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Table 5 Results of interviews performed with artisanal fishers1

From: Ethnobiology of snappers (Lutjanidae): target species and suggestions for management

Fishers and Questions BertiogaaSE Brazil N = 15 CopacabanabSE Brazil N = 13 Paraty SE Brazil (Praia Grande and Ilha do Araújo) N = 15 Porto Sauípe NE Brazil N = 14 Riacho Docec, Maceió NE Brazil N = 13 Total N = 70
Fishers interviewed:       Range
Average Age 50 49 46 60 40 40-60
Minimum Age 24 25 28 38 27 24-38
Maximum Age 80 74 63 73 61 61-80
Average Time fishing 32 28 35 48 22 22-48
Minimum Time fishing 10 12 24 29 11 10-29
Maximum Time fishing 50 55 60 65 50 50-65
Average Local Residence Time 27 35 45 59 40 27-59
Minimum Local Residence Time 13 10 28 38 27 10-38
Maximum Local Residence Time 66 62 63 73 61 61-73
What do snappers eat?       
Fish 5 1 3 11 7 27
Sardines (Clupeidae) 2 3 9 5 8 27
Manjuba (Engraulidae) 1 6 2 1   10
Other fish    Paraty:1 Mackerel: 1 Agullha: 1 Carapau: 4 Mackerel:1 Saramunete: 1 9
Caranguejo/siri (Crabs) (caranguejo/siri) 1/    5/1 /1 6/2
Shrimp 6 8 14 5 2 35
Lobster     1   1
Other crustacea 1 2     3
Marisco (mussels) 3 4   4   7
Squid/Octopus   4/ 2/ 4/2 1/1 10/3
Other mollusc 2      2
Algae 4      4
Where do snappers live?       
Rocky substrate 11 11 12 13 13 60
Cascalho (gravel) 1 4 1    6
Beaches   1 /3    1/4
Coast   1     1
Corals   1   1 1  
Deep water 3    2   
When do snappers are mature/spawn?       
Does not know 11 7 7 3 8 36
Autumn       0
Winter   2 1   1 4
Spring 3   1 10d   14
Summer 2 1 5 1 3 12
All year round    1   1 2
  1. 1Sites: Bertioga, Copacabana, Paraty, Riacho Doce, Maceio and Porto Sauípe, Bahia, Brazil. For this study, we considered fishers with fishing experience and local residence of about 10 years.
  2. a9 interviews excluded from our sample, b5 interviews fishers excluded, c2 interviews excluded (fishers with less that 10 years of fishing or local residence)
  3. dTo get a more detailed of answers in Porto do Sauípe, Bahia, 5 fishers explained gonads were mature by August, and that after September-October snappers spawn (11 fishers).