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Table 1 Wild food plants (WFPs) gathered and consumed under the traffic light metaphor in Konso, Ethiopia

From: Assessing the levels of food shortage using the traffic light metaphor by analyzing the gathering and consumption of wild food plants, crop parts and crop residues in Konso, Ethiopia

WFPs parts gathered and consumed under the red household food situation (mainly based on consumption by adults)
No. WFPs Scientific name Part(s) Remarks
1 Dhahanata Cucumis dipsaceus Spach. Leaves  
2 Hakala koyra Erucastrum pachypodum (Chiov.) Jonsell Leaves Wild cabbage
3 Hanqarara Senna singueana(Delile) Lock Leaves  
4 Liltota Arisaema flavum (Forssk.) Schott Leaves Thorny
5 Teyla Brassica napus L. Leaves If eaten alone frequently
6 Dhashandhashata Plant species not confirmed Fruits Fruits are with very little flesh
7 Ikayteta Plant species not confirmed Fruits Consumed like juice
8 Kahelta Psydrax schimperiana A. Rich. Bridson Fruits Tiny fruits and the plant is rare
9 Manqoraya Rhus sp. (Anacardiaceae) Fruits Paralyzes teeth when consumed
10 Heriya Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl. Seeds Eaten roasted
11 Achacha (wild/false millet) Elusine sp. (Poaceae) Grains Never eaten alone even in bad times
12 Yetota (wild sorghum) Sorghum arundinaceum (Desv.) Stapf Grains Shatters very easily; kept for bad times
13 Karsata Dobera glabra (Forssk.) Juss. ex Poir. Kernels Rock-hard kernels, long hour boiling
14 Hakata Plant species not confirmed Roots Adults only in bad times
15 Heqayata Cyperus bulbosus Vahl Roots  
16 Kullayya sakkarra Vatovaea sp. (Fabaceae) Roots  
17 Kuritata Dorstenia barnimiana Schweinf. Roots  
18 Napa arpa Plant species not confirmed Roots  
19 Tombolasha Tacazzea sp. (Asclepiadaceae) Roots Fresh or cooked; watery
20 Pakanna (Qachama) Amorphophallus gomboczianus Pic. Serm Tubers (mature) Very irritating taste (never eaten alone)
21   Tubers (immature)  
22    Tubers (fresh) Needs adequate desiccation before processing it to food
23 Inkutayata Boletus sp. (Boletaceae) Shoots Rare; some poisonous, prudently collected
24   Agaricus campestris L. Shoots  
25 Maraeta (Qitqita) Portulaca sp. (Portulacaceae) Whole plant Frequent consumption will induce diarrhea
WFPs parts gathered and consumed under the amber household food situation
26 Honona Justice flava (Vahl) Vahl Leaves Only available during wet times
27 Ifayata Ocimum sanctumL. Leaves/shoot Spice, but in food shortage times eaten as a cabbage
28 Isatta Kedrostis pseudogijef (Gilg) C. Jeffrey Leaves Normally used as medicine, but as food in bad time
29 Katata Commiphora kataf (Forssk.) Engl. Leaves Boiled and drunk like coffee
30 Qannatata Pouzolzia parasitica Schweinf. Leaves Boiled; tasteless
31 Rasuta Amaranthus graecizans L. Leaves Frequent intake without other foods induces diarrhea
32 Chalanchalota/Hepata Flueggea leucopyrus Willd. Fruits It is always eaten fresh/raw
33 Chaqalesa Grewia erythraea Schweinf. Fruits Adults only in bad times
34   Grewia ferruginea Hochst. ex A. Rich. Fruits  
35 Gnarqeta Plant species not confirmed Fruits  
36 Hakala Brassica sp. (Cruciferae) Fruits  
37 Hotarta Plant species not confirmed Fruits  
38 Kabutayta Rhus natalensis Bernh. ex Krauss Fruits (dried) Kernel is hard and always discarded
39 Kombolta/Babalota/Qulqualeta Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. Fruits Thorns are tiniest and very dangerous if entering into eyes
40 Liya Ficus platyphylla Del. Fruits  
41 Luqata sigmama Cadaba farinosa Forssk. Fruits Roots have medicinal value for animal diseases; if eaten by adults it shows food stress
42 Maqayta Euclea racemosa subsp. schimperi (A. DC.) F. White Fruits  
43   Euclea divinorum Hiern Fruits  
44 Marka Plant species not confirmed Fruits  
45 Mudhukanta Vangueria madagascariensis J.F. Gmel. Fruits  
46 Pa-ata (Ye bereha lomi) Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst. Fruits  
47 Porporissa Ehretia cymosa Thonn. Fruits Tiny, less tasty
48 Punita purkaya Lantana trifolia L. Fruits “False coffee”; fruits are small
49 Qignfirta Combretum aculeatum Vent. Fruits Available in lowlands
50 Timpliqisha Vangueria apiculata K. Schum. Fruits  
51 Tinayta Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq. Fruits  
52 Korahiteta Plant species not confirmed Roots  
53 Oritata Lannea sp. (Anacardiaceae) Roots  
