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Table 1 Medicinal plants used for treating human diseases in villages around Kimboza forest reserve

From: Ethnomedicinal study of plants used in villages around Kimboza forest reserve in Morogoro, Tanzania

Family/Botanical name Local name Habitat/Source Part
used
Health problems cured Methods of preparation Administration route Voucher No.
Acanthaceae        
   Justicia heterocarpa L. Mwidu Wild or Cultivated Roots, Leaves Snake bite Crushed or pounded Oral EA031
Alliaceae        
   Allium ascalonium L. Kitunguu saumu Cultivated Roots, Leaves Antifungal, Child fever Decoction Oral EA040
Allium sativum L. Kitunguu maji Cultivated Leaves Fever, Cough, Asthma,
Malaria, Hypertension
Concoction Oral EA017
Anacardiaceae        
Sorindeia madagascariensis DC. Mpilipili Wild Leaves Wound Crushed or pounded Topical EA021
Mangifera indica L. Mwembe Cultivated Leaves, Bark,
Roots
Malaria,Diarrhea, Hypertension, Asthma, Cough Decoction Oral EA025
Annonaceae        
   Annona senegalensis Pers. Mtopetope Wild Roots
Leaves
Eye ache, Wound Crushed or pounded Topical EA035
Apocynaceae        
   Landolphia buchananii P.Beauv. Luziwana Wild Roots Stomach ache, Diarrhea, Hernia Decoction Oral EA022
Asteraceae        
   Vernonia iodocalyx O. Hoffm. Kitugutu Wild Bark
leaves
Stomach ache, Diarrhea, Head ache Crushed or pounded Oral EA010
   Helichrysum schimperi (Sch. Bip. ex A. Rich.) Moeser Lweza Wild Roots Stomach ache, Diarrhea, Decoction Oral EA013
   Vernonia hymenolepis A. Rich. Msungu Wild Roots, Leaves Fever, Diarrhea, Hernia, Spleen enlargement. Decoction Oral EA006
Crassocephalum
Montuosum (S.Moore) Milne-Redh.
Nyaluganza Wild Bark Ear ache, Head ache, burn Crushed or pounded Oral EA004
   Bidens pilosa L. Nyaweza Wild, Cultivated Bark Wound, Spleen enlargement Decoction Topical EA003
   Sonchus pinnatifidus L. Sungasunga Wild Roots,
Leaves
Stomachache, Headache. Decoction Oral EA032
   Helianthus annus L. Ufuta Cultivated Leaves Chest pain, Asthma Concoction Oral EA002
Asphodelaceae        
Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f. Mlovera Cultivated Leaves Skin diseases, Wounds Crushed or pounded Topical EA041
Bignoniaceae        
Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. Mwegea Wild Bark, Leaves,
Fruits
Skin diseases, Venereal diseases, Fever, Crushed or pounded Oral EA026
Bombacaceae        
   Adansonia digitata L. Mbuyu Wild Roots Hernia Decoction Oral EA018
Bombax rhodognaphalon L. Msufipori Wild Leaves Stomach ache Decoction Topical EA024
Caricaceae        
   Carica papaya L. Mpapai Cultivated Roots, Leaves Tooth ache, Stomach-ache. Decoction Oral EA015
Combretaceae        
Cobretum molle R.Br. ex G.Don. Mlamweusi Wild Roots, Leaves Wounds, Cough, Malaria Decoction Oral EA012
Terminalia sericea L. Mpululu Wild Leaves,
Roots
Antifungal treatment Crushed and pounded Topical EA053
Cucurbitaceae        
   Momordica foetida L. Huluhundu Cultivated Leaves Malaria, Ear ache, Head ache, Decoction Oral EA048
   Cucurbita moschata Duchesne. Maboga Cultivated Roots Expulsion of placenta Infusion Oral EA042
Euphorbiaceae        
   Acalypha fruticosa Forssk. Kifulwe Wild Leaves Diarrhea Decoction Oral EA028
