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Table 1 List of wild food plants

From: Ethnobotanical investigation of 'wild' food plants used by rice farmers in Kalasin, Northeast Thailand

Scientific name English transliteration of local (Isaan) name Local (Isaan) name English name
Aizoaceae    
Glinus oppositifolius (L.) Aug.DC. Phak kaen khom  
Amaranthaceae    
Amaranthus viridis L. Phak hom green amaranth, pigweed, slender amaranth
Anacardiaceae    
Mangifera caloneura Kurz Bak muang paa  
Spondias pinnata Kurz Bak kawek common hog plum, Indian mombin, Andaman mombin
Annonaceae    
Polyalthia debilis Finet & Gagnep. Bak lok kok  
Polyalthia evecta Finet & Gagnep. Bak tong leeng  
Uvaria pierrei Finet & Gagnep. Bak pii puwen  
Araceae    
Amorphophallus sp. Phak e-loke  
Araliaceae    
Irvingia malayana Oliver Bak bok barking deer's mango
  Maak bok  
Arecaceae    
Borassus flabellifer L. Bak taan palmyra palm, tala palm, wine palm
  Yod taan  
Calamus sp. Bak waai  
  Waai  
Asclepiadaceae    
Telosma minor Craib Phak kik  
  Dok kik  
  Bak kik  
Basellaceae    
Basella rubra L. Phak pang Ceylon-spinach, Malabar-nightshade, vine-spinach
Bignoniaceae    
Dolichandrone serrulata Seem. Kee paa  
Oroxylum indicum Vent. Phak lin faa midnight horror, oroxylum
  Bak lin faa  
  Yod lin faa  
  Bai lin faa  
Burseraceae    
Canarium subulatum Guillaumin Bak luwam  
Campanulaceae    
Lobelia begonifolia Wall. Phak luem phua  
Lobelia sp. Phak som  
Clusiaceae    
Cratoxylum formosum (Jack) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Dyer Phak tew  
Garcinia cowa Roxb. Phak moong cowa
  Bak moong  
Compositae    
Blumea balsamifera DC. Phak naad  
Emilia sonchifolia (L.) DC. Phak lin pii emilia, sow thistle
Convolvulaceae    
Cuscuta chinensis Lam. Phak mai tong Chinese dodder
Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. Phak bung Chinese water-spinach, swamp morning-glory
Cucurbitaceae    
Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt Phak tam nin ivy gourd, little gourd
  Bak tam nin  
  Tam nin  
Momordica charantia L. Phak sai balsam-apple, bitter gourd, bitter melon
  Bak phak sai  
Ebenaceae    
Diospyros rhodocalyx Kurz Maak koo  
Euphorbiaceae    
Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skeels Bak yom gooseberry-tree, Indian-gooseberry, star-gooseberry
  Yod bak yom  
Fagaceae    
Castanopsis sp. Bak kaaw  
Gnetaceae    
Gnetum sp. Bak muway  
Hydrocharitaceae    
Ottelia alismoides (L.) Pers. Phak hob hep duck-lettuce, water-plantain ottelia
Hydrophyllaceae    
Hydrolea zeylanica (L.) J.Vahl Phak ka-liang Ceylon hydrolea
Lauraceae    
Cassytha filiformis L. Phak mai dodder-laurel
Lecythidaceae    
Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn. Phak kadon naam Indian-oak
  Kadon naam  
Careya arborea Roxb. Phak kadon kok  
  Kadon kok  
Leguminosae    
Adenanthera pavonina L. Phak lam coralwood, red sandalwood-tree
Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Bak tua heea pigeon-pea, red gram
  Tua heea  
Cassia siamea Lam. Phak khee lek kassodtree, Thai cassia, Siamese senna
  Khee lek  
Dialium cochinchinense Pierre Bak keng velvet-tamarind
Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit Phak kased leadtree, white popinac, leucaena
  Bak kased  
  Yod phak kased  
  Kased  
Neptunia javanica Miq. Phak kased kok  
Neptunia oleracea Lour. Phak kased naam water-mimosa
Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. Bak kaam lian blackbead, Manila tamarind, sweet-inga
