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Table 3 Different ailments of study area grouped under different ailment categories with their biomedical terms and factor of informants’ consensus

From: An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in Terai forest of western Nepal

Ailment categories Biomedical terms 1NTAXA 2NUR 3FIC
Gastro-intestinal disorders Constipation, Diarrhoea, Dysentery, Nausea, Indigestion, Vomiting, Stomach-ache, Gastric trouble, Loss of appetite, Intestinal worms, colic pain, Flatulence, piles 41 836 0.95
Dermatological disorders and cosmetics Cut, Wounds, Boils, Pimples, Skin rushes, Ringworm, Scabies, Leprosy, Skin burns, Skin blemishes, Ecto-parasites, Skin diseases, Hair problems, Body Inflammation 34 591 o.94
Respiratory diseases Common cold, cough, asthma, Bronchitis, Chest pain, Lung disorders 13 235 0.94
Fevers Ordinary fever, diaphoretic Malaria, Typhoid, 11 213 0.95
Ureno-genital problems Sexual debility, Infertility, Leucorrhoea, Gonorrhoea, Menstrual disorders, Frequent urination, Diuretic, aphrodisiac 14 190 0.93
Ear, Nose, Throat problems Earache, Throat shore, Nose bleeding, Sinusitis 12 205 0.94
Oral and dental disorders Toothache, Mouth shore, 8 141 0.95
Mental disorders Mental tonic, memory tonic, Epilepsy 4 44 0.93
Skelto-muscular pain and swelling Body ache, muscular pain, Sprain, Strain, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Head ache, Joint pain, swelling 16 245 0.93
Cardio-vascular disorder Cardiac, blood pressure 2 35 97
Other Fracture, Tonic, Lactation, Easy delivery, Tumour, Diabetes, Cooling agent, stimulant and Eye problems 20 414 0.95
Total   175 4 3149 0.94
  1. 1NUR = number of use report in a particular illness category and
  2. 2NTAXA = number of taxa used to treat that particular category by informants.
  3. 3FIC= Factor of informants consensus = NUR – NTAXA/(NUR-1), value of FIC ranges from 0 to 1, high value shows agreement and low value shows disagreement among informants about the uses of taxa for the treatment of particular ailment category.
  4. 4 Many plants are used for more than one ailment category.