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Table 4 Symptoms of the diseases given by the tribes in terai forest of western Nepal and their equivalent bio-medical terms

From: An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in Terai forest of western Nepal

Ailment categories Bio-medical terms Local terms
Gastro-intestinal disorders Constipation Kabjiyat hunu/Pet safa na hune
  Diarrhoea Pani jasto patlo dish hune
  Dysentery Aau pareko
  Nausea Kamjori hune wak-wak lagne
  Indigestion Khana apach hune
  Vomiting Banta/Ulti hune
  Stomachache Pet dukhne
  Gastric trouble Pet dhadiyeko
  Loss of appetite Khana ruchi na lagne/Bhok na lagne
  Intestinal worms Pet ma juka parnu
  Colic pain Tallo pet dukhne
  Flatulence Bayu gola le pet dukhne
  Piles Disha garne thaun ma mashu palaune
Dermatological disorders & cosmetics Cuts Katiyeko
  Wounds Ghau
  Boils Pilo, Khatira
  Pimples Dandiphore
  Skin rushes Chhala ma chilaune, rato dana hune
  Ringworm Daad hune, Chhala ko rog
  Scabies Luto, Kanaune rog, Khujali hune
  Leprosy Kushta rog
  Skin burns Ghamle chhala dadeko
  Skin blemishes Chhala ma hune rog
  Ecto-parasites Jumra parnu, juka lagnu
  Skin diseases Charma rog
  Hair problems Rauko rog, Kapal ko samsya
  Body inflammation Sarir sunnine ra polne
Respiratory diseases & Fever Common cold Chiso lageko
  Cough Khoki lageko
  Asthma Dam rog bhayeko, Swash phulne rog
  Bronchitis Ghanti ko rog
  Chest pain Chhati Dukheho
  Lung disorders Fokswo ko rog
  Ordinary fever Samanaya rog
  Diaphoretic Pasina bagaune rog
  Malaria Aulo Jwaro
  Typhoid Miyadi Jwaro
Ureno-genital disorders Sexual debility Saririk Kamjori
  Infertility Youn Durbalta
  Leucorrhoea Swet Pradar/Yoni bat seto pani bagne
  Gonorrhoea Yoni bat ganaune pani jasto aaune/Estree haru ma youn rog
  Menstrual disorders Nachune huda ko rog/Mahinwari huda lagne rog
  Frequent urination Pishab aayee rakhne
  Diuretic Pishab kholne
  Aphrodisiac Youn bardhak/Youn ko tagat
Ear, Nose, Throat problems Earache Kan dukhne
  Throat sore Ghanti baseko
  Nose bleeding Nak bat ragat bagne
  Sinusitis Pinas bhayeko
Oral & Dental disorders Toothache Dant Dukheko
  Mouth sore Mukhma ghau, dana hune
Mental disorders Mental tonic Buddhi badhaune aushadhi
  Memory tonic Smaranshakti badhaune aushadhi
  Epilepsy Chhare rog/Mirgi rog
Skeleto-muscular pain & swelling Body-ache Jiu dukheko
  Muscular pain Manspeshi haru dukheko
  Sprain Markeko
  Strain Tanaw bhayeko
  Rheumatism Baath bhayeko
  Arthritis Jorni dukheko
  Headache Tauko dukheko
  Joint pain Jorniharu dukheko
  Swelling Sunniyeko
Cardiovascular disorders Cardiac tonic Mutu lai tagat dine aushadhi
  Blood pressure Rakta chaap bhayeko
Others Fracture Haadi bhachiyeko
  Tonic Tagat dine aushadhi
  Lactation Dudh badhaune
  Easy delivery Sajilai sutkeri garaune
  Tumour Mashu badheko
  Diabetes Chinirog/Madhumeh bhayeko
  Cooling agent Shitalta dine aushadhi
  Stimulant Uttejana badhaune aushadhi
  Eye problems Aankh ko rog