Skip to main content

Table 1 Kry medicinal plants used in women's healtcare

From: Traditions and plant use during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum recovery by the Kry ethnic group in Lao PDR

Scientific name Lao name Kry name Vouchers Part used Preparation Medicinal use
Ageratum conyzoides L. Asteraceae Nga Kiou Peuale Hoey; Peuale Kiou VL 1445; VL 1571; VL 1758; VL 1842; Kool 501; Kool 518; Kool 634; Kool 653 Roots Decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st phase: Perineal healing; Retraction of the uterus
Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd. Zingiberaceae Kha Prorbe, Prai VL1748; VL 1383; VL 1776; VL 1854 Rhizome; Leaves; Pseudostems Roast-Eat; Decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st phase; Postpartum diet; Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phase: Anaemia (dizziness, headache); Mild puerperal fever; Lactagogue
Amaranthus spinosa L. Amarantaceae Hom Nam Kouad Pri VL 2148 Roots Cold-infusion-drink Postpartum varicella
Amomum microcarpum C.F. Liang & D. Fang Zingiberaceae Makneng Kham Pray Makneng Didi VL 1371; VL 1763; VL 1828; VL 2039; Kool 503; ELLA 13; ELLA 16 Leaves; Pseudostems Decoction-wash Infant fever, reduces temperature
Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Moraceae Mak Mi Mak Mi VL 2125; Kool 472; ELLA 50 Powdered Bark; Leaves Cold apply; Decoction-drink Neonatal navel healing; Lactagogue
Barringtonia longipes Gagnep. Lecythidaceae Nomngan Nomngan VL 1485; VL 1757 Leaves Roast-warm poultice or massage Lactagogue; Painful or hard breasts; Improve flow of milk
Bischofia javanica Blume Euphorbiaceae Somphat Jalangdeum; Kreuale Somphat VL 1752; VL 2043 Leaves Roast-poultice or massage; Crush-cover or poultice Lactagogue; Painful or hard breasts; Improve flow of milk; Neonatal navel healing
Blumea balsamifera (L.) DC. Asteraceae Nad Tring VL1751; VL 1824; Kool 614; ELLA 49; ELLA 57; ELLA 78 Leaves; Stems Decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phase; Perineal healing; Retraction of the uterus; Miscarriage recovery
Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub. Fabaceae Kheua Sai Xang Ksi Sai Xang VL 2133 Leaves Cold infusion-drink Infant diarrhoea
Calamus rudentum Lour. Arecaceae Boun Ksi Pieule VL 1756; Kool 668 Shoots Roast-eat Postartum recovery 1st phase; Postpartum diet; Lactagogue
Callicarpa arborea Roxb. Verbenaceae Kapha Kapha VL 2036 Sapwood; Innerbark Roast-decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phase; Expel lochia; Postpartum abdominal pain; Perineal healing; Retraction of the uterus
Castanopsis indica (Lindl.) A.DC. Fagaceae Ko Nam Kreuale Ko VL 1468 Leaves Roast-decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phase: Postpartum secondary haemorrhage; Perineal healing; Retraction of the uterus
Catunaregam spathulifolia Tirv. Rubiaceae Maksak; Mak NamKhak Makkhak VL 1340; VL 1463; VL 1514; VL 1552 Stems; Sapwood Roast-decoction-drink; Cold-infusion-drink Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phase: Expel lochia; Perineal healing; Retraction of the uterus; Abdominal pain; Varicella
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. Apiaceae Pak Nok Kouad Tchoknok VL 1817; VL 1393; Kool 523; Kool 553 Whole plant Crush-poultice Infant high fever, reduces temperature
Choerospondias axillaris (Roxb.) B.L.Burtt & A.W.Hill Anacardiaceae Mak Meua Mak Meua VL 2039; VL 1770a Inner bark; Stems Roast-decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st phase: Expel lochia; Perineal healing; Retraction of the uterus; Postpartum secondary haemorrhage; Postpartum recovery 2nd phase: Anaemia (dizziness, headache); Mild puerperal fever
