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Table 9 Medicinal plants known by the children of the 5th and 6th grade of the elementary school

From: Asháninka medicinal plants: a case study from the native community of Bajo Quimiriki, Junín, Peru

  Vernacular name Scientific name Family Use Preparation*
  Pusanga To attract the other sex
Chupa sangre Hamelia patens Rubiaceae Wounds, colics
  Cuatro esquinas Browses
❧✦ Verbena Verbena sp. Verbenaceae Malaria
❧✦ Matico Piper aduncum, Piper sp. Piperaceae Wounds, fever Bw
Amargón Hebeclinum macrophyllum Asteraceae Colics, diarrhoea Bw, Bd
Suelda suelda Cissus gongylodes, Commelina sp. Vitaceae Bone pain Em
Paico Chenopodium ambrosoides Chenopodiaceae Belly/Stomach ache, colics, diarrhoea
  Oja de Murcielago Munnozia hastifolia Asteraceae Ovary inflammation, belly ache Bd
Llantén Plantago major Plantaginaceae Ovary inflammation, belly ache
❧✦ Sangre de grado Croton lechleri Euphorbiaceae Wounds Lx
  Sachahuasca Kidney-complaints Bd
  Uña de gato Uncaria guianensis Uncaria tomentosa Rubiaceae Wounds, kidney-complaints Bd
❧✦ Pan de arbol Artocarpus altilis Moraceae Hernia Lx
  Huampo Blanco Heliocarpus americanus Tiliaceae To purify the body Bd
❧✦ Platano Musa paradisiaca Musaceae Wounds, haemorrhage Sa
❧✦ Pepa de palta Persea americana Lauraceae Diarrhoea Cbd
  'Okilia' Eye infection Cs
❧✦ Achiote Bixa orellana Bixaceae 'Susto', eye infection
'Porokishi' Vernonia sp. Asteraceae Wounds
❧✦ Tabaco Nicotiana sp. Solanaceae 'Susto', sorcery, used by curanderos
❧✦ Piñon Jatropha curcas Euphorbiaceae Parasites
❧✦ Guajaba Psidium guajava Myrtaceae Diarrhoea, stomach ache Bd
Chanca piedra Phyllanthus niruri Phyllanthus orbiculatus Euphorbiaceae Wounds, malaria
Lengua de perro Chaptalia nutans, Asplenium serratum Asteraceae Stomach ache, ovary inflammation
Cola de caballo Xiphidium caeruleum Haemodoraceae 'Mal aire', sorcery, to enhance hair growth St, Bw
Pajaro bobo Tessaria integrifolia Asteraceae Head ache
  ❧: cultivated in homegardens
  ✦: grows wild in homegardens
  *Bw: boil and wash with the decoction; Bd: boil and drink the decoction; Em: emplast; Lx: apply the fresh latex on the wound; Sa: apply sap on the wound; Cbd: crush the seed, boil and drink; Cs:crush and squeeze into the eye; St: steam bath