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Table 1 Plants used by Orang Asli in Kampung Bawong, Perak of West Malaysia

From: Ethnomedical survey of plants used by the Orang Asli in Kampung Bawong, Perak, West Malaysia

Botanical Family Botanical name Local Malay Dialect Part Used Medicinal Uses
Acanthaceae Barleria lupulina Lindl Penawar Seribu Bisa Leaves Fresh leaves are used to remove warts
  Barleria prionitis Linn. Hempedu landak Leaves Leaves are crushed and make into paste and applied over the inflamed area
  Dipteracanthus repens (L.) Hassk. Deras malam Leaves Powder of dried leaves is mixed in warm water and drink to remove kidney stones
  Eranthemum borneense Hook f. Sangsangkaruk Leaves Paste of leaves is applied to treat muscle cramps
  Strobilanthes crispus Blume. Bayam karang Leaves Fresh leaves are masticated and swallowed as such to enhance the immune system
Annonaceae Annona muricata Linn. Durian Makkah Leaves Leaves are used to treat to kill all types of lice
    Fruits Fruit juice is used to treat Stomach pain and hypertension
  Uvaria sorsogonensis C.Presl. Segombong Leaves Decoction of the leaves is used to cure stomach ulcer
Araliaceae Arthrophyllum diversifolium Blume. Ondolus Roots Roots are boiled with water and drink to relieve body pain
Asteraceae Eupatorium odoratum Linn. Pokok kapalterbang Leaves Decoction of leaves is used as diuretic
Asclepiadaceae Hoya coronaria Blume. Takop Leaves Crushed leaves are applied to cure cuts and wounds
Bombacaceae Bombax ceiba Linn. Kapok Leaves Leaves are soaked into water and the decoction is taken for bath to treat body pain
Caesalpiniaceae Caesalpinia crista Linn. Gorek Seeds Seeds are crushed and mixed with sambal for appetite
Caprifoliaceae Sambucus javanica Reinw. ex Blume Kerak nasi Leaves Crushed the leaves with water and applied on inflamed parts to reduce pain and inflammation
Clusiaceae Garcinia mangostana Linn. Mangusta Fruit Fresh juice is used as nutrient drink
    Pericarp Dried powder is used to heal the open wounds
Compositae Artemisia argyi Levi. et Vant. Ulam mak wan Leaves Fresh leaves are chewed in case of cough
  Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr. Daun dewa Leaves Fresh leaves are used for to control blood glucose level
Connaraceae Agelaea macrophylla (Zoll.) Leenh. Akar pinang kutai Leaves The paste of leaves is used to treat acne
  Cnestis platantha Griff. Binsangut Leaves Young leaves are warmed and applied to treat high fever
Euphorbiaceae Croton caudatus Geisel Tapasan komudi Roots Roots are boiled and the infusion is used as Nutrition.
  Euphorbia tirucalli Linn. Mentulang Latex Latex is used to remove warts
  Jatropha curcas Linn. Jarak Belanda Leaves Paste of young leaf is applied to treat cuts and wounds
    Roots Roots are boiled and infusion is taken to treat diarrhea
  Phyllanthus niruri Linn. Dukung Anak Whole plant Decoction of whole plant is used to treat jaundice
Fabaceae Parkia speciosa Hassk. Petai Seeds Fresh seeds are cooked and used to treat kidney disorders
Gnetaceae Gnetum leptostachyum Blume. Langod-langod Whole plant The plant was boiled in water and drink for relieve fever and flu
Lauraceae Cassytha filiformis Linn. Cemara Puteri Whole Plant Concoction used for the treatment of impotency
Leguminosae Archidendron ellipticum Blume. Bulinat Leaves Leaves are used to kill lice
  Bauhinia semibifida Roxb. Daup-daup Roots Roots are boiled and the infusion is used to treat fatigue
  Peltophorum pterocarpum (DC) K. Heyne Cugah Barks Powdered barks are applied on the affected area to treat psoriasis
  Pongammia pinnata Linn. Kacang kayu laut Leaves and Seeds Fresh leaves and seeds are crushed and applied to repel insects
