Skip to main content

Table 2 Gathering and preparation of the 24 most frequently listed wild food species*

From: Organic farmers use of wild food plants and fungi in a hilly area in Styria (Austria)

Species Local names Gathered part Preparation Freq of gathering Cult Habitat Distance Season
Cantharellus cibarius Eierschwammerl, Recherl fungus egg, gul, sce, sou, ric gFF W woo gCC, gC spr, sum
Boletus edulis Steinpilz, Herrenpilz fungus sou, sce, egg, gul, ric, bre gFF W woo gCC, gC, gA sum
Rubus subgenus Rubus spp. Brombeer fruit raw, mar, mil gF C woo, mea, edgwoo gCC, gC sum, fall
Macrolepiota procera Parasol fungus bre, fri gFF W woo gCC, gC sum
Fragaria vesca Walderdbeer fruit raw, mar, mil gF W woo, mea, edgwoo gCC, gC spr, sum
Russula sp. Täubling fungus fri gF W woo gCC, gC sum
Rubus idaeus Himbeer fruit raw, mar, mil gF C woo, mea, edgwoo gCC, gC, gA sum, fall
Urtica dioica Brennnessel leaf spn, sal, sou gF W mea gCC spr, sum,fall
Taraxacum sp. Löwenzahn leaf sal gF W mea gCC spr
Vaccinium myrtillus Schwarzbeer, Heidelbeer fruit raw, mar, swe gF C woo, edgwoo gCC, gA sum, fall
Castanea sativa Kastanie, Maroni fruit fri, coo, swe gF C woo, edgwoo gCC, gC fall
Taraxacum sp. Löwenzahn flower hon gRA W mea gCC spr, sum
Bellis perennis Gänseblümchen leaf, flower sal gRA W mea gCC spr, sum
Lactarius sect. Deliciosi Milchling fungus fri gRA W woo gCC sum
Sambucus nigra Holunder, Holler flower bak gRA C woo, mea, edgwoo gCC, gC spr, sum
Sambucus nigra Holunder, Holler fructus hko gRA W mea, edgwoo gCC, gC sum, fall
Juglans regia Walnuss, Nuss fructus raw gRA C mea gCC, gC sum, fall
Plantago lanceolata Spitzwegerich leaf sou gRA W mea gCC spr, sum
Rumex sp. Sauerampfer leaf sal, sou gRA W mea gCC spr
Thymus sp. Quendel flower, leaf con gRA C mea gCC sum
Allium ursinum Bärlauch leaf sou, sce, con gRA C mea gCC spr
Prunus avium subsp. avium Vogelkirsche fruit raw gRA W woo, mea, edgwoo gCC, gC spr, sum
Glechoma hederacea Gundelrebe leaf egg, sou gRA W mea gCC spr, sum,fall
Amanita rubescens Perlpilz fungus bre, sce gRA W woo gC sum
  1. *n = 15 for the variables: Gathered part, Preparation; n = 10 for the variables: Freq of gathering, Cultivation, Habitat, Distance, Season; Coding of variables: Preparation: ways of preparation or use: sou = soup, sce = sauce, con = condiment, bre = breaded, fri = fried, sal = salad, raw = raw, egg = with eggs, ric = with rice, mil = with milk (products), mar = marmalade, coo: cooked, spi: spinach, hon: löwenzahnhonig, bak: gebackene hollerblüten, hko: hollerkoch; Freq of gathering: frequency of gathering: plant species gathered by gRA = < 33%, gF = 33%-66%, gFF = > 66% each of all informants; Cult: cultivation of plants: C = also cultivated, W = gathered from wild only; Habitat: woo = wood, mea = meadow, edgwoo = edge of the wood; Distance: distance from farm: plant species gathered in gCC = < 0,2 kilometers, gC = 0,2-5 kilometers, gA = > 5 kilometers distance; Season: time of the year: spr = spring, sum = summer, fall = fall;