54 Qahata Commiphora terebinthina Vollesen Roots Medicinal value in delivery
55    Bark Smells bad
WFPs gathered and consumed even under the green household food situation
56 Akaketa Plant species not confirmed Leaves  
57 Arjohela Plant species not confirmed Leaves  
58 Hankalta Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile Leaves/
tendril
Succulent, bitter
59 Hankolayta Launaea intybacea (Jacq.) Beauv. Leaves Available during times of food shortage/wet times
60   L. taraxacifolia (Willd.) Amin Leaves  
61 Kasha Plant species not confirmed Leaves  
62 Kepata Plant species not confirmed Leaves  
63 Khayla Leptadenia hastata (Pers.) Decne Leaves Invasive weed, like cabbage
64 Kugnarata Lablab purpureus L. Leaves  
65 Masara Vatovaea sp. (Papilionaceae) Leaves  
66 Moqorqorsa/Moroqroqsa Oxygonum sinuatum (Hochst. & Steud. ex Meisn.) Dammer Leaves Available during times of food shortage/wet times
67 Okalata Dolichos sp. (Fabaceae) Leaves  
68 Oloqiloqota Corchorus trilocularis L. Leaves Only available during periods of food shortage (wet times)
69 Pasa Amaranthus hybridus L. Leaves Watery leaves
70   Seeds  
71 Poshanata Plant species not confirmed Leaves  
72    Roots  
73 Qananta Berchemia discolor (Klotzsch) Hemsl. Leaves Sweet, sticky
74    Fruits Good taste
75 Qaqaha/Qahaqaha Solanum nigrum L. Leaves Cooked
76    Berries  
77 Qaqula Adenia ellenbeckii Harms Leaves Available during rainy season; protected
78 Rasuta Amaranthus graecizans L. Leaves Eaten mixed with other food items
79   Amaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell. Leaves Only available during periods of food shortage in wet times
80 Shabalata Plant species not confirmed Leaves  
81 Teyla Brassica napus L. Leaves Eaten mixed with other food items
82 Torchata Celosia argentea L. Leaves Delicious; occurs in March and April
83 Torqeta Celosia trigyna L. Leaves  
84   Digera muricata (L.) Mart. Leaves  
85 Agamta Carissa spinarum L. Fruits Fruits temporarily desensitize teeth after consumption
86 Cheqerta Ficus thonningii Blume Fruits Small fruits
87 Dhahayta Grewia bicolor Juss. Fruits  
88   Grewia velutina (Forssk.) Lam. Fruits  
89 Halota Plant species not confirmed Fruits Sweet, usually available in lowlands
90 Hankalta Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del. Fruits Fresh/dried; good storability
91 Hashashayata Cordia sp. (Boraginaceae) Fruits  
92 Heleta Ficus sur Forssk. Fruits  
93 Hillteta Ficus sycomorus L. Fruits  
94 Hinkikata (Enkoy) Ximenia caffra Sond. Fruits Eaten fresh/raw
95 Kopta Ziziphus mucronata Willd. Fruits Pulp is very acidic and not liked in normal times
96 Kumanata Physalis peruviana L. Fruits  
97 Kutata Balanites rotundifolia (Tiegh.) Blatt. Fruits Sweet, mostly occurs in lowlands, availability is seasonal
98 Lamtta Blyttia fruticulosum (Decne.) D.V. Field Fruits Difference in use only in age
99 Madherta Cordia sinensis Lam. Fruits Occurs in lowlands
100 Mordhoha Balanites sp. (Balanitaceae) Fruits  
101 Ogomteta Grewia villosa Willd. Fruits Usually available in lowlands; sweet
102 Otayta Cordia africana Lam. Fruits Pounded and mixed with salt
103 Poketa Plant species not confirmed Fruits  
104 Qaraqawola Plant species not confirmed Fruits  
105 Qehakorba Plant species not confirmed Fruits  
106 Qochata Grewia ferruginea Hochst. ex A. Rich. Fruits Also has medicinal value
107   Grewia bicolor Juss. Fruits  
108 Qopissa (Poqsa) Grewia villosa Willd. Fruits Sweet
109 Rokoota Tamarindus indica L. Fruits Slightly sour/bitter
110 Toleqota Cordia monoica Roxb. Fruits Sticky
111 Qawureta Sterculia africana (Lour.) Fiori Seeds (Beans) Eaten in two forms: drank like coffee, or eaten roasted like beans
112 Alge-heluta Plant species not confirmed Roots  
113 Kullayya Vatovaea pseudolablab (Harms) J. B. Gillet Roots/Tubers Planted/protected on terraces
114 Mechata Plant species not confirmed Roots  
115 Pakanna (Ateta) Amorphophallus sp. Mature tubers  
116 Poshanposha Plant species not confirmed Roots Eaten fresh
117 Saitata Plant species not confirmed Roots  
118 Checheha Acacia hockii De Wild Bark (inner)  
119 Lahadho Plant species not confirmed Whole plant  
120 Parapaqa Pachycymbium laticoronum (MG Gilbert) MG Gilbert Whole plant Whole plant is eaten except the fine roots
  1. Within a scale plants species are grouped based on parts eaten and subsequently listed in alphabetical order of the trivial name.