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Table 1 Plants encountered in Odo Bulu and Demaro, Bale, Ethiopia

From: Plant use in Odo-Bulu and Demaro, Bale region, Ethiopia

Voucher Oromifa Family Scientific name Uses and notes
16191 Sokoro Acanthaceae Acanthus sp. No use.
16011 Sokoro Acanthaceae Acanthus eminens C.B. Clarke Flowers for honey.
16011 Sokoro Acanthaceae Acanthus eminens C.B. Clarke NOT eaten by animals.
16011 Sokoro Acanthaceae Acanthus sennii Chiov. Medicine; leaves are dried, ground, mixed with butter and applied to wounds.
16236 Sokoru Acanthaceae Acanthus sennii Chiov. Flowers for honey.
16223 Dergu Acanthaceae Dicliptera laxata C.B. Clarke Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
NOTE: "Flower is different from place to place".
16210 Dergu Acanthaceae Dicliptera sp. Eaten by cattle.
16210 Dergu Acanthaceae Dicliptera sp. Flowers for honey.
15999 Dergu Acanthaceae Hypoestes forskaolii (Vahl.) R. Br. Eaten by animals.
16293 Gurbi Acanthaceae Hypoestes sp. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16220 Dergu Acanthaceae Hypoestes triflora (Forssk.) Roem. & Schult. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16046 Dergu Acanthaceae Justicia diclipteroides Lindau Eaten by cattle, bushbuck and mountain nyala.
16263 Gurbi Acanthaceae Justicia diclipteroides Lindau Eaten by cattle.
16336 Umuga Acanthaceae Justicia schimperiana (Hochst. Ex Nees) T. Anderson Rope; bark peeled and used as rope for construction to attach the wall fragments.
16288 Gurbi Acanthaceae Justicia sp. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16040 Herraye Acanthaceae Minulopsis solmsii Schweinf. Flowers for honey.
NOTE:
"This flowers only once in seven years. I have seen it twice in my lifetime (the speaker was about 55 years old). The last flowering was about 10 years ago when the great rain stopped. (El Niño 1998). It also flowered before the king was replaced (around 1973).
16237 Anano Acanthaceae Thunbergia alata Bojer ex Sims Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16294 Gurbi Acanthaceae   Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16313 Gurbi Acanthaceae   Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16397 No name Acanthaceae   No use.
16408 No name Acanthaceae   No use.
16228 Hacho Amaranthaceae Achyranthes aspera L. Eaten by cattle.
16228 Hacho Amaranthaceae Achyranthes aspera L. Veterinary; crush the root, boil it in water and give the animals to drink against rabies.
16144 Rafu Amaranthaceae Amaranthus sp. Eaten by cattle.
16144 Rafu Amaranthaceae Amaranthus sp. Food; cooked like cabbage in time of drought.
16153 Ch'okene Amaranthaceae Amaranthus sp. Medicine; as remedy for spiritual pain. Inhaling the smell brings out the evil.
NOTE: Name translates to "tall".
16153 Ch'okene Amaranthaceae Amaranthus sp. NOT eaten by livestock.
16153 Ch'okene Amaranthaceae Amaranthus sp. Veterinary; crushed and smeared on cattle for spiritual protection and "highsight".
16355 Rafu Amaranthaceae Amaranthus sp. Eaten by cattle.
16379 Rafu Amaranthaceae Amaranthus sp. No use.
16303 Gurbi Amaranthaceae Celosia anthelminthica Aschers. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16007 Hacho Amaranthaceae Cyathula cylindrica Moq. Eaten by cattle.
16007 Hacho Amaranthaceae Cyathula cylindrica Moq. Veterinary; crush the root, boil it in water and give the animals to drink against rabies.
16247 Hacho Amaranthaceae Cyathula polycephala Baker Eaten by cattle.
16127 Hacho Amaranthaceae Cyathula uncinulata (Schrad.) Schinz Eaten by cattle.
16127 Hacho Amaranthaceae Cyathula uncinulata (Schrad.) Schinz Veterinary; crush the root, boil it in water and give the animals to drink against rabies.
16216 Hacho Amaranthaceae Cyathula uncinulata (Schrad.) Schinz Eaten by cattle.
16216 Hacho Amaranthaceae Cyathula uncinulata (Schrad.) Schinz Veterinary; crush the root, boil it in water and give the animals to drink against rabies.
16297 No name Amaranthaceae   No use.
16376 Komudu Amaranthaceae   No use.
16289 Tadesa Anacardiaceae Rhus sp. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16289 Tadesa Anacardiaceae Rhus sp. Food; children eat the sweet fruits.
16213 No name Apiaceae Agrocharis incognita (C. Norman) Heyw. & Jury Eaten by cattle.
16213 No name Apiaceae Agrocharis incognita (C. Norman) Heyw. & Jury Medicine; root is crushed and eaten for stomach problems.
16213 No name Apiaceae Agrocharis incognita (C. Norman) Heyw. & Jury Veterinary; root is crushed and given to livestock for stomach problems.
15986 No name Apiaceae Carum sp. No use.
16182 No name Apiaceae Hydrocotyle mannii Hook.f. Eaten by baboons.
16010 Informant does not remember name Apiaceae Pimpinella oreophila Hook. f. Eaten by livestock and wildlife.
16010 Informant does not remember name Apiaceae Pimpinella oreophila Hook. f. Medicine; roots are ground and prepared as tea for stomach problems.
15987 No name Apiaceae Sanicula elata Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don. No use.
15993 Informant does not remember name Apiaceae Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link Eaten by animals.
16088 No name Apiaceae   No use.
16115 No name Apiaceae   No use.
16171 No name Apiaceae   Eaten by baboons.
16326 Hagamsa Apocynaceae Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl Eaten by goats.
16326 Hagamsa Apocynaceae Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl Food; fruit eaten by humans.
16027 Homba Apocynaceae Oncinotis tenuiloba Stapf. Eaten by livestock and mountain nyala.
NOTE: The latex is very sticky but not poisonous.
16027 Homba Apocynaceae Oncinotis tenuiloba Stapf. Rope.
NOTE: The latex is very sticky but not poisonous.
16423 Bulala Apocynaceae Oncinotis tenuiloba Stapf. Rope for construction.
16330 Diki Apocynaceae   Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala (leaves).
16330 Diki Apocynaceae   Rope; bark peeled and used as rope for construction.
16333 Gidila Apocynaceae   Poison; used to kill carnivores (mainly hyenas and lions); dry plant, crush and put on meat.
16400 Anano Apocynaceae   Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16422 Anano Apocynaceae   Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16031 Abeye Aquifoliaceae Ilex mitis (L.) Radkl. Food; women use the leaves to roll the dough in before putting it in the oven so that it does not burn. The seeds are crused and the oil is used to grease the baking plate before baking.
