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Table 1 Major characteristics of the study area

From: Diversity of use and local knowledge of wild edible plant resources in Nepal

District Village(s) Nearest Trade Centers Climate and Physiography [from [28]] Ecoregions and Vegetation [from [29]] Major Ethnic Group(s) Major Occupations
Bardiya (Mid-western development region) Khata, Bagnaha, Bipatpur, Dhodari, Dhanoura, Neulapur, Suryapatuwa, Amarpur Gulariya, Rajapur, Nepalgunj Subtropical Monsoon Climate, Terai and Siwalik Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands, Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests, Himalayan subtropical pine forests Tharu, Magar, migrated Bramin and Chettri Agriculture, labor work in nearby cities and India, public service
Dang (Mid-western development region) Chaite, Machchital, Singe, Laththahawa, Kohali Lamahi, Ghorahi Subtropical Monsoon Climate, Terai and Siwalik Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands, Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests, Himalayan subtropical pine forests Bramin, Chettri Agriculture, labor work in nearby cities and India, public service
Kailali (Far-western development region) Shankarpur, Gounahiya Dhangadi, Gauriphanta (India) Subtropical Monsoon Climate, Terai and Siwalik Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands, Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests, Himalayan subtropical pine forests Tharu, Raji Agriculture, labor work in nearby cities and India
Makwanpur (Central development region) Twanrakhola Hetauda, Birjung, Narayanghat Subtropical-Temperate Monsoon Climate, Siwalik and Mid-Hills Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands, Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests, Himalayan subtropical pine forests, Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forest Bankariya WEP harvesting, labor work in the nearby village and city
Tanahun (Western development region) Patan, Jamune, Toonipul, Geruwatar, Bhimad Damauli, Bhimad, Pokhara, Narayanghat Subtropical- Temperate Monsoon Climate, Mid-Hills Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests, Himalayan subtropical pine forests Magar, Chettri Agriculture, labor work in nearby cities and India, public service