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Table 1 Characters used by artisanal fishermen of Redonda Beach to identify and name some fishes

From: Ethnotaxonomical considerations and usage of ichthyofauna in a fishing community in Ceará State, Northeast Brazil

Characters used by fishermen to identify and name fishes
Characters Vernacular name Scientific name
Morphologicals
Coloration Parum-branco Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet, 1782)
Body shape Zambai-roliça Tylosurus crocodilus crocodilus (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
Type of mouth Bagre-beiçudo Notarius grandicassis (Valenciennes, 1840)
Boca-mole Larimus breviceps (Cuvier, 1830)
Presence of spines Baiacu-espinho Diodon spp. / Chilomycterus spp.
Type of fin Bagre-de-fita Bagre bagre (Linnaeus, 1766)
Head shape Tubarão-cabeça-de-martelo Sphyrna tiburo (Linnaeus, 1758)
Sphyrna lewini (Griffith & Smith, 1834)
   Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)
Type of habitat
Depth Bagre-da-costa Aspistor luniscutis (Valenciennes, 1840)
Substratum Arraia-de-pedra Dasyatis spp.
Behaviour
  Cação-choque (arraia-choque) Narcine spp.
Analogy with other animals
  Zambaia-cachorro Strongylura timucu (Walbaum, 1792)
Cação-jaguara Galeocerdo cuvier (Péron & LeSueur, 1822)
Peixe-morcego Ogcocephalus vespertilio (Linnaeus, 1758)
Baiacu-vaquinha Acanthostracion polygonius (Poey, 1876)
Tubarão-baleia Rhincodon typus (Smith, 1828)
  Cavalo-marinho Hippocampus spp.
Analogy with objects
  Agulhão-de-vela Xiphias gladius (Linnaeus, 1758)
Arraia-bico-de-remo Dasyatis guttata (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Cação-toalha Mustelus canis (Mitchill, 1815)
Carro-de-boi Anisotremus virginicus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  Cação-bola Carcharhinus signatus (Poey, 1868)
Analogy with people
  Baiacu-araldo Lactophrys trigonus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Baiacu-carlitão Lactophrys sp.