16414 Arfatu Araliaceae Cussonia holstii Harms ex Engl. Beehives (wood).
16214 Gatami Araliaceae Schefflera abyssinica (Hochst. ex Rich.) Harms Firewood.
16214 Gatami Araliaceae Schefflera abyssinica (Hochst. ex Rich.) Harms Flowers for honey.
16214 Gatami Araliaceae Schefflera abyssinica (Hochst. ex Rich.) Harms NOT eaten by cattle.
16025 Ansha Araliaceae Schefflera volkensii (Harms) Harms Eaten by cattle and colobus monkeys.
16025 Ansha Araliaceae Schefflera volkensii (Harms) Harms Firewood.
16041 Ansha Araliaceae Schefflera volkensii (Harms) Harms Firewood.
16043 Meti Arecaceae Phoenix reclinata Jacq. Weave wedding baskets and floor mats.
16134 Seriti Asparagaceae Asparagus africanus Lam. Eaten by cattle and wildlife.
16134 Seriti Asparagaceae Asparagus africanus Lam. Medicine; crush the plant, extract the juice and put on pimples.
16337 Sariti Asparagaceae Asparagus africanus Lam. Making brooms.
16135 Seriti Asparagaceae Asparagus falcatus L. Eaten by cattle and wildlife.
16135 Seriti Asparagaceae Asparagus falcatus L. Medicine; crush the plant, extract the juice and put on pimples.
16202 No name Asparagaceae Chlorophytum ducis-aprutii Chiov. No use.
15990 Kokosa Aspleniaceae Asplenium friesiorum C. Chr. No use.
16017 Kokosa Aspleniaceae Asplenium monanthes L. Sometimes eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16013 Kokosa Aspleniaceae Asplenium sp. Sometimes eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16014 Kokosa Aspleniaceae Asplenium sp. Sometimes eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16099 Kokosa Aspleniaceae Asplenium sp. No use.
16120 Kokosa Aspleniaceae Asplenium sp. No use.
16196 Kokosa Aspleniaceae Asplenium sp. No use.
16197 Kokosa Aspleniaceae Asplenium sp. No use.
16198 Kokosa Aspleniaceae Asplenium sp. No use.
16206 No name Aspleniaceae Asplenium sp. No use.
16207 Kokosa Aspleniaceae Asplenium sp. No use.
16012 Kokosa Aspleniaceae Asplenium theciferum (Kunth.) Mett. Sometimes eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16244 Gurbi Asteraceae Ageratum conyzoides L. No use.
16382 Kore'apata Asteraceae Arctium lappa L. No use.
16147 Ch'okone Asteraceae Artemisia absinthium (Mill.) DC. Medicine; as remedy for spiritual pain. Inhaling the smell brings out the evil.
NOTE: Name translates to "tall".
16147 Ch'okone Asteraceae Artemisia absinthium (Mill.) DC. NOT eaten by livestock.
NOTE: Name translates to "tall".
16147 Ch'okone Asteraceae Artemisia absinthium (Mill.) DC. Veterinary; crushed and smeared on cattle for spiritual protection and "highsight".
NOTE: Name translates to "tall".
16354 Informant does not remember name Asteraceae Artemisia absinthium (Mill.) DC. No use.
16113 Hada Asteraceae Bidens sp. Eaten by cattle.
16190 Korehare Asteraceae Carduus nyassanus (S. Moore) R.E. Fr. Eaten by donkeys.
NOTE: Name translates to "spiny donkey".
16125 No name Asteraceae Centaurea sp. No use.
16039 No name Asteraceae Cineraria deltoidea Sond. Eaten by cattle.
16122 Korehare Asteraceae Cirsium dender Friis Eaten by donkeys.
NOTE: Name translates to "spiny donkey".
16368 Korehare Asteraceae Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. Eaten by donkeys. They prefer the heads.
NOTE: Name translates to "spiny donkey".
15998 Informant does not remember name Asteraceae Crassocephalum sp. Eaten by cattle.
16038 No name Asteraceae Crassocephalum sp. Eaten by cattle.
16409 No name Asteraceae Crepis cf. rueppellii Sch. Bip. No use.
16052 Korehare Asteraceae Echinops hoehnelii Schweinf. Eaten by donkeys.
16204 No name Asteraceae Galinsoga parviflora Cav. No use.
16108 No name Asteraceae Gnaphalium sp. Eaten by cattle.
16145 Informant does not remember name Asteraceae Haplocarpha rueppellii (Sch. Bip.) K. Lewin Eaten by cattle.
16176 No name Asteraceae Helichrysum formosissimum Sch. Bip. No use.
16093 No name Asteraceae Helichrysum sp. No use.
16094 No name Asteraceae Helichrysum sp. No use.
16142 No name Asteraceae Helichrysum sp. No use.
16357 Hariti Asteraceae Helichrysum sp. No use.
16055 Hatawi Asteraceae Inula confertiflora A. Rich. Poison; this is NOT eaten by animals. The leaves look like nice toilet paper but should not be used because they will cause swellings.
15988 No name Asteraceae Mikania sp. Eaten by cattle.
16002 Karkora Asteraceae Mikaniopsis clematoides Milne-Redh. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16205 No name Asteraceae Mikaniopsis sp. Medicine;. "eye medicine" for better spiritual view (chewed root). The root is also chewed to protect against Evil Eye.
16161 Anono Asteraceae Prenanthes subpeltata Stebbins Medicine; leaves are boiled and then put on swellings and bruises.
16165 Anono Asteraceae Prenanthes subpeltata Stebbins Medicine; leaves are boiled and then put on swellings and bruises.
16037 Hagedena Asteraceae Senecio sp. Flowers for honey.
16089 No name Asteraceae Senecio sp. Eaten by cattle.
16095 Adado Asteraceae Senecio sp. Rope; to tie the main pole of the house. Very durable.
16095 Adado Asteraceae Senecio sp. Firewood.
16114 No name Asteraceae Senecio sp. No use.
16174 No name Asteraceae Senecio sp. No use.
16175 No name Asteraceae Senecio sp. No use.
16430 Buritaro Asteraceae Senecio sp. No use.
16131 Rafu Asteraceae Solanecio angulatus (Vahl) C. Jeffrey Medicine; the leaves are boild and the steam inhaled for spiritual cleansing and to expel spirits in crazy people.
16131 Rafu Asteraceae Solanecio angulatus (Vahl) C. Jeffrey NOT eaten by cattle.
16132 Galesimbira Asteraceae Sonchus bipontini Asch. Eaten by cattle (given to calves to strengthen them).
NOTE: Name translates to "birdvine".
16132 Galesimbira Asteraceae Sonchus bipontini Asch. Eaten by cattle.
NOTE: Name translates to "birdvine".
16132 Galesimbira Asteraceae Sonchus bipontini Asch. Medicine; used for swellings.
NOTE: Name translates to "birdvine".
16132 Galesimbira Asteraceae Sonchus bipontini Asch. Veterinary; used for swellings.
NOTE: Name translates to "birdvine".
16166 No name Asteraceae Sonchus oleraceus L. No use.
16243 Hada Asteraceae Tagetes erecta L. Poison; kills cattle when they eat it.
16243 Hada Asteraceae Tagetes erecta L. Poison; very bad for humans. If it gets in a wound it will expand.
16243 Hada Asteraceae Tagetes erecta L. Veterinary; used to treat cattle. Crush the leaves and put in the hole a worm made to kill the worms (botfly remedy).
16320 Sojom Asteraceae Vernonia amygdalina Delile No use.
16338 Ebicha Asteraceae Vernonia amygdalina Delile Construction (timber).
16338 Ebicha Asteraceae Vernonia amygdalina Delile Eaten by cattle.
16338 Ebicha Asteraceae Vernonia amygdalina Delile Firewood.
16338 Ebicha Asteraceae Vernonia amygdalina Delile Veterinary; smash leaves and feed to cattle for stomach problems.
16021 Regi Asteraceae Vernonia sp. Flowers for honey.
16021 Regi Asteraceae Vernonia sp. Veterinary; the leaves are fed to cattle who have stomach problems to fatten them.
16032 Gadarra Asteraceae Vernonia sp. Eaten by cattle.
16053 Kadara Asteraceae Vernonia sp. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16053 Kadara Asteraceae Vernonia sp. Poison; the hairs can cause eye problems.
