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Table 3 Barriers to the inclusion of TEK in school on Malekula

From: Perceptions of the value of traditional ecological knowledge to formal school curricula: opportunities and challenges from Malekula Island, Vanuatu

Barriers to the inclusion of TEK in school Support from TEK experts (n = 27) Support from teacher (n = 12) Support from officials (n = 10)
Practical barriers    
   Characteristics of formal school model    
Inexpert teachers 12 5 2
Lack of time in curriculum 5 10 6
Lack of political support 4 6 7
   Characteristics of TEK    
Increasing transmission of 'bad' kastom 9 0 2
Payment and availability of resource people 10 0 0
Lack of community support/ability 11 4 1
Linguistic/cultural diversity 3 7 4
Epistemological barriers    
   Mode of knowledge transmission 9 5 6
   Transmission of underlying values 4 4 4
   Different knowledge systems 6 2 3