snakes: cultural beliefs and practices related to snakebites in a Brazilian rural settlement

Species recorded Local names (Portuguese and English) N° of citation Is it poisonous?
    Yes No
Amphisbaenidae     
Amphisbaena sp. Cobra-de-duas-cabeças, cobra-cega
Two-headed snakes, worm lizard
12 83,3 16,7
Boidae     
Boa constrictor constrictor (Linnaeus, 1758) Jibóia
Boa
7   100
Viperidae     
Lachesis muta (Linnaeus, 1766) Surucucu-pico-de-jaca, surucuru-malha-de-fogo
Bushmaster, whitetail lancehead
45 100  
Bothrops leucurus (Wagler, 1824) Jararaca-malha-de-sapo, jararaca-quatro-ventas
Whitetail lancehead
41 100  
Crotalus durissus cascavella (Wagler, 1824) Cascavel
Rattlesnake
40 100  
Bothrops leucurus (Wagler, 1824) Jararaca-cabo-branco
Whitetail lancehead
31 100  
Bothriopsis bilineata bilineata (Wied, 1825) Surucucu-de-pindoba, pingo-de-ouro
Two-striped forest pitviper
8 100  
Colubridae     
Boiruna sertaneja Zaher, 1996 Buiúna
Black snake
35 43 57
Drymarchon corais (Boié, 1827) Papa-pinto
Índigo snake
25 60 40
Chironius sp., Leptophis sp., Philodryas sp., Oxybelis aeneus (Wagler, 1824) Cobra-espada
Parrot snake, rain frog snake
25 8 92
Chironius sp., Leptophis sp., Philodryas sp., Oxybelis aeneus (Wagler, 1824) Cobra-de-cipó
Rain frog snake, parrot snake
24 4,2 95,8
Oxyrhopus trigeminus Dúmeril, Bibron and Duméril, 1854 Cobra-coral
False coral snake
22 100  
Micrurus sp. Cobra-coral
True coral snake
   
Spilotes pullatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Cainana
Tiger rat snake
19 10,5 89,5
Helicops sp., Liophis sp. Cobra-d'água
Water snake
10 20 80
Waglerophis merremii (Wagler, 1824) Esparradeira, jararaca-esparra
Flat snake
5 80 20
Bothrops sp. Jaracuçu
Viper
5 20 80
Liophis viridis Günther, 1862, Philodryas olfersii (Lichtenstein, 1823) Cobra-verde
Green snake
4   100
Tantilla melanocephala (Linnaeus, 1758) Correia-de-veado
Black-headed snake
2   100
Mastigodryas bifossatus (Raddi, 1820) Malha-de-traíra
Racer snake
2   100
Tantilla melanocephala (Linnaeus, 1758)
Pseudoboa nigra (Duméril, Bibron and Duméril, 1854)
Cobra-cinco-horas, cobra-seis-horas
Black-headed snake
False boa
2   100
Liophis sp., Thamnodynastes sp. Jaracaquinha
Striped swamp snake
1   100
Sibynomorphus neuwiedii (Ihering, 1910) Dormideira
Neuwied's tree snake
4