16212 No name Asteraceae Vernonia sp. No use.
16230 Hevicha Asteraceae Vernonia sp. Eaten by cattle.
16230 Hevicha Asteraceae Vernonia sp. Veterinary; crush the leaves and make an extract. Give cattle to drink when they are bloated.
16065 Hadda Asteraceae   Eaten by cattle.
16091 No name Asteraceae   No use.
16133 No name Asteraceae   Flowers for honey.
16133 No name Asteraceae   NOT eaten by animals.
16168 No name Asteraceae   No use.
16229 Informant does not remember name Asteraceae   No use.
16296 No name Asteraceae   No use.
16328 Sojoma Asteraceae   No use.
16358 No name Asteraceae   No use.
16361 Hada Asteraceae   Eaten by cattle.
16361 Hada Asteraceae   Flowers for honey.
16377 Anamale Asteraceae   No use.
NOTE: Name translates to "only me" and classifies this as invasive species.
16383 Kore'apata Asteraceae   Weed.
16384 No name Asteraceae   No use.
16440 Hada Asteraceae   Eaten by cattle.
16440 Hada Asteraceae   Flowers for honey.
16442 No name Asteraceae   No use.
16104 Ch'afara Balsamiaceae Impatiens tinctoria A. Rich. No use.
16000 Tschafara Balsamiaceae Impatiens tinctoria A. Rich. ssp. abyssinica (Hook. f. ex Oliv.) Grey-Wilson Eaten by porcupine (roots, look like potatos).
16105 Ch'afara Balsamiaceae Impatiens walleriana Hook. f. Eaten by pigs, especially the root.
16105 Ch'afara Balsamiaceae Impatiens walleriana Hook. f. Medicine; women use the potato like root to strengthen their hair.
16222 No name Basellaceae Basella alba L. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16322 W'odes Boraginaceae Cordia africana Lam. Beehives.
16322 W'odes Boraginaceae Cordia africana Lam. Construction (timber).
16322 W'odes Boraginaceae Cordia africana Lam. Firewood.
16322 W'odes Boraginaceae Cordia africana Lam. Food; fruits eaten by baboons and humans.
16162 Korsamichi Boraginaceae Cynoglossum amplifolium Hochst. ex A. DC. Medicine; leaves are crushed, mixed with a little water to make an extract, which is drunk or put in the nose to treat colds.
16054 Korichi Michi Boraginaceae Cynoglossum coeruleum A. DC. ssp. geometricum (Baker & C.H. Wright) S. Edwards Medicine; leaves are crushed and put in water to make an extract. That is applied to cold sores and can also be drunk for stomach problems.
NOTE: Name translates to "spiny donkey".
16139 Korichi Michi Boraginaceae Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk. Medicine; the plant is crushed and applied to cold sores and afts, and also crushed and inhaled for headache.
16139 Korichi Michi Boraginaceae Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk. NOT eaten by animals.
16143 Informant does not remember name Boraginaceae Lithospermum officinale L. Eaten by cattle when flowering.
NOTE: "This came with the wheat given for aid during the Derg government".
16150 Carchapa Boraginaceae Myosotis abyssinica Boiss. & Reut. Eaten by cattle.
16136 Saro Brassicaceae Brassica sp. Eaten by cattle.
16136 Saro Brassicaceae Brassica sp. Veterinary; seeds are roasted and crushed and then fed to bloated cattle.
16141 Saro Brassicaceae Brassica sp. Eaten by cattle.
16141 Saro Brassicaceae Brassica sp. Veterinary; seeds are roasted and crushed and then fed to bloated cattle.
16186 No name Brassicaceae Cardamine hirsuta L. No use.
16152 Saro Brassicaceae   Eaten by cattle.
16152 Saro Brassicaceae   Veterinary; seeds are roasted and crushed and then fed to bloated cattle.
16241 No name Brassicaceae   No use.
16398 No name Burseraceae Boswellia rivae Engl. No use.
16308 Matakoma Cabnnabaceae Celtis africana Burm. f. Firewood.
16308 Matakoma Cabnnabaceae Celtis africana Burm. f. Tools; wood used to make ploughs.
16388 Bireliko Cabnnabaceae Celtis gomphophylla Baker Firewood.
16419 Matacoma Cabnnabaceae Celtis sp. Firewood.
16061 No name Campanulaceae Lobelia cf erlangeriana Engl. Eaten by baboons.
16073 No name Campanulaceae Wahlenbergia silenoides Hochst. ex A. Rich Eaten by cattle.
16441 No name Campanulaceae Wahlenbergia sp. No use.
16155 Informant does not remember name Caryophyllaceae Arenaria serpyllifolia L. Eaten by cattle.
16155 Informant does not remember name Caryophyllaceae Arenaria serpyllifolia L. Medicine; for spiritual things.
16350 Ch'oge Caryophyllaceae Cerastium hirsutum Crantz Eaten by cattle.
NOTE: Informants specifically mention small flower and fruit.
16110 No name Caryophyllaceae Cerastium indicum Wight & Arn. No use.
16238 No name Caryophyllaceae Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex Roem. & Schult. Eaten by cattle.
16111 Dukusha Caryophyllaceae Stellaria sennii Chiov. To soften leather. Crush the plant and apply to leather to make leather ropes soft.
16077 No name Caryophyllaceae   Eaten by baboons.
16026 Kombocha Celastraceae Maytenus arbutifolia R. Wilczek Eaten by livestock and mountain nyala.
16235 Kombolcha Celastraceae Maytenus arbutifolia R. Wilczek Eaten by cattle.
16235 Kombolcha Celastraceae Maytenus arbutifolia R. Wilczek Firewood.
16344 Kombolcha Celastraceae Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell Eaten by goats and mountain nyala
16344 Kombolcha Celastraceae Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell Firewood.
16344 Kombolcha Celastraceae Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell NOT eaten by cattle.
16195 Kombolcha Celastraceae Maytenus sp. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16195 Kombolcha Celastraceae Maytenus sp. Firewood.
16266 Kombolcha Celastraceae Maytenus sp. Eaten by goats.
16266 Kombolcha Celastraceae Maytenus sp. Flowers for honey.
16407 Jima Celastraceae   Firewood.
16146 Bucha Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium sp. Eaten by cattle, but if they eat it in the morning they get bloated.
16148 Bucha Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium sp. Eaten by cattle, but if they eat it in the morning they get bloated.
16353 No name Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium sp. NOT eaten by animals.
16033 Garramba Clusiaceae Hypericum revolutum Vahl Construction; timber used for house posts.
16033 Garramba Clusiaceae Hypericum revolutum Vahl Medicine; leaves boiled and given to babies with stomach problems and to make babies stop crying.
16076 Sedisa Clusiaceae Hypericum sp. Eaten by cattle.
NOTE: Informants were not completely sure about the name.
