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Table 1 Mean values ± s. e. of morphological characters analyzed in wild, silviculturally and agriculturally managed populations of S. pruinosus

From: Landscape management and domestication of Stenocereus pruinosus (Cactaceae) in the Tehuacán Valley: human guided selection and gene flow

Character Wild populations Silviculturally managed populations Agriculturally managed populations PC1 PC2
Fruit Volume (gr)** B B A −0.868 −0.182
56.577 ±3.241 67.048 ±4.188 127.882 ±4.909
Total fruit weight (g)** B B A −0.880 −0.205
55.913 ±3.137 67.369 ±3.983 127.109 ±4.634
Pulp weight (gr)** B B A −0.851 −0.224
30.881 ±2.019 36.447 ±2.505 80.064 ±3.553
Peel weight (gr)** C B A −0.783 −0.095
24.977 ±1.473 30.588 ±1.733 46.413 ±1.437
Peel thickness (cm)* A AB B −0.031 0.020
0.365 ±0.014 0.342 ±0.011 0.324 ±0.011
Number of areoles per peel cm2** A A B 0.655 0.174
2.007 ±0.048 2.017 ±0.034 1.672 ±0.045
Number of seed per fruit** B B A −0.480 −0.100
1212.279 ±52.420 1176.854 ±50.687 1597.572 ±59.397
seed weight (gr)** B B A −0.322 0.228
0.00209 ±0.00001 0.00208 ±0.00001 0.00224 ±0.00001
Sugar content in pulp (Brix)** B A A −0.318 −0.090
6.720 ±0.251 8.140 ±0.281 8.643 ±0.220
Pulp acidity (pH)** B B A −0.283 −0.259
4.302 ±0.063 4.314 ±0.066 4.593 ±0.060
Pulp color A A A 0.177 0.0015
1.78 ±0.166 1.89 ±0.165 2.16 ±0.172
Number of stem ribs** B A A 0.082 0.324
5.751 ±0.039 5.971 ±0.039 5.938 ±0.048
Stem rib width (cm) A A A −0.265 0.517
3.783 ±0.069 3.834 ±0.095 3.694 ±0.067
Stem rib depth (cm)* B B A −0.325 0.208
3.778 ±0.039 3.851 ±0.048 4.118 ±0.106
Distance among rib areoles (cm) A A A −0.179 0.183
3.167 ±0.052 3.268 ± 0.0629 3.277 ± 0.061
Spines/areole B A A −0.060 −0.006
8.029 ±0.132 8.933 ± 0.137 9.185 ± 0.132
Size of central spines (cm)** B A C 0.294 −0.076
2.630 ±0.094 3.081 ±0.135 1.914 ±0.068
Branch width (cm)** C B A −0.416 0.422
10.403 ±0.099 11.119 ±0.150 11.823 ±0.113
Height (m)* A B AB 0.043 0.727
4.751 ±0.133 4.176 ±0.139 4.385 ±0.172
Plant size (m3) A A A −0.015 0.736
14.328 ±1.620 13.451 ±1.924 13.525 ±1.612
Branch number** B B A −0.224 0.603
33.622 ±3.641 33.595 ±3.040 58.611 ±6.475
Flower tube length (cm)** C B A −0.710 −0.176
9.240 ±0.136 9.675 ±0.132 10.317 ±0.102
Corola maximun diameter (cm)** C B A −0.407 0.143
5.586 ±0.119 6.000 ±0.113 6.474 ±0.127
Corola maximun intern opening (cm) A
3.008 ±0.049
A
3.067 ±0.048
A
3.170 ±0.046
−0.302 0.357
Flower tube minimun diameter(cm)** C B A −0.632 0.239
1.059 ±0.013 1.116 ±0.015 1.188 ±0.013
Pericarpel diameter (cm)** B B A −0.786 0.120
1.461 ± 0.024 1.520 ± 0.024 1.655 ± 0.020
Pericarpel length (cm)** B B A −0.806 −0.135
2.117 ±0.046 2.168 ±0.046 2.558 ±0.047
Nectar chamber length (cm)** B B A −0.473 −0.352
1.616 ±0.029 1.644 ±0.028 1.796 ±0.033
Nectar chamber diameter (cm) A A A −0.254 0.466
0.867 ± 0.021 0.851 ± 0.016 0.860 ± 0.013
Ovary length (cm)** B B A −0.795 −0.043
1.057 ±0.027 1.079 ±0.035 1.341 ±0.025
Ovary diameter (cm)* B AB A −0.618 0.358
0.706 ± 0.020 0.717 ± 0.175 0.767 ± 0.010
Stile lengtht (cm)** B A A −0.111 −0.263
4.804 ±0.073 5.168 ±0.086 5.121 ±0.058
Maximum stigma length (cm)** B B A −0.604 −0.074
1.205 ±0.028 1.248 ±0.036 1.377 ±0.030
Number of stigma lobes** B A A −0.268 0.326
8.716 ±0.149 9.382 ±0.189 9.357 ±0.163
Average stigma length (various lobes) (cm)** C B A −0.563 −0.138
1.010 ±0.036 1.154 ±0.034 1.277 ±0.030
Anters length (cm)** B B A −0.299 0.056
0.257 ±0.004 0.263 ±0.004 0.283 ±0.003
Anters width (cm) A A A −0.144 0.018
0.092 ± 0.002 0.091 ± 0.001 0.093 ±0.001
  1. Different capital letters among populations indicate significant differences according to ANOVA and Tukey tests (*p ≤ 0.05, **p ≤ 0.01). The last columns show eigenvectors of the first (PC1) and second (PC2) principal components according to PCA.