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Table 3 Medicinal shrub species in the study area (F- Frequency %, D- Density plants/25 m 2 )

From: Ecological status and traditional knowledge of medicinal plants in Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary of Garhwal Himalaya, India

Species Family Zone-I Zone-II Zone-III Zone-IV Zone-V
   (1550-1750 m) (2000-2200 m) (2450-2650 m) (2900-3100 m) (3350-3550 m)
   F D F D F D F D F D
Arachne cordifolia Euphorbiaceae 10.00 0.18 - - - - - - - -
Buddleja asiatica. Buddlejaceae 12.50 0.43 - - - - - - - -
Clematis buchananiana Ranunculaceae - - - - 5.00 0.20 - - - -
Coriaria nepalensis Coriariaceae - - 12.50 0.25 10.00 0.58 70.00 2.73 - -
Cotoneaster microphyllus Rosaceae - - - - - - 17.50 0.68 33.33 0.23
Debregeasia salicifolia Urticaceae 52.50 1.85 7.50 0.35 - - - - - -
Desmodium elagans Fabaceae - - 7.50 0.20 5.00 0.18 - - - -
Deutzia compacta Hydrangeaceae - - - - 7.50 0.30 - - - -
Elsholtzia fruticosa Lamiaceae - - 10.00 0.25 12.50 0.25 - - - -
Eupatorium odenophorum Asteraceae 12.50 0.48 - - - - - - - -
Holmskioldia sanguinea Verbenaceae 10.00 0.38 - - - - - - - -
Hypericum choisianum Hyperiaceae 10.00 0.20 5.00 0.18 - - - - - -
Indigofera heterantha Fabaceae 12.50 0.35 15.00 0.68 40.00 1.53 - - - -
Inula cappa Asteraceae - - - - 12.50 0.40 - - - -
Leptodermis lanceolata Rubiaceae 15.00 0.43 - - - - - - - -
Leycesteria formosa Caprifoliaceae - - - - 5.00 0.15 7.50 0.38 - -
Lonicera angustifolia Caprifoliaceae - - - - - - 20.00 0.48 33.33 0.38
Persicaria polystachya Polygonaceae - - - - 2.50 0.05 7.50 0.35 - -
Prinsepia utilis Rosaceae 10.00 0.25 - - - - - - - -
Rhamnus virgatus Rhamnaceae 15.00 0.33 - - - - - - - -
Rhus javanica Anacardiaceae 10.00 0.33 - - - - - - - -
Rosa sericea Rosaceae - - - - 12.50 0.65 40.00 1.63 26.53 1.23
Roylea cinerea Lamiaceae 15.00 0.33 - - - - - - - -
Rubia manjith Rubiaceae - - - - 10.00 0.28 - - - -
Rubus niveus Rosaceae 10.00 0.28 17.50 0.85 35.00 1.45 - - - -
Sarcococca saligna Buxaceae 7.50 0.23 2.50 0.15 - - - - - -
Sorbaria tomentosa Rosaceae - - - - 12.50 0.28 - - - -
Viburnum erubescens Caprifoliacae - - - - 12.50 0.40 10.00 0.75 - -
Viburnum grandiflorum Caprifoliacae - - - - 15.00 0.43 32.50 1.05 - -
Viburnum nervosum Caprifoliacae - - - - - - 12.50 0.38 - -
Woodfordia fruticosa Lythraceae 17.50 0.58 - - - - - - - -
Zanthoxylum armatum Rutaceae 10.00 0.33 - - - - - - - -