  Kaam lian  
Senna sophera (L.) Roxb. Phak let ket Kasondi senna
Sindora siamensis Teijsm. ex Miq. Bak tee  
Tamarindus indica L. Bak kaam tamarind
  Bak kaam som  
  Maak kaam  
  Yod kaam  
Xylia xylocarpa Taub. var kerrii (Craib & Hutch) I.C. Nielsen Bak deeng  
  Maak deeng  
Liliaceae    
Asparagus racemosus Willd. Phak shi shang Indian asparagus
  Shi shang  
Limnocharitaceae    
Limnocharis flava Buchenau Phak kanjong sawah-flower rush, sawah-lettuce, velvetleaf
  Bak kanjong  
  Phak pai  
Marsileaceae    
Marsilea crenata C.Presl Phak waen pepperwort, water clover
Meliaceae    
Azadirachta indica A.Juss. var. indica Phak ki nin sadao India
Azadirachta indica A.Juss. var. siamensis Valeton Phak kadaw sweet neem, Thai neem
  Yod kadaw  
  Yod phak kadaw  
Menispermaceae    
Cissampelos pareira L. Bai maa noi velvetleaf
  Maa noi  
Tiliacora triandra Diels Yaa nang  
  Bai yaa nang  
Menyanthaceae    
Nymphoides indica (L.) Kuntze Phak kanong ma banana-plant, water-snowflake
Moraceae    
Artocarpus lacucha Roxb. Bak haad monkey-jack, monkeyfruit
  Maak haad  
Myrtaceae    
Psidium guajava L. Bak sidaa noi guava
Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels Bak waa jambolan, Java-plum, Malabar-plum
Syzygium gratum (Wight) S.N.Mitra Phak mek  
  Maak mek  
Nymphaeaceae    
Nymphaea pubescens Willd. Phak sai bua red water-lily
  Sai bua  
Onagraceae    
Ludwigia adscendens (L.) H.Hara Phak phee phui water-primrose
Opiliaceae    
Melientha suavis Pierre Phak waan paa melientha
Passifloraceae    
Adenia viridiflora Craib Bak saap  
  Phak saap  
Passiflora foetida L. Tam nin farang running pop, stinking passionflower, wild water-lemon
Poaceae    
Bambusa sp. Naw mai phai huwak  
Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss Naw mai phai paa giant thorny bamboo, spiny bamboo
Vietnamosasa ciliata (A.Camus) T.Q.Nguyen Naw jood  
Pontederiaceae    
Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms Phak katok water-hyacinth
  Phak paud  
Monochoria hastata (L.) Solms Phak top arrow-leaf monochoria, hastate-leaf-pondweed
  Phak top thai  
Monochoria vaginalis C.Presl Phak e-hin oval-leaf monochoria, pickerel-weed
Rhamnaceae    
Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Bak tan noi Indian jujube, Indian plum, Sour jujube
Ziziphus oenoplia (L.) Mill. Bak lep meuw jackal jujube, small-fruited jujube, wild jujube
  Maak lep meuw  
Rubiaceae    
Oxyceros horridus Lour. Bai kat kaaw  
Rothmannia wittii (Craib) Bremek. Bak maaw  
Rutaceae    
Aegle marmelos Corrêa Bak tuum bael, belfruit-tree, golden-apple
  Maak tuum  
  Yod maak tuum  
Sapindaceae    
Lepisanthes rubiginosa (Roxb.) Leenh. Bak huat kaa rusty sapindus
Nephelium hypoleucum Kurz Bak ngeuw  
  Maak ngeuw  
Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Oken Bak kawe Ceylon-oak, lactree
  Luk kawe  
  Maak kawe  
Scrophulariaceae    
Limnophila aromatica Merr. Phak kayang swampleaf
Umbelliferae    
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. Phak nok Asiatic pennywort, pennyweed, sheep-rot
Oenanthe javanica DC. Phak shi naam Chinese-celery, Indian pennywort, water-celery
Zingiberaceae    
Alpinia malaccensis C.Presl Kaa paa  
Curcuma singularis Gagnep. Dok ka-jeeuw  
Curcuma sp. Dok waun  
Zygnemataceae    
Spirogyra sp. Taw  
Unidentified    
sp. 1 Phak muad  
sp. 2 Phak pe  
  1. Botanical family, scientific name, local Isaan name(s), English transliteration of local Isaan name(s) and English name(s).