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Table 2 Crop parts (A for red), crop parts (B for amber) and crop residues (C for red), and recycled stuff (D for red) gathered and consumed under the traffic light metaphor in Konso, Ethiopia

From: Assessing the levels of food shortage using the traffic light metaphor by analyzing the gathering and consumption of wild food plants, crop parts and crop residues in Konso, Ethiopia

A) Crop parts gathered and consumed under the red light metaphor
No. Crop Scientific name Part(s) Remarks
1 Coffee (Punita) Coffea arabica L. Leaves (hasha) If drunk alone frequently; normally used mixed with other food items
2 Hidhana Dioscorea sp. (Dioscoreaceae) Leaves  
3 Hohe/Aylenata Semi-wild bean type Leaves  
4 Husks  
5 Irish potato (Tinisha) Solanum tuberosum L. Leaves Cooked and eaten
6 Khat (Timahata) Catha edulis (Vahl) Forssk. ex Endl. Leaves (including old ones) When ingested instead of being chewed or sold
7 Moringa (Shalaqayta/Midha) Moringa stenopetala (Bak.) Cuf. Leaves Normally consumed mixed with other food items (green light), but it gives diarrhea if eaten alone frequently (red light)
8 Pepper (Parpara) Capsicum frutescens L. Leaves  
9 Pumpkin (Potata) Cucurbita pepo L. Leaves Normally only fruits are eaten
10 Sweet potato (Dhedhero) Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Leaves Cooked and eaten
11 Taro (Kansata) Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott. Leaves  
12 Stem (Longa)  
13 Tomato (Gnagna) Solanum lycopersicum L. Leaves Eaten as cabbage
14 Banana (Muzita) Musa paradisiacal L. Fruit (immature) Eaten boiled
15 Corm  
16 Papaya (Papaye) Carica papaya L. Fruit (immature) Eaten boiled
B) Crop parts gathered and consumed under the amber light metaphor
17 Cassava (Moko) Manihot esculenta Crantz Leaves Boiled to remove
18 Root sheath harmful/side effects of its consumption
19 Shuqata Vigna sp. (Fabaceae) Leaves  
20 Haricot beans Phaseolus sp. (Fabaceae) Seeds/beans (defective)/tocha) If eaten mixed with other food items it shows amber light
21 Enset/false banana (Dhubana) Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman Corm (immature) Eaten boiled
C) Crop residues/left-over consumed under the red light metaphor
1 Haricot beans Phaseolus sp. (Fabaceae) Seed/beans (defective)/Tocha Eaten alone
2 Pods (empty)/Qofalla  
3 Barley Hordeum vulgare L. Husks/bran Locally called tata porta
4 Maize Zea mays L. Husks Boiled with coffee leaves and eaten
5 Tassels (Fita)  
6 Finger millet Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn. Bran (Ukkasha) Normally, used as labor payment/gift for destitute; when started to be consumed by better off households then the light is turned on red
7 Sorghum Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench Bran (Ukkasha)  
8 Dhohotota Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Pods (empty) Boiled/cooked
9 Lukluka Assorted Powdery left-overs Boiled/cooked
10 Cotton (kulma putota) Gossypium hirsutum L. Seeds Boiled for drink
D) Recycled stuff consumed under the red light metaphor
11 Tata Different types (mainly sorghum or maize) Local drink residue Recycled for local beer/gin
  1. Within a section of the table, crop species are grouped based on crop part eaten and subsequently listed in alphabetical order of the trivial name.