   Jatropha curcas L. Mbono Wild Leaves Seeds Wound, Scabies Crushed and pounded Topical EA034
Fluggea virosa Willd. Mkalananga Wild Leaves Stomach ache, Diarrhea, Hernia, Spleen enlargement Infusion Oral EA029
   Manihot esculenta Crantz. Mhogo Cultivated Leaves Stomach ache Infusion Oral EA043
   Suregada zanzibariensis Roxb. ex Rottler. Mndimu pori Wild Roots Malaria, Fever Decoction Oral EA050
   Ricinus communis L. Mnyonyo Wild Leaves Rheumatism, Wound Crushed and pounded Topical EA055
   Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baill. Msumba Wild Bark
Leaves
Rheumatism, Hernia, Stomach ache, Spleen enlargement, Skin eruption, Insecticide Decoction Oral EA036
Euphorbia nyikae Pax ex Engl. Mngwede Wild Leaves Wound Crushed and pounded Topical EA044
Fabaceae        
   Cassia mimosoides L. Lusangalala Wild Roots
Bark
Mental illness, Asthma, Severe cough Decoction Oral EA056
   Senna petersiana (Bolle) Lock. Mkunde Wild Roots
Leaves
Skin diseases, Inflammation
Backache, Stomach ache, Skin eruption
Infusion Oral EA054
   Senna hirsuta (L.) Irwin & Barneby. Mwambalasimba Wild Leaves Pneumonia, Hernia, Stomach ache, Head ache Decoction Oral EA052
   Brachystegia spiciformis Benth. Mzinghawa nyika Wild Roots Ear ache, Child fever. Infusion Oral EA061
   Albizia versicola Welw. ex Oliv. Mkenge maji Wild Roots
Bark
Skin diseases, Boils Crushed or pounded Topical EA057
   Albizia petersiana Oliv. Mkenge poli Wild Leaves
Bark
Skin diseases Crushed or pounded Topical EA063
   Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC Bumu Wild Roots Male fertility Infusion Oral EA066
   Tephrosia vogelii Hook.f. Kitupa Wild Bark Insecticide Crushed or pounded Topical EA068
   Abrus precatorius L. Lufambo Wild Roots Eye inflammation, Diarrhea, Women fertility Decoction Oral EA078
   Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Mbaazi Cultivated Leaves Diarrhea. Crushed or pounded Oral EA071
   Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Mkunde Cultivated Roots
Leaves
Chest pain, Cough, Abscess, Hernia Infusion Oral EA062
   Pterocarpus angolensis DC. Mninga Wild Bark Hernia Decoction Oral EA064
Lamiaceae        
Satureja biflora (Buch.- Ham.ex D.Don) Briq. Luparalwa mlungu Wild Leaves Mental illness Infusion Oral EA011
   Ocimum suave Willd. Mnung'ha Wild Bark Malaria, Stomach ache, Decoction Oral EA001
Lauraceae        
   Ocotea usambarensis Engl. Mseli Wild Roots
Bark
Stomach ache, Fever, Malaria, Hernia, Sprit Infusion Oral EA009
Malvaceae        
   Hibiscus surattensis L. Lumotomoto Wild Cultivated Leaves Wound,
Abscess, Gonorrhea
Crushed or pounded Topical EA059
   Hibiscus fuscus Garcke Luswagamene Wild Roots Rheumatism, Mental illness. Concoction Oral EA043
Melastomataceae        
   Dissotis rotundifolia (Sm.) Triana. Kinzasu Wild Roots, Leaves Wound, Asthma, Boil, Abscess
Diarrhea, Gonorrhea
Crushed or pounded;
Decoction
Topical;
Oral
EA039
Meliaceae        
   Khaya anthotheca (Welw.) C. DC Mkangazi Wild Bark
Leaves
Malaria, Bilharzias, Gonorrhea Concoction Oral EA067
   Azadirachta indica A. Juss. Mwarobaini Cultivated Leaves, Bark, Seeds Head ache, Back ache, Malaria, Fever, Stomach-ache, Insecticide Decoction Oral EA080