Chromolaena odorata (L.) R. King & H.Robinson Asteraceae Nga Frang Peuale Ngeuraman VL 1787; Kool 540; Kool 632; Kool 648 Roots Decoction-drink Premenstruation pain; Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phase: Perineal healing; Retraction of the uterus; Expel lochia
Cissus repens Lam. Vitaceae En On Ksi En On VL 1843; VL 1346; VL 1484; VL 1564 Twigs; Leaves Roast-warm poultice or massage Infant is late to learn walking
Diospyros apiculata Hiern Ebenaceae Kheuateuan Kheuateuan VL 1465; VL 1536 Ripe fruits Fresh-eat Abortifacient
Dracaena angustifolia (Medik.) Roxb. Agavaceae Khonkhen Pong Khonkhen VL 1449; VL 1535 Leaves Boil-steamsauna Postpartum recovery 2nd phase: Restorative/aperative; Puerperal fever; Physical recovery
Embelia ribes Burn. Myrsinaceae Kheua Leuat Ksi Leuad VL 1739; VL 2035; Kool 500 Stems; Roots Decoction-drink; Roast-decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st phase: Abdominal pain, Expel lochia; Postpartum recovery 2nd phase: Postpartum bleeding; Perineal healing; Retraction of the uterus; Physical recovery
Ficus hispida L.f. Moraceae Deuapong Keuale Deuapong VL 1810; VL 1548; VL 1821; Kool 511 Stems Cold-infusion-drink; cold-infusion-wash Neonatal rash after high fever
Glochidion eriocarpum Champ. Euphorbiaceae Kambosouk Kreuale Kambosouk VL 1779; VL 1404; Kool 469 Roots; Twigs; Leaves Decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phases: Anaemia (dizziness, headache); Mild puerperal fever; Abdominal pain
Gonocaryum lobbianum (Miers) Kurz Icacinaceae Kanleuang Sengmouang VL 1396; VL 1424; VL 1516; Kool 470 Twigs; Leaves Roast-warm poutice or massage Lactagogue; Painful or hard breasts; Improve flow of milk
Hedychium sp. Zingiberaceae Sayheuan Langyang VL 1745; VL 1829; VL 2031; Kool 506 Rhizome; Shoots Decoction-drink; Fresh crush-drop in mouth of infant Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phases: Anaemia (dizziness, headache); Mild puerperal fever; Lactagogue; Infant oral candida; Infant fever
Houttuynia cordata Thund. Saururaceae Khaothong Kouad Khaothong VL 1381 Whole plant Crush-poultice Infant fever, reduces temperature
Lagerstroemia calyculata Kurz Lythraceae Lan, Peuay Ka Rong Prou VL 1809; Kool 547; Kool 679 Innerbark Roast-decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phases: Expel lochia; Perineal healing; Retraction of the uterus
Macaranga denticulata (Blume) Müll.Arg. Euphorbiaceae Po Houxang Ta Yuathoh VL 1754; VL 1553 Stems; Wood Decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 2nd phase: Postpartum emmenagogue; Postpartum first menstruation (3rd phase)
Maesa spp. Myrsinaceae Deuan Deuan VL 1861; VL 1869; VL 2041 Kool 543; Kool 842 Leaves; Stems Roast-cold infusion-drink; Roast-decoction-drink Infant diarrhoea; Infant fever
Mallotus barbatus Müll.Arg. Euphorbiaceae Po Hou Tchirang Tua Yua VL 2049 Roots Roast-decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phase: Postpartum abdominal pain, Postpartum secondary haemorrhage; Infant sprue
Musa acuminata Colla Musaceae Mak Pi, Pi Kouay Makpi; Ta Lou Ma La VL 1755 Inflorescences; Young pseudostems Roast-eat; Soup-eat Pospartum recovery 1st phase: Postpartum diet; Lactagogue; Pregancy diet for easy delivery
Neonauclea purpurea (Roxb.) Merr. Rubiaceae Saco Tako VL 1750; VL 1782; VL 1832 Leaves; Bark Roast-decoction-drink Infant fever, reduces temperature; Infant diarrhoea
Phoebe lanceolata (Nees) Nees Lauraceae Phayven Kreul Phaiven VL 1353; VL 1511; Kool 538; Kool 619 Leaves Warm poutice; Massage Lactagogue: Painful or hard breasts; Improve flow of milk
Polyalthia cerasoides Benth. & Hook. Annonaceae Namtaonoi Namtaonoi VL 1504; Kool 513; Kool 575 Stems Decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phase: Anaemia (dizziness, headache); Mild puerperal fever