16404 Tantefensa Combretaceae Combretum sp. Charcoal.
16404 Tantefensa Combretaceae Combretum sp. Firewood.
16209 No name Commelinaceae Commelina imberbis Ehrenb. ex. Hassk. No use.
16366 K'aio Commelinaceae Commelina sp. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16393 K'aio Commelinaceae Commelina sp. Eaten by cattle.
16078 No name Commelinaceae Cyanotis polyrrhiza Hochst. ex Hassk. Eaten by baboons.
16048 Hananu Convolvulaceae Convolvulus kilimandschari Engl. Eaten by cattle and especially fed to calves.
16239 Anano Convolvulaceae Convolvulus sp. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16349 No name Convolvulaceae Dichondra repens J.R. Forst. & G. Forst. Construction; used to build fences because of the spines.
16311 Anamo Convolvulaceae Ipomoea sp. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16410 No name Convolvulaceae Ipomoea sp. No use.
16173 No name Crassulaceae Crassula alba Forssk. Eaten by baboons (root).
16081 No name Crassulaceae Crassula cf schimperi Fisch. & A. Mey. Eaten by baboons.
NOTE: "This grows on rocks."
16086 An'chura Crassulaceae Kalanchoe petitiana A. Rich. Medicine; heat the leaves over the fire and apply to relax sore muscles.
16086 An'chura Crassulaceae Kalanchoe petitiana A. Rich. Veterinary; if cattle break their legs, warm the plant or leaves over the fire and rub on the broken bone.
16068 No name Crassulaceae Sedum baleensis M. Gilbert No use.
16090 Angudula Crassulaceae Sedum cf churchillianum Robyns & Boutique Poison; in former times used to poison Hyenas. The plant material is crushed and out in meat. This makes the Hyena weak and intoxicated so that it can be killed.
15996 No name Crassulaceae Umbilicus botryoides A. Rich. No use.
NOTE: "It grows on trees."
16444 No name Crassulaceae   No use.
16359 Han'chote Cucurbitaceae Cucumis ficifolius A. Rich. Medicine; fruits are warmed in the fire and then smeared on infected wound etc. This will extract the pus.
16359 Han'chote Cucurbitaceae Cucumis ficifolius A. Rich. Medicine; the roots are crushed and drunk with coffee for sudden illness, e.g. when someone colapses or has sudden stomach problems.
16117 Alola Cucurbitaceae Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond. Eaten (fed especially to calves).
16117 Alola Cucurbitaceae Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond. To make ink. In former times crushed and mixed with charcoal.
16335 Haloa Cucurbitaceae   Eaten by cattle.
16424 Hindesa Cupressaceae Juniperus procera Hochst. ex Endl. Construction.
16424 Hindesa Cupressaceae Juniperus procera Hochst. ex Endl. Firewood.
16250 No name Cuscutaceae Cuscuta kilimanjari Oliv. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
NOTE: Recognized as parasite.
16250 No name Cuscutaceae Cuscuta kilimanjari Oliv. Flowers for honey.
NOTE: Recognized as parasite.
16219 D'jafa Cyperaceae Carex cf simensis Hochst. ex A. Rich. Eaten by cattle.
16219 D'jafa Cyperaceae Carex cf simensis Hochst. ex A. Rich. Thatch.
16006 Mata Cyperaceae Carex johnstonii Boeck. Eaten by animals.
16006 Mata Cyperaceae Carex johnstonii Boeck. Thatch.
16084 Ch'afa Cyperaceae Cyperus cf bracheilema (Steud.) Mattf. & Kük. Eaten by cattle.
16218 Arbagadda Cyperaceae Cyperus dichroostachyus Hochst. ex A. Rich. Eaten by cattle.
16218 Arbagadda Cyperaceae Cyperus dichroostachyus Hochst. ex A. Rich. Weave floor mats.
16345 Bidara Cyperaceae Cyperus sp. Eaten by cattle.
16085 No name Cyperaceae Isolepis cf omissa J. raynal Eaten by baboons.
16023 Gwemagni/Talandu Cyperaceae Isolepis setacea (L.) R. Br. Eaten by cattle.
16023 Gwemagni/Talandu Cyperaceae Isolepis setacea (L.) R. Br. Thatch.
16292 Aneno Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea sp. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala. Cattle really like this.
16179 No name Dipsacaceae Dipsacus pinnatifidus Steud. ex A. Rich. No use.
16123 No name Dipsacaceae Scabiosa columbaria L. No use.
16024 No name Dracaenaceae Dracaena afromontana Mildbr. No use.
16412 Kokosa Dryopteridaceae Doryopteris concolor (Langsd. & Fisch.) Kuhn No use.
16016 Kokosa Dryopteridaceae Dryopteris sp. Sometimes eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16100 Kokosa Dryopteridaceae Dryopteris sp. No use.
16199 Kokosa Dryopteridaceae Dryopteris sp. No use.
16269 Kokosa Dryopteridaceae Dryopteris sp. No use.
16019 Kokosa Dryopteridaceae Polystichum fuscopaleaceum Alston No use.
NOTE: "At high altitude it is red, at low altitude white."
16270 Kokosa Dryopteridaceae   No use.
16096 Sato Ericaceae Erica arborea L. Eaten by cattle.
16096 Sato Ericaceae Erica arborea L. Firewood.
16096 Sato Ericaceae Erica arborea L. Flowers for honey.
16194 Tula Ericaceae Myrsine melanophloeos (L.) R. Br. Construction (Timber).
16194 Tula Ericaceae Myrsine melanophloeos (L.) R. Br. Firewood.
16221 No name Euphorbiaceae Acalypha volkensii Pax No use.
16138 F'eo Euphorbiaceae Clutia abyssinica Jaub. & Spach. No use.
16251 Makanisa Euphorbiaceae Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Delile Medicine; sometimes the bark is mixed with Hanku to produce better stomach medicine.
16188 Guri Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia dumalis S. Carter Medicine; crush a little of the root, mix with coffee and honey and drink against Syphilis.
16188 Guri Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia dumalis S. Carter NOT eaten by cattle.
16116 Guri Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia schimperiana Scheele Medicine; crush a little of the root, mix with coffee and honey and drink against Syphilis.
16378 No name Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia sp. No use.
15992 No name Euphorbiaceae Phyllanthus cf ovalifolius Forssk. No use.
16312 No name Euphorbiaceae Phyllanthus cf ovalifolius Forssk. No use.
16416 Kobo Euphorbiaceae Ricinus communis L. Eaten by cattle.
16416 Kobo Euphorbiaceae Ricinus communis L. Food; seeds are crushed and the oil extracted to grease the pans for baking bread.
16416 Kobo Euphorbiaceae Ricinus communis L. To soften leather. Fruits crushed and applied to leather to soften.
16369 Dadetsha Fabaceae Acacia abyssinica Hochst. ex Benth. Charcoal (preferred species).
16369 Dadetsha Fabaceae Acacia abyssinica Hochst. ex Benth. Eaten by camels and goats.
16369 Dadetsha Fabaceae Acacia abyssinica Hochst. ex Benth. Firewood.
16347 Tshe'kata Fabaceae Caesalpinia sp. Tools; wood used to make ploughs.
16413 Chekata Fabaceae Caesalpinia sp. Firewood.
16035 Shashamane Fabaceae Crotalaria rosenii (Pax) Milne-Redh. ex Polhill Eaten by goats and sheep. They really like this.
