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Table 2 Indigenous knowledge on mushroom utilization and folk taxonomy

From: Folk taxonomy and use of mushrooms in communities around Ngorongoro and Serengeti National Park, Tanzania

Family Species Ethnotaxa Traditional uses and preparations
   Kurya Masai Masai Kurya Local Preparation and administration
Lyophyllaceae Termitomyces microcarpus (Berk & Broome) R.Heim Bitoghose Not known Not known Food, improve healthy to long ill people and breast feeding mothers Cooked with spices as onion cooking oil and tomatoes and milk
Lyophyllaceae T. titanicus Pegler & Piearce Lyugu Ormambuli Few know it as tonic various gastro- intestinal ailments (e.g., abdominal pain, constipation, stomach ache and ulcers), Food, delicacy for important members of the community; tonic various gastro-intestinal ailments Boiled and added salt to taste
Lyophyllaceae T. aurantiacus (R. Heim) R. Heim Nyankobhiti Ormambuli Not known Food, tonic for stomach aching Boiled and added salt to taste
Lyophyllaceae T. clypeatus R. Heim Vihungumururyo Ormambuli Not known Food Cooked with spices such as onion cooking oil and tomatoes
Lyophyllaceae T. eurhizus (Berk) R. Heim Amanyegiswa Ormambuli Not known Food  
Lyophyllaceae T. le-testui (Pat.) R. Heim Lyugu Ormambuli Few know it as tonic various gastro- intestinal ailments (e.g.,abdominal pain, constipation, stomach ache and ulcers), Food Cooked with spices such as onion cooking oil and tomatoes
Lyophyllaceae T. mammiformis
R. Heim
Bitoghose Ormambuli Not known Food  
Lyophyllaceae T. umkowaan (Cooke & Massee) D.A Reid Amughu Ormambuli Few know it as tonic various gastro- intestinal ailments (e.g.,abdominal pain, constipation, stomach ache and ulcers), Food Cooked with spices such as onion cooking oil and tomatoes
Lyophyllaceae T. tylerianus Otieno Bitoghose Ormambuli Not known Food Cooked with spices such as onion cooking oil and tomatoes
Lyophyllaceae T. striatus (Beeli) R. Heim Bitoghose Ormambuli Not known Food Cooked with spices such as onion cooking oil and tomatoes
Agaricaceae Agaricus campestris L.:Fr. Bitoghose Ormambuli Not known Food Cooked with spices such as onion cooking oil and tomatoes
Agaricaceae A. bisporus Nyankobhiti Ormambuli Not known   
Agaricaceae A. xanthodermus Nyankobhiti Ormambuli Not known Not known None
Agaricaceae C. comatus (O.F. Müll.) Pers Nyankobhiti Ormambuli Not known Not known None
Agaricaceae Cholorophyllum Binyankorogoto Ormambuli Not known Not known None
  molybdites (G. May.) Binyankorogoto Ormambuli Not known Not known None
Agaricaceae P. tuber-regium (Rumph. Ex Fr.) Binyankorogoto Ormambuli Not known Not known None
  Singer      
Agaricaceae Macrolepiota procera (Scoop.) Singer Binyankorogoto Not known Not known Healing wounds The bulbolous base is dried and grinded to powder form which is then applied direct to the wound.
Agaricaceae Trametes versicolor (L.)Lloyd Binyankorogoto Ormambuli Not known Not known None
Polyporaceae Trametes elegans Binyankorogoto Not known Not known Not known None
Polyporaceae (Spreng.)Fr. Binyankorogoto Not known Not known Not known None
Schizophyllacea Schizophyllum commune Fr. Binyankorogoto Not known Not known Not known None
Ganodermataceae Ganoderma boninense Pat. Binyankorogoto Not known Not known Treat wound and skin infection Use its powder to treat skin infection and wound
Geastraceae Geastrum saccatum sensu auct. Brit. Uiborinyiti Not known Subject the bees into ‘anaesthaesia’ state Subject the bees into ‘anaesthaesia’ state Pierce the ascocarp (ball) to release spores into the bee hives
Geastraceae G. triplex Jungh. Uiborinyiti Not known Subject the bees into ‘anaesthaesia’ state Subject the bees into ‘anaesthaesia’ state Pierce the ascocarp (ball) to release spores into the bee hives