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Table 4 Nutrient content of some most preferred wild edible plants from the wetlands of Manipur (values are ± SD).

From: Dietary use and conservation concern of edible wetland plants at indo-burma hotspot: a case study from northeast India

Botanical name Parts Lignin
(%)
Fat
(%)
Carbo-hydrate
(%)
Protein
(%)
Total Phosphorus
(%)
Total Nitrogen
(%)
Potassium
(%)
Sodium
(%)
Alpinia galanga Rhizome 18 ± 0.5 1 ± 0.2 4.4 ± 1.1 2.6 ± 1.11 0.58 ± 0.02 0.40 ± 0.01 0.33 ± 0.01 0.02 ± 0.001
Cardamine hirsuta Shoot 6 ± 0.6 3 ± 0.6 8 ± 1.56 14.4 ± 1.22 0.66 ± 0.01 0.66 ± 0.01 0.44 ± 0.003 0.016 ± 0.00
Centella asiatica Whole plant 1 ± 0.05 1 ± 0.5 7 ± 2.12 8.25 ± 0.12 0.62 ± 0.01 0.62 ± 0.008 0.33 ± 0.019 0.08 ± 0.001
Colocasia esculenta Corm 9 ± 0.8 2 ± 0.3 18.5 ± 3.4 4.07 ± 1.22 0.385 ± 0.04 0.65 ± 0.001 0.34 ± 0.02 0.014 ± 0.001
Commelina bengalensis Shoot 5 ± 0.6 1 ± 0.5 5 ± 1.12 9.4 ± 0.11 0.813 ± 0.11 1.5 ± 0.03 0.34 ± 0.01 0.02 ± 0.001
Eleocharis dulcis Root 4 ± .02 1 ± .03 10.2 ± 2.3 6.56 ± 1.23 0.684 ± 0.040 1.50 ± 0.030 0.187 ± 0.003 0.008 ± 0.0
Fagopyrum esculentum Shoot 9 ± 0.5 1 ± 0.3 4 ± 2.3 8.31 ± 0.22 0.991 ± 0.123 1.33 ± 0.01 0.016 ± 0.002 0.24 ± 0.000
Hedychium coronarium Rhizome 9 ± 1 2 ± 0.5 10 ± 3.5 4.63 ± 1.11 0.92 ± 0.03 0.92 ± 0.028 0.056 ± 0.003 0.018 ± 0.003
Hedyotis auricularia Shoot 70 ± 3.5 3 ± 1 7.3 ± 2.3 7.88 ± 0.22 0.4 ± 0.02 0.4 ± 0.024 0.121 ± 0.001 0.014 ± 0.001
Ipomoea aquatica Shoot 10 ± 1.2 3.6 ± 0.4 4.4 ± 1.1 14.5 ± 1.22 0.6 ± 0.03 0.601 ± 0.03 0.41 ± 0.007 0.15 ± 0.013
Jusiaea repens Shoot 5 ± 1.1 1 ± 0.005 11.3 ± 2.7 13.5 ± 0.23 0.96 ± 0.18 2.16 ± 0.001 0.26 ± 0.002 0.017 ± 0.000
Jusiaea suffruticosa Shoot 9 ± 2.1 2 ± 0.08 6.8 ± 3 9.76 ± 0.13 0.98 ± 0.01 1.56 ± 0.006 0.134 ± 0.002 0.019 ± 0.002
Lemanea australis Whole plant 23 ± 2.2 10 ± 1.4 32.5 ± 5.5 20.2 ± 0.11 - 3.18 ± 0.12 0.4 ± 0.110 -
Marsilea minuta Shoot 9 ± 1 4 ± 0.8 4.8 ± 1.9 8.0 ± 1.24 0.94 ± 0.001 1.28 ± 0.021 0.373 ± 0.005 0.017 ± 0.00
Nelumbo nucifera Root - 0.1 ± .001 26.5 ± 4.3 2.78 ± 0.01 0.44 ± 0.04 0.39 ± 0.02 - -
Oxalis corniculata Whole plant 45 ± 4.7 2 ± 0.5 11.8 ± 3.4 9.2 ± 0.11 0.92 ± 0.23 1.47 ± 0.001 0.3 ± 0.007 0.018 ± 0.001
Polygonum barbatum Shoot 10 ± 2.1 2 ± 0.3 3.7 ± 1.4 7.5 ± 0.11 0.44 ± 0.003 1.20 ± 0.03 0.015 ± 0.012 0.035 ± 0.005
Rumex nepalensis Shoot 4 ± 0.6 2 ± 0.1 10.5 ± 2.5 14.9 ± 0.11 0.88 ± 0.04 2.38 ± 0.01 0.415 ± 0.01 0.1 ± 0.001
Sagittaria sagittifolia Root 6 ± 0.7 1 ± 0.006 3.4 ± 1.3 2.61 ± 0.12 0.8 ± 0.001 0.42 ± 0.001 0.018 ± 0.003 0.12 ± 0.01
Viola pilosa Shoot 76 ± 5.1 3 ± 0.9 7.5 ± 1.4 4.9 ± 0.21 0.43 ± 0.004 0.78 ± 0.002 0.35 ± 0.005 0.017 ± 0.001
Zizania latifolia Inflorescence 7 ± 1.2 1 ± 0.5 13.8 ± 2.5 8.13 ± 1.23 0.78 ± 0.11 1.3 ± 0.005 0.46 ± 0.002 0.022 ± 0.005
  1. -not analyzed