15989 No name Fabaceae Desmodium repandum (Vahl) DC. No use.
16232 Walena Fabaceae Erythrina brucei Schweinf. Food; leaves used to wrap dough when making bread.
16232 Walena Fabaceae Erythrina brucei Schweinf. Tools; wood used to make the pestle for large mortars.
15991 Sedisa Fabaceae Medicago sp. Eaten by cattle.
16149 Kumudo Fabaceae Medicago sp. Eaten by cattle.
NOTE: This name applied to samples without fruits.
16343 Dadatu Fabaceae Millettia ferruginea (Hochst.) Baker Construction (timber).
16343 Dadatu Fabaceae Millettia ferruginea (Hochst.) Baker Firewood.
16034 Sedisa Fabaceae Parochetus communis Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don. Eaten by cattle.
16387 Shiko Fabaceae Senna sp. No use.
15994 Sedisa Fabaceae Trifolium semipilosum Fresen. Eaten by cattle.
16060 No name Fabaceae Trifolium simense Fresen. Eaten by baboons.
16157 No name Fabaceae Trifolium sp. Eaten by cattle.
16242 Anano Fabaceae   Eaten by livestock and wildlife.
16284 No name Fabaceae   Eaten by cattle.
16285 Anjakere Fabaceae   Eaten by cattle.
16348 Gorsana Fabaceae   Construction; used to build fences because of the spines.
16364 No name Fabaceae   No use.
16385 Sidika Fabaceae   No use.
16411 No name Fabaceae   No use.
16439 Anjakere Fabaceae   Making brooms.
16406 Dembi Flacourtiaceae Casearia sp. Firewood.
16208 Koshimo/Koshima Flacourtiaceae Dovyalis abyssinica (A. Rich.) Warb. Eaten by cattle.
16208 Koshimo/Koshima Flacourtiaceae Dovyalis abyssinica (A. Rich.) Warb. Firewood.
16208 Koshimo/Koshima Flacourtiaceae Dovyalis abyssinica (A. Rich.) Warb. Food; fruits eaten, but they are very sour.
16321 Riga Flacourtiaceae   Toothbrush.
16346 Diki Flacourtiaceae   Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16346 Diki Flacourtiaceae   Rope; used to hang beehives.
16399 No name Flacourtiaceae   No use.
16074 No name Gentianaceae Sebaea brachyphylla Griseb. No use.
16062 No name Gentianaceae Swertia sp. Eaten by baboons.
16126 No name Gentianaceae Swertia sp. No use.
16170 No name Gentianaceae Swertia sp. No use.
16109 No name Geraniaceae Geranium aculeolatum Oliv. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16080 No name Geraniaceae Geranium arabicum Forssk. Eaten by cattle.
16373 No name Geraniaceae Geranium arabicum Forssk. No use.
16438 No name Iridaceae   No use.
16102 Ch'afa Juncaceae Luzula johnstonii Buchenau Eaten by cattle when the plant is very young.
16102 Ch'afa Juncaceae Luzula johnstonii Buchenau Thatch.
16295 Sukaiahareti Lamiaceae Achyrospermum schimperi (Briq.) Perkins No use.
16160 Tosin Lamiaceae Becium cf obovatum (E. Mey. ex Benth.) N.E. Br. Food; used to make tea, as spice for butter, and as spice for baso (roasted and ground barley).
16310 Burasisa Lamiaceae Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke Eaten by cattle.
16137 Informant does not remember name Lamiaceae Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R. Br. Food; children like to suck the nectar from the flowers.
16137 Informant does not remember name Lamiaceae Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R. Br. Medicine; crush the plant and take as tea for stomach ailments.
16225 Urgo Lamiaceae Leucas martinicensis (Jacq.) R. Br. Eaten by cattle.
16316 Korichi Michi/Damakase Lamiaceae Ocimum sp. Medicine; for intestinal infections like cold or flu. Crush the leaves, add a little water, inhale juice or smear on body or drunk with coffee.
16332 Urgohare Lamiaceae Ocimum sp. No use.
16128 Tunto Lamiaceae Otostegia tomentosa A. Rich. Birds get nectar.
16128 Tunto Lamiaceae Otostegia tomentosa A. Rich. NOT eaten by cattle.
16079 Burri Lamiaceae Plectranthus sp. Eaten by cattle and baboons.
16087 No name Lamiaceae Plectranthus sp. No use.
16097 Burri Lamiaceae Plectranthus sp. Eaten by cattle.
16286 Damakasi Lamiaceae Plectranthus sp. Eaten by cattle.
16286 Damakasi Lamiaceae Plectranthus sp. Medicine; leaves are crushed and the extract drunk for colds, or leaves are crushed and stuck in the nose to treat colds.
16287 Urgo Lamiaceae Plectranthus sp. Eaten by cattle.
16287 Urgo Lamiaceae Plectranthus sp. Medicine; leaves crushed and put on wounds.
16356 Ocota Lamiaceae Salvia merjamie Forssk. Eaten by cattle.
16356 Ocota Lamiaceae Salvia merjamie Forssk. Medicine; leaves crushed and smeared on the body to treat any unknown or undiagnosed illness.
16001 Ocota Lamiaceae Salvia nilotica Juss. ex Jacq. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16098 No name Lamiaceae Satureja sp. No use.
16177 No name Lamiaceae Satureja sp. No use.
15997 Informant does not remember name Lamiaceae Stachys aculeolata Hook. f. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16178 No name Lamiaceae Stachys sp. No use.
16163 No name Lamiaceae Thymus schimperi Ronniger Eaten by cattle.
15995 Burri Lamiaceae   Flowers for honey.
15995 Burri Lamiaceae   NOT eaten by anything.
16389 Abaye Lauraceae Ocotea kenyensis (Chiov.) Robyns & R. Wilczek Firewood.
16391 Apeyu Lauraceae   Construction (house).
16391 Apeyu Lauraceae   Firewood.
16066 No name Liliaceae   Eaten by baboons who really like it, especially the roots. Fruit smells like garlic.
16215 No name Loranthaceae Englerina woodfordioides (Schweinf.) Balle ex M.G. Gilbert No use.
16187 No name Lycopodiaceae Huperzia dacrydioides (Baker) Pic. Serm. No use.
16268 Danisa Malvaceae Dombeya kirkii Mast. Eaten by cattle.
16268 Danisa Malvaceae Dombeya kirkii Mast. Flowers for honey.
16268 Danisa Malvaceae Dombeya kirkii Mast. Rope. Bark peeled for rope used in construction.
16323 Danisa Malvaceae Dombeya sp. Eaten by cattle.
16323 Danisa Malvaceae Dombeya sp. Firewood.
16323 Danisa Malvaceae Dombeya sp. Flowers for honey.
16058 Danisa Malvaceae Dombeya torrida Bamps. Eaten by cattle.
16118 Danisa Malvaceae Dombeya torrida Bamps. Flowers for honey.
16331 Matakoma Malvaceae Grewia sp. Firewood.
16267 Ishini Malvaceae Hibiscus sp. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16267 Ishini Malvaceae Hibiscus sp. Rope; bark peeled for rope used in construction.
16318 No name Malvaceae Hibiscus sp. No use.
16003 Amoja/Amocha Malvaceae Kosteletzkya adoensis (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Mast. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16003 Amoja/Amocha Malvaceae Kosteletzkya adoensis (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Mast. Toothbrush.
