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Table 4 Comparison of indigenous plant use and pharmacological properties of reported medicinal plants

From: Ethnobotany of the Monpa ethnic group at Arunachal Pradesh, India

Species name Indigenous use Reported phytochemical/pharmacological properties Local use coherent with known phytochemical/pharmacological properties
Artemisia nilagirica Wounds, scabies, inflammations Anti-microbial, anti-fungal activity and polyphenolic compounds [64, 65]. Yes
Ageratum conyzoides Wound healer Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-pyretic, anti-microbial, and wound healing properties [66, 67]. Tannins, saponins, coumarins, flavonoids, pyrrolizidine alkaloids [68]. Yes
Azadirachta indica Stomachache, diarrhoea Anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic, analgesic, anti-ulcerogenic properties [69, 70]. Yes
Allium sativum Bone fracture Anti-inflammatory in experimental rats [71]. Yes
Bidens pilosa Wounds healer Anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic activity (Horiuchi and Seyama, 2008; Inflammations, bacterial infections [72]. Yes
Centella asiatica Stomach disorder, wounds Anti-inflammatory activity, wound healing activity of asiaticoside [73]. Triterpenicconstituents asiaticoside, asiatic acid andmadecassic acid [74]. Yes
Clerodendrum colebrookianum High blood pressure Used for high blood pressure [75, 76]. Yes
Dioscorea alata Gastritis No relevant report found  
Ficus glomerata Diabetes Hypoglycemic activity in alloxan-induced diabetic rats [77]. Yes
Gynura crepedioides Stomach disorder No relevant report found  
Hedyotis scandens Gastritis No relevant report found  
Leucas aspera Wounds,earache, inflammation Antimicrobial activity [78]. Leucasin and anti-oxidant activity [79]. Partial
Litsea cubeba Eczema, stomach disorder Fungicidal terpenoids and essential oil [80]. Partial
Lindera neesiana Anthelmintic, diarrhoea Essential oil and antimicrobial activity [81]. Partial
Momordica charantia Anthelmintic, diabetes Anti-diabetic activity [82]. Yes
Ocimum sanctum Stomachache, inflammations, wounds Anti-oxidant and wound healing activity [83]. Leaf paste applied on infected skin [84]. Yes
Psidium guajava Diarrhoea, cough Anti-diarrhoea activity [85]. Yes
Punica granatum Stomach ache, diarrhoea Antidiarrhoeal and anti-inflammatory activity [86]. Yes
Pouzolzia bennettiana Stomach disorder No relevant report found  
Plantago major Wounds, inflammations Anti-inflammatory, wound healing, anti-microbial, anti-tumor [87]. Yes
Rhododendron arboreum Dysentery, diarrhoea Quercetin, rutin and coumaric acid [53]. Protective effect against carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity in experimental models [88]. No
Solanum xanthocarpum Dental problem No relevant report found  
Solanum indicum Anthelmintic Cytotoxic and novel compounds [89]. No
Solanum torvum Anthelmintic Anthelmintic activity of botanical extracts [90]. Yes
Saccharum officinarum Jaundice Sugar cane contains phenolic acids, flavonoids and other phenolic compounds [91]. No
Spilanthes oleracea Stop bleeding, gastritis No relevant report found  
Zingiber officinale Cough, Stomachache Antibacterial activity [92]. Partial