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Table 2 Ethno-botanical uses of plants documented in the study area: Kalaktang, Arunachal Pradesh

From: Ethnobotany of the Monpa ethnic group at Arunachal Pradesh, India

Botanical name/Voucher number Family name Local name/Status of domestication Habit Parts used Herbal formulation Ailments treated
Artemisia nilagirica (Clarke) Pamp. (N/2005-20) Asteraceae Merangma, Wild Sh Leaves Juice and paste (E) Wounds, cuts, scabies, and inflammations
Ageratum conyzoides Linn. (N/2005-21) Asteraceae Ngonamshu, Wild H Leaves Juice and paste (E) Wound healer, Veterinary, fish poison
Azadirachta indica A. Juss (N/2006-2001) Meliaceae Neem, Wild T Leaves Decoction (I) Stomach disorder, diarrhoea
Allium sativum Linn. (N/2006-200) Liliaceae Chong, Cult H Leaves and rhizome Paste and juice (E) Bone fracture
Allium hookeri Linn. (N/2005-22) Liliaceae Lam, Cult H Leaves and rhizome Paste and juice (E) Skin diseases, Veterinary, bone fracture,
Aesculus assamica Griffith (N/2005-40) Sapindaceae Thretangshing, Wild T Stem bark Fresh barks collected and pounded with wooden stick Fish poison
Aconitum ferox Wall. (N/2005-46) Ranunculaceae Shaga-manshing, Wild H Tuber Paste in arrow (made of iron) poisoning Poison to kill rats and wild animals
Bidens pilosa Linn. (N/2006-222) Asteraceae Robashing, Wild H Leaves Decoction and paste (E) Wounds and skin inflammations
Buddleja asiatica Lour. (N/2006-223) Scrophulariaceae Phamshing, Wild Sh Leaves and young twigs Juice and paste (E) Diarrhoea, Beverages fermentation
Cannabis sativa Linn. (N/2005-19) Urticaceae Namku, Wild Sh Leaves and seeds Mixed with maize flour Veterinary
Castanopsis indica Roxb (N/2005-38) Fagaceae Kheshing, Wild T Leaves and stem bark Whole plant extract is used to poison fish Fish poison and raw seeds are eaten
Curcuma caesia Roxb. (N/2005-28) Zingibaraceae Yongka, Cult H Rhizome Paste (E) Rituals and pimples removal
Centella asiatica Linn. (N/2006-224) Apiaceae Manimuni, Cult H Whole plant Decoction (I), vegetable Stomach disorder, cuts, wounds, inflammations& common vegetable
Clerodendrum colebrookianum Walp. (N/2005-24) Verbenaceae Khangjela-shing, Wild Sh Leaves Decoction with sugar (I), boiled vegetable High blood pressure, stomach disorder, headache
Citrus indica Tanaka (N/2005-25) Rutaceae Tsalum, Cult T Fruit/seeds Paste (E) Face pimples removal
Dioscorea alata Linn. (N/2005-23) Dioscoreaceae Rangthangong, Cult C Tuber Boiled vegetable Gastritis
Derris scandens (Roxb.) Benth. (N/2005-32) Leguminaceae Sa-ngairushing, Wild C Roots Roots are pounded with wooded stick and thrown into the river to poison fishes Community fishing
Ficus glomerata Roxb. (N/2005-30) Moraceae Koknangshing, Wild T Fruits/seeds Eaten raw Diabetes and common fodder
Gynura crepedioides (BTH.) Moore (N/2006-225) Asteraceae Jakpangon, Wild H Leaves and young twigs Boiled vegetable/raw Vegetables and stomach disorder
Gymnocladus assamicus Kanjilal ex. P.C. Kanjilal (N/2005-17) Fabaceae Minangmashing, Wild T Mature pods Bark Detergent (soap), religious and veterinary
Hedyotis scandens Roxb. (N/2006-228) Rubiaceae Phamshing, Wild Sh Leaves and young twigs Decoction with sugar (I) Gastritis, Beverages fermentation
Houttuynia cordata Thunb. (N/2006-229) Piperaceae Momarengpa, Wild H Whole plant Decoction (I)/boiled vegetable/raw Stomachache and diarrhoea