    Barks Decoction of barks is used to kill intestinal worms
Loranthaceae Dendrophoetoe constricta Dans. Salidan Leaves Paste of leaves is applied to treat headache
Malvaceae Abutilon indicum Linn. Kembang Lohor Leaves Poultice in the treatment of fever
  Hibiscus rosa sinensis Linn. Bunga Raya Root barks Root barks is soaked in water for overnight and taken in empty stomach to treat ulcer
  Hibiscus tiliaceus Linn. Daun baru Barks Dried powder is used to cure all types of sexually transmitted diseases
Meliaceae Aglaia odorata Lour. Pacar cina Flowers An infusion is used to reduce fever
  Trichilia trijuga Roxb Kayu kaling Barks Fresh barks are crushed and the juice is applied to cure cuts and wounds
Menispermaceae Tinospora crispa Linn. Pokok patawali Stem Decoction of the stem is used to treat diabetes
Myrsinaceae Ardisia colorata Roxb. Pacar inai Leaves Decoction of the leaves is used to cure viral infections such as herpes zoster, measles
  Ardisia crenata Sims. Mata Ayam Whole Plant The crushed juice is used to treat earaches and fever
Myrtaceae Syzygium cerina Hend. Bagu Roots Roots are boiled with water and drink as an energizer
  Syzygium samarangenese Blume. Red Jambu Leaves Leaves are used to treat skin infections
Oleaceae Jasminum sambac (L.) Ait Kampupot Leaves Young leaves are soaked in cold water and drink to treat gallstones
    Roots Roots are boiled and the infusion is taken to treat diabetes mellitus
Oxalidaceae Averrhoa bilimbi Linn. Tulod-ulod Leaves A cocktail of the leaves along with the fruit is used to treat Syphilis
Orchidaceae Bulbophyllum mutabile (Bl.) Lindl Tatau Leaves Leaves are boiled and the decoction is used to treat fever
Poaeceae Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. Lalang Whole plant Dried powdered plant is applied over the wounds to prevent microbial infections
Portulacaceae Talinum triangulare (Jacq.) Willd. Akar singsum Flowers Powder of dried flowers is mixed with tea and drink to treat asthma
Rubiaceae Morinda citrifolia Linn. Bingkudu Fruits Fruits juice is used to treat Jaundice
  Oldenlandia diffusa (Willd.) Roxb. Siku-siku Leaves Juice of fresh leaves is used as Sedative
Ruscaceae Sansevieria trifasciatai Prain. Snake plant Leaves 2 or 3 drops of fresh juice is instilled into ear to reduce pain and inflammation
Sapotaceae Planchonella obovata (R. Br.) Pierre Gombirat Leaves A paste of the leaves is applied on the forehead to relieve headache
Schizaeaceae Lygodium circinnatum Burm. Ribu-ribu Leaves Infusion of leaves is used to cure eye infection
Simaroubaceae Eurycoma longifolia Jack. Tongkat ali Roots Decoction of roots with tea is used as sexual stimulant
Solanaceae Solanum nigrum Linn Terong meranti Fruits and Leaves Fruits and leaves are chewed to treat upper respiratory tract infections
Umbeliferae Centella asiatica Linn. Pegaga Leaves Leaves are boiled and the infusion is used for mother who just give birth
Verbenaceae Lantana camara Linn. Bunga Tahi Ayam Leaves Leaves are boiled with water and spray to repel insects
  Stachytarpheta jamaicensis Linn. Vahl. Bunga malam Whole plant The whole plant was crushed with water and applied on the injured ligament to relieve the pain and inflammation
Zingiberaceae Curcuma petiolata Roxb. Temu Puteri Rhizomes Juice is used to cure stomach ache
  Languas conchigera Burkill Lengkuas Kecil Rhizomes Minced rhizomes are used for digestion
  Kaempferia galanga Linn. Cekur Rhizomes Juice of the rhizomes is used for the treatment of stomach pains and coughs
  Zingiber ottensii Valeton Kunyit Terus Hitam Rhizomes The juice of the rhizomes is used to cure all types of bacterial infections