16130 Lita Malvaceae Malva sp. Eaten by cattle.
16130 Lita Malvaceae Malva sp. Medicine; in the past used to stimulate hair growth. Plant crushed and applied to the hair.
16317 Ishini Malvaceae Pavonia sp. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16317 Ishini Malvaceae Pavonia sp. Rope. Bark peeled and used as rope for construction.
16067 Hamoja Malvaceae Sparmannia ricinocarpa (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Kuntze Eaten by Giant forest hog.
16224 Amoja Malvaceae Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq. Eaten by mountain nyala, but NOT eaten by cattle.
16211 No name Malvaceae   No use.
16245 Ishini Malvaceae   Flowers for honey.
16245 Ishini Malvaceae   Rope; bark peeled for rope used in construction.
16298 Injin Malvaceae   Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16298 Injin Malvaceae   Rope. Bark peeled and used as rope for construction.
16324 Anunu Meliaceae Ekebergia capensis Sparm. Firewood.
16234 Harambe Meliaceae Lepidotrichilia volkensii (Gürke) J.-F. Leroy Firewood.
16234 Harambe Meliaceae Lepidotrichilia volkensii (Gürke) J.-F. Leroy Tools; wood to make ploughs.
16259 Hacho Meliaceae Lepidotrichilia volkensii (Gürke) J.-F. Leroy Firewood.
16390 Hacho Meliaceae Trichilia dregeana Sond. Firewood.
16309 Bulala Meliaceae Turraea holstii Gürke No use.
16029 Arambye Melianthaceae Bersama abyssinica Fresen. Tools; wood to make ploughs.
16342 Oroka Melianthaceae Bersama abyssinica Fresen. Firewood.
16183 Kalala Menispermaceae Stephania abyssinica (Quart.-Dill. & A. Rich.) Walp. Rope; to tie houseposts.
16183 Kalala Menispermaceae Stephania abyssinica (Quart.-Dill. & A. Rich.) Walp. Tools; to make containers for miliking.
16203 No name Moraceae Dorstenia soerensenii Friis No use.
16341 Dembi Moraceae Ficus sp. Firewood.
16403 Lint'o Moraceae Ficus sp. Firewood.
16340 Oda Moraceae Ficus sur Forssk. Beehives (wood).
16340 Oda Moraceae Ficus sur Forssk. Food; fruits eaten by humans.
16340 Oda Moraceae Ficus sur Forssk. NOT eaten by cattle
16402 Oda Moraceae Ficus sycomorus L. Beehives (wood).
16402 Oda Moraceae Ficus sycomorus L. Food; fruits eaten by monkeys, baboons and humans.
16306 No name Moraceae   No use.
16028 Hanku Myrsinaceae Embelia schimperi Vatke Eaten by goats, sheep, cattle, mountain nyala and baboons.
16028 Hanku Myrsinaceae Embelia schimperi Vatke Medicine; the fruits and stems are used as anthelmintic. Eat what fits in the bowl of a hand.
16260 Hanku Myrsinaceae Embelia schimperi Vatke Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16260 Hanku Myrsinaceae Embelia schimperi Vatke Medicine; crush fruits and drink liquid to cure tapeworm.
16022 Abeye Myrsinaceae Myrsine africana L. Food; women use the leaves to roll the dough in before putting it in the oven so that it does not buirn. The seeds are crused and the oil is used to grease the baking plate before baking.
16272 Badesa Myrtaceae Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. Firewood.
16272 Badesa Myrtaceae Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. Flowers for honey.
NOTE: Main honey source.
16272 Badesa Myrtaceae Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. Food; fruits eaten by humans.
16278 Badesa Myrtaceae Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. Firewood.
16278 Badesa Myrtaceae Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. Flowers for honey.
NOTE: Main honey source.
16278 Badesa Myrtaceae Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. Food; fruits eaten by humans.
16405 Badesa Myrtaceae Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. Construction (house).
16405 Badesa Myrtaceae Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. Firewood.
16405 Badesa Myrtaceae Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. Food; fruit eaten by humans.
16374 No name Nyctaginaceae Boerhavia sp. No use.
16375 No name Nyctaginaceae Boerhavia sp. No use.
16112 T'orso Oleaceae Jasminum abyssinicum Hochst. ex. DC. Eaten (especially fed to calves).
16112 T'orso Oleaceae Jasminum abyssinicum Hochst. ex. DC. Eaten by cattle.
16112 T'orso Oleaceae Jasminum abyssinicum Hochst. ex. DC. Rope; used in house construction.
16112 T'orso Oleaceae Jasminum abyssinicum Hochst. ex. DC. Toothbrush (young stems).
16329 Badesa Oleaceae Olea hochstetteri Baker Construction (timber).
16329 Badesa Oleaceae Olea hochstetteri Baker Food; fruit eaten by humans.
16329 Badesa Oleaceae Olea hochstetteri Baker NOT eaten by cattle.
16124 No name Orobanchaceae Orobanche minor Sm. No use.
16106 No name Oxalidaceae Oxalis sp. Eaten by cattle.
16386 Korehare Papaveraceae Argemone mexicana L. Eaten by donkeys.
NOTE: Name translates to "spiny donkey".
16121 Endode Phytolaccaceae Phytolacca dodecandra L.Hér. Detergent; fruits crushed and used to wash cloths.
16121 Endode Phytolaccaceae Phytolacca dodecandra L.Hér. Medicine; roots chewed for stomach problems. The fruits kill water animals and can be used to prevent Bilharzia.
16121 Endode Phytolaccaceae Phytolacca dodecandra L.Hér. Toothbrush (twigs).
16301 No name Phytolaccaceae   Eaten by cattle.
16008 Kontuyesa Piperaceae Peperomia abyssinica Miq. Medicine; boil the leaves and apply the steam to pimples and abscesses.
16314 No name Piperaceae Peperomia tetraphylla (G. Forst.) Hook. & Arn. No use.
16193 Ara Pittosporaceae Pittosporum abyssinicum Delile Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16193 Ara Pittosporaceae Pittosporum abyssinicum Delile Firewood.
16193 Ara Pittosporaceae Pittosporum abyssinicum Delile Toothbrush (small branches).
16352 Name unknown Plantaginaceae Plantago lanceolata L. Eaten by cattle.
16428 No name Plantaginaceae Plantago palmata Hook. f. No use.
16005 Garaba Poaceae Acritochaete volkensii Pilg. Eaten by livestock and wildlife.
16434 Tuta Poaceae Avenula sp. Eaten by cattle.
16050 Garaba Poaceae Bromus leptoclados Nees Eaten by cattle.
16050 Garaba Poaceae Bromus leptoclados Nees Thatch.
16103 Mata Poaceae Calamagrostis epigejos (L.) Roth. NOT eaten by cattle.
16103 Mata Poaceae Calamagrostis epigejos (L.) Roth. Thatch.
16249 Korcha Poaceae Digitaria sp. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16253 Hat'aua Poaceae Elymus sp. Eaten by cattle.
16253 Hat'aua Poaceae Elymus sp. Thatch.
16082 Marga Poaceae Eragrostis cilianensis (Bellardi) Vignolo ex. Janch. Eaten by cattle.
NOTE: Marga simply translates to grass.
16264 Garaba Poaceae Oplismenus compositus (L.) P. Beauv. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16299 Marga Poaceae Panicum sp. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16248 Chokorsa Poaceae Paspalum sp. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16290 Babala/Babela Poaceae Paspalum sp. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16351 Marga Poaceae Poa annua L. Eaten by cattle.
