Skip to main content


Table 1 The 20 disease categories of the World Health Organization[45]

From: Medicinal use of fauna by a traditional community in the Brazilian Amazonia

International Statistical Classification ofDiseases and Related HealthProblems (ICD, 2007) Cited diseases
1 Certain infectious and parasitics diseases Erysipelas
Hair lice*
2 Neoplasms Tumor
3 Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism none
4 Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases Diabetes*
Lack of appetite in children
5 Mental and behavioral disorders none
6 Diseases of the nervous system Spasm in children
7 Diseases of the eye and adnexa Headache
7 Diseases of the ear and mastoid process Conjunctivitis*
8 Diseases of the circulatory system Earache
9 Diseases of the respiratory system Stroke
10   Pneumonia
11 Diseases of the digestive system Indigestion
12 Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue Callus on feet*
13 Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue Muscular pain
Child with walking difficulties
14 Diseases of the genitourinary system Menstrual pain
Male sexual incapacity
15 Pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium none
16 Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period none
17 Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities none
18 Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified Hiccup*
19 Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes Snakebite
Ray stinging*
Extraction of wood and thorn
20 External causes of morbidity and mortality none
  1. Legend: In the “Cited Diseases” column it is listed the 28 diseases and other health problems that the “Riozinho do Anfrísio” informants claim to be treatable by animal species. The diseases cited exclusively in participant observations are signaled with.