Psidium guajava L. Myrtaceae Mak Sida Sida VL 1344 Shoots; Leaves Cold infusion-drink Infant diarrhoea
Psychotria sarmentosa Blume Rubiaceae Vanchod Kreuale Vanchod VL 1762; VL 1332; VL 1500; VL 1737; VL 1820; VL 1860; VL 2045; Kool 468 Roots; Stems Roast-decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phase: Physical recovery; Lactagogue; Perineal healing; Retraction of the uterus
Rhapis laosensis Becc. Arecaceae Sane Koile Jule VL 1439; VL 1481; Kool 571 Roots; Stems Roast-decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st phase: Anaemia (dizziness, headache), Puerperal fever, Blood loss, Weakness; Expel lochia; Miscarriage recovery: Miscarriage bleeding
Rubus cochinchinensis Tratt. Rosaceae Katoum Deng Ksi Katoun Noi VL 1744; VL 1373; VL 1494; VL 1803; Kool 574 Roots Roast-decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phase: Anaemia (dizziness, headache); Mild puerperal fever
Rubus tonkinensis F.Bolle Rosaceae Katoum Khao Katoum Nhai Kool 552; Kool 631 Roots Roast-decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phase: Anaemia (dizziness, headache); Mild puerperal fever
Smilax glabra Wall. ex Roxb. Smilacaceae Ya Houa Ya Houa Kool 550; Kool 774; Kool 782; Kool 824 Tuber Roast-decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phase: Anaemia (dizziness, headache); Mild puerperal fever
Syzygium antisepticum (Blume) Merr. & L.M.Perry Myrtaceae Samek Kouad Khamek VL 1376; VL 1768 Innerbark Roast-decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phase: Puerperal fever, Anaemia, Blood loss, Weakness
Tacca chantrieri André Taccaceae Phiaphane Toui VL 1738; VL 1786; VL 1822; VL 1859; VL 2033; VL 2046; Kool 505 Whole plant Decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st phase: Postpartum secondary bleeding; Perineal healing, Retraction of the uterus; Expel lochia; Abdominal pain
Tamarindus indicus L. Fabaceae Mak Kham Kham VL 2126 Stems; Leaves Steambath; Decoction-wash Postpartum recovery 2nd phase: Varicella, Mild puerperal fever; Neonatal rash after high fever
Tetracera scandens (L.) Merr. Dilleniaceae Sandin Ksi Borlor VL 2048; VL 1408 Roots Roast-decoction-drink; Fresh- chew Postpartum recovery 1st phase: Postpartum secondary haemorrhage, Aperative; Infant oral candida
Trevesia palmata (Lindl.) Vis. Araliaceae Tang Kreuale Tang VL 2032; VL 1740; VL 1835 Stems; Roots Roast-decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phase: Perineal healing, Retraction of the uterus; Expel lochia; Abdominal pain; Physical recovery; Lactagogue
Uncaria macrophylla Wall. Rubiaceae Kho Bet Ksi Kho Bet VL 1795; VL 1875 Stems; Leaves Decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st phase: Postpartum apertive
Zea mays L. Poaceae Sali Sali Cultivated Corn Roast-decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st phase: Delivery abdominal pain; Expel lochia
Zingiber officinale Roscoe Zingiberaceae Kingdeng, Pidin Tai Sheure VL 1827 Leaves Decoction-drink; Roast-poultice-message Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phase: Anaemia (dizziness, headache), Mild puerperal fever; Lactagogue; Lactagogue, Painful or hard breasts, Improve flow of milk
Ziziphus funiculosa Ham. Rhamnaceae Kamlang Seuakong Kamlang Seuakhong VL 1347; VL 1426; VL 1563; VL 2044; Kool 546 Bark; Roots Roast-decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phase: Anaemia (dizziness, headache), Mild puerperal fever; Physical recovery
Ziziphus oenoplia (L.) Mill. Rhamnaceae Lep Miou Ksi Lep Miou VL 1365; Kool 680 Stems Roast-decoction-drink Postpartum recovery 1st and 2nd phase: Expel lochia; Postpartum abdominal pain; Perineal healing, Retraction of the uterus; Physical recovery