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Table 2 Density, TBC (total basal cover), IVI (importance value index) of ethnomedicinal plants

From: Ethnomedicinal and ecological status of plants in Garhwal Himalaya, India

Species Family    Tropical Sub-tropical Temperate
Trees (ha-1)   Ethnomedicinal uses Part used Density TBC IVI Density TBC IVI Density TBC IVI
Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd. Fabaceae digestive purposes, respiratory diseases, diarrhea, dysentery, bronchitis, menstrual disorder W,B 88 2.08 29.22 106 2.40 41.20 - - -
Aegle marmelos (L.) Corrêa Rutaceae digestive disorders F 52 0.74 19.19 88 1.34 34.08 - - -
Cassia fistula L. Fabaceae antiseptic, asthma, respiratory disorder F,B 56 1.068 17.39 - - - - - -
Holarrhena antidysenterica (L.) Wall. ex A. DC. Apocynaceae Dysentery, febrifuge B,L,S 72 1.33 23.63 - - - - - -
Lyonia ovalifolia (Wall.) Drude Ericaceae Wounds, boils S - - - - - - 153 3.55 54.97
Ougeinia oojeinensis Hochr. Fabaceae digestive troubles G 32 0.40 14.69 56 1.24 22.6 - - -
Phyllanthus embelica L. Euphorbiaceae Source of vitamin C F - - - 44 0.81 19.02 - - -
Prunus cerasoides Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Rosaceae Swellings, contusions B - - - - - - 84 1.73 33.76
Pyrus pashia Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Rosaceae digestive disorders F - - - - - - 82 1.75 30.87
Quercus leucotrichophora A. Camus Fagaceae gonorrheal and digestive disorders G - - - - - - 219 5.02 71.14
Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Ericaceae digestive and respiratory disorders F,B - - - - - - 160 4.40 62.19
Terminalia belerica Roxb. Combretaceae Fruit is ingredient of Trifala F 32 1.28 20.34 32 0.74 11.43 - - -
Terminalia chebula Retz. Combretaceae Fruit is ingredient of Trifala F - - - 32 1.34 14.19 - - -
Terminalia tomentosa (Roxb.) Wight &Arn. Combretaceae liver troubles B 24 0.57 15.09 36 1.34 17.34 - - -
Shrubs (ha -1 )             
Adhatoda vasica Nees in Wallich, Pl. Asiat. Rar. Acanthaceae cough, cold, pulmonary affections, bronchitis and fever F,L,T 364 0.041 60.79 394 0.062 36.45 - - -
Berberis asiatica Roxb. Berberidaceae ophthalmic R - - - - - - 275 0.034 77.80
Calotropis procera (Aiton). W.T. Aiton Asclepiadaceae expectorant, cough, cold, asthma R,F 92 0.007 16.96 - - - - - -
Colebrookea oppositifolia Sm. Lamiaceae wounds L 72 0.008 13.48 - - - - - -
Cotoneaster bacillaris Wall. Kurz ex Lindl. Rosaceae scabies and rheumatic arthritis L - - - - - - 72 0.009 26.83
Indigofera gerardiana Wall. ex Baker Fabaceae diarrhea, dysentery and cough. L     252 0.063 29.25 - - -
Leptodermis lanceolata Wall. Rubiaceae migraines B - - - - - - 116 0.011 28.79
Prinsipia utilis Royle Rosaceae rheumatic pains, diarrhea S,B - - - - - - 180 0.042 41.86
Rhus parviflora Roxb. Anacardiaceae Cholera L     284 0.113 36.22 88 0.015 26.49
Woodfordia fructicosa L. Lythraceae febrifuge L     316 0.092 37.33 - - -
Herbs (m 2 )             
Achyranthes aspera L Amaranthaceae malarial fever, delivery, dropsy, bronchitis WP 0.36 0.025 15.33 0.08 0.009 9.08 - - -
Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume Amaranthaceae Diuretic, demulcent. WP 0.37 0.06 25.68 0.12 0.011 9.08 - - -