Cedrella odorata L. Mwerezi Wild Leaves
Bark
Menstrual cycle and Women fertility Infusion Oral EA079
Moraceae        
   Ficus altissima Blume. Mvira Wild Bark
Leaves
Diarrhoea, Stomach-ache, Concoction Oral EA077
Ficus asperifolia Hook. ex Steud. Mkoya Wild Roots
Leaves
Wounds Crushed or pounded Topical EA075
Ficus exasperata Valh Msasa Wild Roots
Leaves
Bark
Hypertension, Scabies, Stomach disorders, Gonorrhoea, Diarrhea Decoction Oral EA073
   Ficus stuhlmanii Warb. Foza/Mtamba Wild Bark Stomach tumor Infusion Oral EA069
   Ficus sycomorus L. Mkuyu Wild Bark Menstrual cycle,
Women fertility
Infusion Oral EA067
   Milicia excelsa (Welw.) C.C Berg. Mvule Wild Roots Wound Crushed or pounded Topical EA082
   Antiaris toxicaria Lesch. Mbila Wild Leaves
Bark
Skin diseases, Insecticide. Crushed or pounded Topical EA088
Moringaceae        
   Moringa oleifera Lam. Mlonge Cultivated Leaves
Bark
Seeds
Roots
Skin diseases, headache, [Detoxification, Rheumatism, inflammation Decoction or
Infusion
Oral EA097
Myrtaceae        
   Eucalyptus maidenii Labill. Mmaidini Wild Cultivated Bark Chest pain, Cough Decoction Oral EA087
   Psidium guajava L. Mpera Cultivated Leaves Diarrhea, Stomach ache Infusion Oral EA085
Poaceae        
   Zea mays L. Mahindi Cultivated Roots Bedwetting Decoction Oral EA091
   Saccharum officinarum L. Muwa Cultivated Roots Bilharzias, Detoxifying kidneys Decoction Oral EA101
Podocarpaceae        
   Podocarpus latifolius (Thunb.) R.Br. ex Mirb. Mnyanziri Wild Roots Hernia Decoction Oral EA99
Rosaceae        
   Rubus pinnatus Willd Lufifi Wild Leaves Menstrual cycle, Infusion Oral EA093
   Prunus americana Marshall. Mpisi Wild Bark Stomach ache Crushing and water Oral EA090
Rubiaceae        
   Multidentia fanshwei (Tennant) Bridson. Degedege Wild Roots Child fever Decoction Oral EA095
   Rytigynia lichenixenos (K.Schum.) Robyns. Mhambalamaziwa Wild Seeds
Roots
Hernia Decoction Oral EA092
   Vangueria infausta Burch. Mviru Wild Seeds Pneumonia, Menstrual cycle, Infusion Oral EA084
   Rytigynia uhligii (K.Schum. & K.Krause) Verdc. Msanangare Wild Seeds Hernia Decoction Oral EA099
   Chassalia parvifolia K. Schum. Mguhu Wild Bark Hernia, Chest pain, Malaria, Concoction Oral EA102
   Catunaregum spinosa (Thunb.) Mtutuma Wild Leaves Skin diseases Crushed or pounded Topic EA104
Rutaceae        
   Citrus limon (L.) Burm.f. Mlimau Cultivated Roots Stomach ache Decoction Oral EA103
Zanthoxylum deremense
(Engl.)
Mlungulungu Wild Fruits Stomach ache, Child fever Decoction Oral EA100
   Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle. Mndimu Cultivated Roots Gonorrheal, Diarrhea, Decoction Oral EA117
Solanaceae        
   Lycopersicum esculentum Mill. Mnyanya Cultivated Roots, Leaves Stomach ache Concoction Oral EA105
   Solanum incanum L. Mtula Wild Cultivated Leaves Cough, Vomit. Concoction Oral EA107
   Capsicum frutescens L. Pilipililukwale Cultivated Roots,
Bark
Wound Crushed or pounded Topical EA110
   Nicotiana tabacum L. Tumbaku Cultivated Fruits Hernia Decoction Oral EA106
Zingiberaceae        
   Zingiber officinale Roscoe. Tangawizi Cultivated Roots Cough Decoction Oral EA111