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Table 2 Plant Medicines Identified Based on Plant Medicines Use Index

From: Local knowledge and socio-economic determinants of traditional medicines' utilization in livestock health management in Southwest Nigeria

No. Plant Medicine Practice PMs Scores PMUI
   FU OU RU ANU NA  
1 Deworming of livestock through extract of tender shoots of pineapple plant (Ananas comosus). 42   10 10 8 468
2 Ground garlic and ginger mixed with palm oil for curing cough. 44 36 10 26 4 450
3 Feeding the juice of old sugarcane (last season's crop) as a cure for cessation of urination. 40 38 20 12 10 446
4 Treatment of sleeplessness with extract from goat weed (Ageratum conyzoides) leaves sprinkled with chewed alligator pepper. 40 48 8 8 8 440
5 Feeding raw ginger mixed with table salt to cure constipation. 40 30 26 8 16 430
6 Control of body lice through application of leaf extract of bullock's heart (Annona recticulata). 32 40 26 6 16 426
7 Use of root and stem extract of snakewort in stimulating uterine contraction and parturition in pregnant animals. 40 21 30 18 11 421
8 Use of snakewort (Aristolocia bracteata) leaf extract as antidote to snake poison, scorpion bite and antihelmintic. 29 40 20 20 11 416
9 Use of extract of cashew tender roots in curing persistent cough. 30 40 21 10 19 412
10 Use of Euphorbia hirta leaves in the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery. 26 36 28 20 10 408
11 Treatment of physical weakness by feeding raw ginger and molasses paste to an animal once daily. 40 35 12 20 13 394
12 Use of Euphorbia hirta leaves pounded and mixed with water as cure for constipation. 30 22 29 20 19 384
13 Feeding gur (juice of sugarcane in crystallized form) to cure cessation of urination. 29 16 36 24 15 380
14 Feeding of gum of tamarind and banana together with straw to improve lactation on first delivery. 21 37 19 26 17 379
15 Application of extract of wide cucumber (Mormodica charalia) as purgative and antidote to some gastro-intestinal disorders. 24 26 31 22 17 378
16 Use of dog's liver plant (Kelanchoe crenata) leaf extract in treating general debility and stiffness of joints. 18 31 36 20 15 377
17 An infusion of hairy spurge or Australian asthma herb (Euphorbia hirta) given to animals for increased lactation. 17 38 25 24 16 376
18 Use of the root and bark of Radish plant (Moringa pterygosperma) in treatment of fever and mouth sores. 17 31 34 26 12 375
19 Application of ground seeds of wild cucumber in treatment of jaundice. 26 19 28 37 10 374
20 Cultivation of Ocimum gratissimum and Cymbopogon citrates round livestock houses to serve as repellents to insects. 26 31 20 14 29 371
21 Crushed back of Wild Oliver applied to sores of domestic animals. 20 26 32 19 23 361
22 Use of Ocimum gratissimum leaf and whole plant part in treatment of diarrhoea. The animal drinks the cold infusion extract twice daily. 16 20 40 36 8 360
23 An infusion of crushed fruit of wild Oliver given to animals to cure "bloody diarrhoea". 18 24 30 32 16 356
24 Curing loose motion through feeding of leaves of Musa acuminata mixed with the ash of dried walnut. 12 28 41 20 19 354
25 Use of Ageratum conyzoides in dressing sores and wounds. 18 27 29 18 28 349
26 Use of mustard oil paste to cure gingivitis. 16 24 32 28 20 348
27 Using a paste of lime juice, butter and few seeds (10-12) of black pepper to cure asthma/anorexia. 16 28 14 32 29 339
28 Curing digestive troubles through feeding of rashun, lime juice and butter wrapped in banana leaves 11 28 40 10 31 338
29 Applying few drops of juice of immature Leucus aspera mixed with table salt at the corner of the eyes to cure cessation of defecation 14 26 30 22 28 336
30 Extract of roots of wild Oliver (Ximenia americana) with that of Annona senegalensis or Annona. chrysophylla in the treatment of sleeping sickness. 10 28 31 29 22 335
31 Coating the area of pain with molasses and ash of Harrisonia abyssiniea to cure haemorrhagic septicemia. 22 12 30 30 26 334
32 Pouring of raw mustard oil through the nostril of an animal to stimulate appetite. 18 22 31 12 37 332
33 Curing bloat through dilution of dusts of turmeric in indigenous smoking pipe and feeding it to the animal. 14 26 24 21 32 320
34 Application of Solanum nodiflorum wrapped in banana leaves and heated in hot ash. The juice is squeezed on to the sore and applied twice daily. 26 30 31 23 10 299
35 Use of aqeous leaf extract of Hagenia abyssinica and Mollugo hirta as anthelmintic in vitro. 16 14 24 20 46 294
  1. NB: FU = frequently used, OU = occasionally used, RU = rarely used, ANU = aware but not used, NA = Not aware