NOTE: This plant had to be examined very closely before consent could be reached.
16004 Marga Poaceae Poa leptoclada A. Rich. Eaten by cattle.
16262 Babala/Babela Poaceae Stipa dregeana Steudl. Eaten by cattle.
16049 Garaba Poaceae Streblochaete longiarista (A. Rich.) Pilg. Eaten by cattle.
16049 Garaba Poaceae Streblochaete longiarista (A. Rich.) Pilg. Thatch.
16265 Garaba Poaceae Streblochaete longiarista (A. Rich.) Pilg. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16083 Marga Poaceae   Eaten by cattle.
NOTE: Marga simply translates to grass.
16252 Mata Poaceae   Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16252 Mata Poaceae   Thatch.
16291 Babala/Babela Poaceae   Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16300 Marga Poaceae   Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16433 Mata Poaceae   Eaten by cattle.
16433 Mata Poaceae   Thatch.
16246 Bosoka Polygonaceae Polygonum afromontanum Greenway No use.
16227 Berberisa Polygonaceae Rumex abyssinicus Jacq. No use.
16009 Shabee Polygonaceae Rumex nepalensis Spreng. Eaten by cattle.
16009 Shabee Polygonaceae Rumex nepalensis Spreng. Medicine; roots are crushed and eaten for stomach problems.
16009 Shabee Polygonaceae Rumex nepalensis Spreng. Veterinary; leaves are crushed and given to livestock for stomach problems.
16360 Haberira Polygonaceae Rumex sp. Medicine; root is crushed, and water added and drunk when somebody "feels that something is worng," i.e. has an undiagnosed illness.
16189 Kokosa Polypodiaceae Drynaria volkensii Hieron. No use.
16018 No name Polypodiaceae Loxogramme abyssinica (Baker) M.G. Price No use.
NOTE: "At high altitude it is red, at low altitude white."
16392 No name Portulacaceae Portulaca oleracea L. No use.
16070 No name Primulaceae Ardisiandra wettsteinii R. Wagner Eaten by mountain nyala.
16154 Matane Primulaceaea Anagallis arvensis L. Eaten by cattle.
NOTE: "There are two kinds in the area."
16154 Matane Primulaceaea Anagallis arvensis L. Medicine. Applied to the eye to improve "fat yellow thing" in the eye.
NOTE: "There are two kinds in the area."
16119 No name Pteridaceae Adiantum capillus-veneris L. No use.
16101 Kokosa Pteridaceae Cheilanthes farinosa (Forssk.) Kaulf. No use.
16200 Kokosa Pteridaceae Cheilanthes farinosa (Forssk.) Kaulf. No use.
16217 No name Pteridaceae Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn No use.
16015 Kokosa Pteridaceae Pteris catoptera Kunze Sometimes eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16271 Kokosa Pteridaceae Pteris catoptera Kunze No use.
16261 Kokosa Pteridaceae Pteris dentata Forssk. No use.
16201 Kokosa Pteridaceae Pteris flabellata Thunb. No use.
16420 Kokosa Pteridaceae Pteris sp. No use.
16396 Kokosa Pteridaceae   No use.
16047 Fidy Ranunculaceae Clematis bracteata (Roxb.) Kurz Medicine; used for "lung cancer" and cancer in general. The plant is crushed and mixed with butter and applied to wounds, haemorrhoids and burns.
16282 Hacho Ranunculaceae Clematis hirsuta Guill. & Perr. Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16304 Fidy Ranunculaceae Clematis simensis Fresen. Rope; bark peeled and used as rope for construction.
16059 No name Ranunculaceae Delphinium wellbyi Hemsl. No use.
16427 No name Resedaceae Caylusea abyssinica Fisch. & C.A. Mey. No use.
16325 No name Rhamnaceae Helinus integrifolius (Lam.) Kuntze No use.
16431 Gesho Rhamnaceae Rhamnus prinoides L'Hér. Food; leaves used to flavor beer and mead. Only used by Christians. Very bitter.
16365 Bitana Rhamnaceae Rhamnus staddo A. Rich. Construction (house).
16045 Thelo Rhizophoraceae Cassipourea malosana (Baker) Alston Firewood.
16045 Thelo Rhizophoraceae Cassipourea malosana (Baker) Alston Tools; wood used to make ploughs.
16169 Sedisa Rosaceae Alchemilla fischeri Engl. Eaten by cattle and baboons.
16181 Sedisa Rosaceae Alchemilla kiwuensis Engl. Eaten by cattle.
16057 Heto Rosaceae Hagenia abyssinica J.F. Gmel. Eaten by cattle.
16057 Heto Rosaceae Hagenia abyssinica J.F. Gmel. Medicine; fruits are dried, ground and eaten before a meal as anthelmintic. Better taken early in the morning with some food.
16226 Suke Rosaceae Prunus africana (Hook. f.) Kalkman Rope; used to hang beehives.
16192 Gora Rosaceae Rubus steudneri Schweinf. Eaten especially by mountain nyala.
16192 Gora Rosaceae Rubus steudneri Schweinf. Food; Fruit eaten by people.
16030 Coralla Rubiaceae Canthium oligocarpum Hiern Eaten by cattle and mountain nyala.
16030 Coralla Rubiaceae Canthium oligocarpum Hiern Food; fruits eaten by children.
16275 Coralla Rubiaceae Canthium sp. Firewood.
16275 Coralla Rubiaceae Canthium sp. Food; fruits eaten by humans.
16276 Gagama Rubiaceae Canthium sp. Tools; wood used to make ploughs.
16305 Buna Rubiaceae Coffea arabica L. Food; fallen leaves roasted for tea, seeds coffee.
16180 Matane Rubiaceae Galium aparinoides Forssk. Eaten by cattle.
16164 No name Rubiaceae Oldenlandia monanthos (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Hiern Eaten by cattle.
16051 No name Rubiaceae Pentas schimperiana (A. Rich.) Vatke Eaten by cattle.
16283 No name Rubiaceae Pentas sp. Eaten by cattle and other animals.
16415 Bulala Rubiaceae Psydrax sp. Firewood.
16258 Farangasa Rubiaceae Rhytigynia sp. Firewood.
16426 No name Rubiaceae Rubia cordifolia L. Medicine for "snake spit that causes wounds." Root and leaves are chewed and then spit on the affected area.
16255 Sugurgura Rubiaceae Vangueria sp. Construction; to link the main poles and the roof beams.
16307 Arbo Rutaceae Citrus aurantium L. Food; fruits eaten by baboons and humans.
16233 H'adesa Rutaceae Teclea nobilis Delile NOT used for firewood.
16233 H'adesa Rutaceae Teclea nobilis Delile Tools; wood to make ploughs.
16257 Adesa Rutaceae Teclea sp. Firewood.
16274 Adesa Rutaceae Teclea sp. Firewood.
16315 Harira Rutaceae Teclea sp. Firewood.
16417 Sadiqua Rutaceae Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. No use.
16273 Harera Rutaceae Vepris dainellii (Pic. Seerm.) Miziray Firewood.
16401 Gagama Rutaceae   Tools; wood used to make ploughs.
16436 Bitana Rutaceae   Firewood.
16339 Deerto Santalaceae Viscum triflorum DC. No use.
16044 Habarra Sapindaceae Allophylus abyssinicus (Hochst.) Radkl. Food; Fruits eaten by children.
16044 Habarra Sapindaceae Allophylus abyssinicus (Hochst.) Radkl. Medicine; Flowers for Honey; This honey has medicinal properties and is good for stomach problems.
