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Table 2 Percentage of mentions of each descriptor by respondent group as a portion of that groups total mentions and results of the Fisher exact test applied to number of mentions by informant group.

From: From novice to expert: agroecological competences of children orphaned by AIDS compared to non-orphans in Benin

  Descriptors
Respondents groups
N = 77
Kind of pest Morphology/locomotion Form attributes Agronomic aspects Pest management Utility Functional attributes Total
     Habitat/ecology Generic damages Specific damages to maize Specific damages to cowpea     
One parent orphans vs. double orphans
Orphans with own parent 6 8 14 7 17 21 20 7 14 86 100
Double orphans 5 15 20 5 23 15 23 0 10 80 100
Fisher exact test
(p-value) b
0.13 0.14 0.09 0.33 0.18 0.14 0.15 0.05* 0.34 0.09  
One parent orphans vs. non orphans
Orphans with own parent 6 8 14 7 17 21 20 7 14 86 100
Non orphans 0 6 6 3 31 31 29 0 0 94 100
Fisher exact test
(p-value)
0.13 0.04* 0.02* 0.19 0.13 0.02* 0.15 0.24 0.22 0.02*  
Double orphans vs. non orphans
Double orphans 5 15 20 5 23 15 28 0 10 80 100
Non orphans 0 6 6 3 31 31 29 0 0 94 100
Fisher exact test
(p-value)
0.26 0.11 0.02* 0.41 0.27 0.05* 0.5 n.d c 0.32 0.02*  
  Descriptors
  Kind of pest Morphology/locomotion Form attributes Agronomic aspects Pest manage-ment Utility Functional attributes Total
     Habitat/ecology Generic damages Specific damages to maize Specific damages to cowpea     
Overall effect of AIDS affection among the children: orphans vs. non orphans
Orphans 6 11 17 6 18 18 23 5 13 83 100
Non orphans 0 6 6 3 31 31 29 0 0 94 100
Fisher exact test
(p-value)
0.13 0.17 0.04* 0.29 0.05* 0.05* 0.03 0.18 0.25 0.02*  
Effect of AIDS affection within generation: children vs. adults
Children 5 10 15 5 21 21 24 4 10 85 100
Adults 3 11 14 8 24 22 29 3 0 86 100
Fisher exact test
(p-value)
0.27 0.37 0.43 0.29 0.21 0.25 0.21 0.32 0.32 0.48  
  1. a = % of mentions of each type of descriptor out of total mentions by respondent group; b = Fischer exact test significance level as: *p = ≤0.05; c = there is no difference.