Ageratum conyzoides L. Asteraceae sores, cuts, skin ailments WP - - - 0.15 0.016 10.11 - - -
Ajuga brachystemon Maxim. Lamiaceae febrifuge L 0.17 0.009 9.88 - - - - - -
Anagallis arvensis L. Primulaceae leprosy, dropsy,cerebral affections WP - - - - - - 0.26 0.004 9.19
Barleria prionitis L. Acanthaceae Cough, cold R,B 0.21 0.004 8.86 0.20 0.006 11.44 - - -
Bidens bipinnata L. Asteraceae Leprosy, cures L 0.17 0.023 11.91 - - - - - -
Boerhavia diffusa L. Nyctaginaceae Asthma, bronchitis, energy tonic WP 0.32 0.007 11.86 0.26 0.007 13.35 - - -
Commelina benghalensis L. Commelinaceae Dysentery, swelling, ache. WP 0.21 0.026 13.12 0.19 0.001 13.51 - - -
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Poaceae fever R 0.42 0.002 11.49 0.25 0.032 21.42 - - -
Cynoglossum glochidiatum Wall. ex Benth. Boraginaceae Dyspepsia, digestive. R 0.19 0.024 13.39 0.28 0.032 21.87 - - -
Desmodium elegans DC. Fabaceae carminatives R 0.20 0.23 11.38 - - - - - -
Euphorbia hirta L. Euphorbiaceae bronchial infection, asthma, warts WP - - - 0.22 0.006 11.96 - - -
Geranium ocellatum Cambess. Geraniaceae liver troubles, fever WP - - - - - - 0.35 0.033 18.76
Imperata cylindrica L. Poaceae tonic R - - - - - - 0.33 0.004 9.18
Launaea asplenifolia Hook. f. Asteraceae diarrhea R - - - - - - 0.35 0.003 11.94
Leucus indica (L.) R. Br. Ex Vatke Lamiaceae Wound, sores L 0.16 0.026 11.05 - - - - - -
Mentha arvensis L. Lamiaceae Vomiting, indigestion WP - - - - - - 0.25 0.031 14.92
Micromeria biflora (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) Benth. Lamiaceae gastroenteritis L - - - 0.45 0.015 17.32 - - -
Origanum vulgare Lamiaceae bronchitis, colic, diarrhea WP 0.27 0.07 24.74 - - - - - -
Oxalis corniculata (DC.) Raeusch Oxalidaceae Cataract, conjunctivitis L 0.33 0.002 11.49 0.025 0.032 21.42 - - -
Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn. Euphorbiaceae astringent, stomachic, diuretic, febrifuge WP 0.42 0.002 14.07 0.22 0.003 10.24 - - -
Pimpinella diversifolia DC. Apiaceae Cough, cold, digestive disorders WP - - - 0.37 0.004 15.13 - - -
Ranunculus sceleratus L. Ranunculaceae Vermifuge, skin disorders WP 0.18 0.004 10.53 - - - - - -
Roylae cinerea (D.Don) Baill. Lamiaceae malarial fever L 0.17 0.014 9.13 - - - - - -
Rumex hastatus D. Don Polygonaceae Cuts, wounds,check bleeding L 0.20 0.03 13.80 0.10 0.005 11.49 - - -
Saponaria vaccaria L. Caryophyllaceae bile complaints WP - - - - - - 0.27 0.005 12.80
Sida acuta Burm.f Malvaceae Demulcent, diuretic, leucorrhoea L, R 0.34 0.054 21.06 - - - - - -
Sida cordifolia L. Malvaceae dyspepsia, astringent, diuretic S,R 0.44 0.101 32.31 0.155 0.004 39.54 - - -
Swertia angustifolia Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don Gentianaceae febrifuge WP - - - - - - 0.23 0.023 14.92
Tridax procumbens L. Asteraceae Wounds, cuts WP 0.39 0.002 13.37 0.34 0.043 27.35 - - -
Vernonia anthelmintica (L) Willd. Asteraceae intestinal disorders, fever, skin ailments WP - - - - - - 0.26 0.053 21.84
Potentilla gerardiana Lindey ex Lehmann Rosaceae wounds R - - - - - - 0.23 0.05 14.9
  1. W = wood; B = Bark; F = Fruit; L = Leaf; S = Seed; G = Gum; F = Flower; T = Twigs; R = Root; WP = Whole Plant