16277 Aberra Sapindaceae Allophylus abyssinicus (Hochst.) Radkl. Eaten by cattle.
16277 Aberra Sapindaceae Allophylus abyssinicus (Hochst.) Radkl. Food; Fruits eaten by humans and baboons.
16256 Guduba Sapotaceae Aningeria adolfi-friederici (Engl.) Robyns & G.C.C. Gilbert Firewood.
16072 No name Saxifragaceae Saxifraga sp. Eaten by baboons.
16075 No name Saxifragaceae Saxifraga sp. No use.
16167 No name Scrophulariaceae Bartsia petitiana (A. Rich.) Hemsl. No use.
16437 No name Scrophulariaceae Bartsia sp. No use.
16092 Bulchana Scrophulariaceae Buddleja polystachya Fresen. Firewood.
16158 Kankarasho Scrophulariaceae Craterostigma pumilum Hochst. Eaten by baboons (root).
16158 Kankarasho Scrophulariaceae Craterostigma pumilum Hochst. Food; Roots chewed by humans for taste (like a sweet carrot)
16071 No name Scrophulariaceae Craterostigma sp. Eaten by baboons.
16156 Bilike Scrophulariaceae Cycniopsis humilis A. Bacjklund, Asfaw & Långström Eaten by baboons (root).
16159 No name Scrophulariaceae Hebenstretia angolensis Rolfe No use.
16064 No name Scrophulariaceae Rhabdotosperma sp. No use.
16429 Ashishira Scrophulariaceae Verbascum sinaiticum Benth. Making brooms.
16069 No name Scrophulariaceae Veronica abyssinica Fresen. No use.
16107 Da'ta Scrophulariaceae Veronica glandulosa Hochst. ex Benth. Eaten by cattle.
16443 Hada Scrophulariaceae   Eaten by cattle.
16443 Hada Scrophulariaceae   Flowers for honey.
16445 No name Scrophulariaceae   No use.
16140 Ironto Simaroubaceae Brucea antidysenterica J.F. Mill. NOT eaten by animals, not even by ants. The smoke and the plant smell bad. Can be used as insect repellent.
16363 Banji Solanaceae Datura stramonium L. Medicine; Leaves are crushed and applied to abscesses with pus, deep thorns, infected swollen wounds etc. This will extract the thorn/pus.
NOTE: The name translates to "plant from the east" in Amharic: Atafaris. It is also used as generic name for "drug".
16363 Banji Solanaceae Datura stramonium L. Poison. Seeds might acidentially get mixed with barley. If that is eaten one gets intoxicated, the mouth gets dry, and the mind gets confused. The effect starts as soon as the digestion has happened.
16042 Marraro Solanaceae Discopodium penninervium Hochst. Eaten by horses.
16381 Benjisaria Solanaceae Physalis sp. Weed.
16319 Hiddi Solanaceae Solanum incanum L. Eaten by cattle and goats.
16319 Hiddi Solanaceae Solanum incanum L. Medicine; roots chewed for stomach health and sudden pain.
16319 Hiddi Solanaceae Solanum incanum L. Poison; fruits are toxic.
16370 Hiddi Solanaceae Solanum incanum L. Eaten by cattle (leaves).
16370 Hiddi Solanaceae Solanum incanum L. Medicine; root is eaten for stomach problems of sudden onset. Very bitter.
16231 Hiddi Solanaceae Solanum macracanthum A. Rich. Medicine; root chewed for stomach problems.
16231 Hiddi Solanaceae Solanum macracanthum A. Rich. NOT eaten by cattle.
16362 Mijilo Solanaceae Solanum nigrum L. Eaten by cattle.
16362 Mijilo Solanaceae Solanum nigrum L. Food; children eat the fruits.
16371 Mishilo Huarabesa Solanaceae Solanum sp. No use.
NOTE: Name translates as "Hyena tomato".
16372 Hiti'arbo Solanaceae Solanum sp. Detergent; fruits were formerly boiled and used as detergent to wash cloths.
16129 Unso Solanaceae Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal Medicine; roots are smashed or chewed like a carrot to treat stomach problems. The leaves are burnt as incense as spiritual medicine.
16129 Unso Solanaceae Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal NOT eaten by cattle.
16380 Hunso Solanaceae   Veterinary. When the yoke hurts the back of the oxen and produces a swelling, crush the leaves and put on the swelling.
16118 Danisa Sterculiaceae Dombeya torrida Bamps. Rope; bark peeled and used in construction. "They pull the water transport system for rope".
16367 Bitana Stilbaceae Nuxia congesta R. Br. ex Fresen. Construction (house).
16367 Bitana Stilbaceae Nuxia congesta R. Br. ex Fresen. Firewood.
16367 Bitana Stilbaceae Nuxia congesta R. Br. ex Fresen. Flowers for honey.
16302 Kokosa Tectariaceae Tectaria gemmifera (Fée) Alston No use.
16394 Kokosa Thelypteridaceae Thelypteris sp. No use.
16395 Kokosa Thelypteridaceae Thelypteris sp. No use.
16432 Didisa Thymeleaceae Gnidia glauca (Fresen.) Gilg Firewood.
16432 Didisa Thymeleaceae Gnidia glauca (Fresen.) Gilg Rope; bark used to make rope.
16184 No name Urticaceae Pilea johnstonii Oliv. No use.
16185 No name Urticaceae Pilea rivularis Wedd. Eaten by baboons.
16240 No name Urticaceae Pilea sp. Eaten by cattle.
16056 Halila Urticaceae Urera hypselodendron Wedd. Eaten by cattle and wildlife.
16254 Halila Urticaceae Urera hypselodendron Wedd. No use.
16334 Lalesa Urticaceae   No use.
16281 Sukai Verbenaceae Lantana sp. Eaten by cattle.
16281 Sukai Verbenaceae Lantana sp. Food; spice for butter, milk etc.
16425 No name Verbenaceae Verbena sp. No use.
16280 No name Verbenaceae   No use.
16327 Ulaga Verbenaceae   Firewood.
16327 Ulaga Verbenaceae   Tools; wood used to make ploughs.
16435 Dukunsha Violaceae Viola abyssinica Steud. ex Oliv. To soften leather. Leaves are crushed to extract the juice, which is applied to hard leather.
16020 Lelecha Vitaceae Cyphostemma sp. Poison; this burns your bowels when you eat it. NOT eaten by animals.
16418 No name Vitaceae Rhoicissus sp. NOT eaten by cattle.
16063 No name Xanthorrhoeaceae Asphodelus fistulosus L. Eaten by baboons.
16172 Lela Xanthorrhoeaceae Kniphofia foliosa Hochst. No use.
16151 Ch'amare Zygophyllaceae Tribulus terrestris L. Eaten by all animals.
16151 Ch'amare Zygophyllaceae Tribulus terrestris L. Toothbrush (root).
16036 Seriti    Eaten sometimes by goats.
16149 Sedisa    Eaten by cattle.
NOTE: This name applied to samples WITH fruits
16279 Wayebosa    Eaten by cattle.
16279 Wayebosa    Flowers for honey.
16421 Diki    Eaten by cattle.
16421 Diki    Rope.