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Table 4 Ethnoveterinary plants used by dromedary camel healers in the Suleiman Mountainous Region in Pakistan

From: Ethnoveterinary treatments by dromedary camel herders in the Suleiman Mountainous Region in Pakistan: an observation and questionnaire study

Botanical name

Local name

Part of plant used

Preparation, dose etc

Eruca sativa




Oil of the seed

The oil is applied on the affected area

Daphne gnidium [Thymelaeaceae]


Leaves and twigs

The leaves and twigs are crushed, kept in a bowl over night in open, and pasted on the affected area

Capparis aphylla Hayne ex Roth. [Capparaceae]


Leaves and twigs

Applied on the affected area

Artemisia maritima L. ex Hook [Asteraceae]


Upper parts of the plant

500 g is boiled in one liter of water and given orally.

Rhazya stricta Decne. [Apocyanaceae]



Roots are burned and the ash is poured in the wound to kill maggots. The dose depends upon the depth of the wound

Acacia modesta Wall.




The spines are inserted in the wound

Pinus gerardiana Wall. Ex D. Don [Pinaceae]


Wood oil

The logs of the tree are burned in a clavin-like muddy structure and the oil is collected and applied on the affected area. The dose depends on the size of the affected area.

Whitania coagulans (Stocks) Dunal [Solanaceae]



The fruits (250 g) of the plants are dissolved in water and offered in the morning for trypanosomiasis.