Ipomoea batatas Linn. (Lam.) (N/2005-35) Convolvulaceae Yengjoktang, Cult H Leaves and tuber Boiled vegetable Rituals, tubers staple food and leaves as fish feeds
Leucas aspera Spreng. (N/2006-230) Lamiaceae Ngonshing, Wild H Leaves Juice and paste (E) Cuts and wounds, earache, inflammation
Litsea cubeba (Lour) Pers. (N/2005-38) Lauraceae Nengshing, Wild T Fruits Paste (E), Raw/cooking Condiments, eczema, heart disease and stomach disorder
Lindera neesiana (Wallich ex Nees) Kurz (N/2005-39) Lauraceae Lungkarmashing, Wild T Fruits/Seeds Hot oils taken 2-3 spoonful (I) Anthelmintic, diarrhoea, scabies, vegetable oils
Momordica charantia Linn. (N/2006-236) Cucurbitacaea Kairu, Cult C Fruit/Seeds Cooking/raw Anthelmintic, diabetes
Mannihot esculenta Crantz (N/2006-238) Euphorbiaceae Shingjoktang, Cult Sh Rhizome Cooking Rituals, vegetables
Oroxylum indicum Vent. (N/2006-240) Bignoniaceae Namkalingshing, Cult T Fruits/seeds Seeds collected and dried Rituals
Ocimum sanctum Linn. (N/2006-244) Lamiaceae Tilosi, Cult H Leaves Paste (E), hot water decoction (I) Stomach disorder, inflammations, wounds, cuts
Pinus wallichiana A.B. Jackson (N/2005-16) Pinaceae Chhu-gon-shing, Wild T Leaves and cones   Rituals and resins
Pinus longifolia Roxb (N/2005-15) Pinaceae Chhu-gon-shing, Wild T Leaves   Ritual
Piper betle Linn. (N/2005-14) Piparaceae Unknown, Cult H Leaves   Beverages fermentation
Polygonum hydropiper Linn. (N/2005-36) Polygonaceae Ngashing, Wild H Whole plant Whole plant extract Fish poison
Psidium guajava Linn. (N/2006-252) Myrtaceae Baghanse, Cult T Leaves Raw/decoction with citrus fruit juice and salt (I) Darrhoea, cough
Punica granatum Linn. (N/2005-37) Punicaceae Dalemshing, Cult H Leaves Decoction Stomach ache and diarrhoea
Pouzolzia bennettiana Wight (N/2005-52) Urticaceae Oyek, Wild Sh Leaves Boiled vegetable Stomach disorder
Plantago major Linn. (N/2005-42) Plantaginaceae Tsashing, Wild H Whole plant Paste and juice (E) Wounds, inflammations, Veterinary
Rhododendron arboreum Smith. Gurans (N/2005-49) Ericaceae Woodongmento, Wild T Flower Decoction with sugar (I) Dysentery, diarrhoea, throat clearance when fish bones get stuck in the gullet
Solanum xanthocarpum Burm. f. (N/2005-44) Solanaceae Zubalemin, Wild H Seeds Paste (I) Dental problem
Solanum indicum Linn. (N/2005-54) Solanaceae Kharangeh, Cult Sh Seeds Boiled vegetable/raw Anthelmintic, Beverages fermentation
Solanum torvum Sw. (N/2005-50) Solanaceae Borang Kharangjeh, Wild Sh Seeds Boiled vegetable/raw Anthelmintic
Solanum sp. (N/2005-13) Solanaceae Apataniseh, Wild Sh Seeds Boiled vegetables/raw Antihelminthic
Saccharum officinarum Linn. (N/2006-243) Poaceae Khumin, Cult Sh Stem Juice (I) Jaundice
Spilanthes oleracea Murr. (N/2006-246) Asteraceae Marshang, Wild H Leaves and young twigs Paste (E)/boiled vegetable Stop bleeding, skin infections and gastritis, fish poison
Thysanolaena maxima Kuntze (N/2006-250) Poaceae Tsakpushabashing, Wild Sh Whole plant Whole plant collected and dried Rituals
Thuja occidentalis Linn. (N/2005-12) Cupressaceae Pos-shing, Wild Sh Whole plant   Rituals
Zingiber officinale Rosc. (N/2005-48) Zingiberaceae Saagha,Cult H Rhizome Raw/vegetable Cough and Stomachache
  1. Habit: T: tree; Sh: shrub; H: herb; C: climber; Cult: cultivated.
  2. Mode of administration: (I) internal use; (E) External use.