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Table 3 Knowledge of problems associated with house flies, mode of disease transmission, potential breeding season and places

From: A cross sectional survey of knowledge, attitude and practices related to house flies among dairy farmers in Punjab, Pakistan

  Multan Lahore Faisalabad Shorkot Total
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Have you heard about house flies?      
-Yes 52 (100%) 50 (100%) 43 (100%) 28 (100%) 173 (100%)
-No 0 0 0 0 0
Knowledge of the problems associated with house flies
-These cause nuisance to humans 13 (25.00) 13 (26.00) 9 (20.93) 6 (21.43) 41 (23.70)
-These cause nuisance to farm animals 1 (1.92) 3 (6.00) 2 (4.65) 1 (3.57) 7 (4.05)
-These interfere the milking process 4 (7.69) 4 (8.00) 2 (4.65) 2 (7.14) 12 (6.94)
-These transmit diseases in humans 8 (15.38) 8 (16.00) 6 (13.95) 6 (21.43) 28 (16.18)
-These transmit diseases in farm animals 5 (9.62) 7 (14.00) 6 (13.95) 1 (3.57) 19 (10.98)
-These transmit diseases both in humans and animals 9 (17.31) 9 (18.00) 6 (13.95) 6 (21.42) 30 (17.34)
I don’t know 20 (38.46) 19 (38.00) 20 (46.51) 12 (42.86) 71 (41.04)
Knowledge of the diseases transmitted by house flies*
House flies cause Avian influenza/bird flu 1 (4.00) 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00) 1 (2.60)
House flies cause diarrhea 8 (32.00) 8 (36.36) 5 (27.78) 1 (8.33) 22 (28.57)
I don’t know 17 (68.00) 14 (63.63) 13 (72.22) 11 (91.66) 55 (71.43)
Mode of disease transmission by house flies*
-These contaminate food and drinking water 3 (11.54) 2 (9.09) 1 (5.56) 1 (9.09) 7 (9.09)
-These cause Infection through wounds 5 (19.23) 6 (27.27) 4 (22.22) 1 (9.09) 16 (20.78)
I don’t know 18 (69.23) 16 (72.72) 11 (61.11) 10 (90.91) 55 (71.43)
Usual active time of house flies
-These remain active at day time 26 (50.00) 25 (50.00) 22 (51.16) 18 (64.29) 91 (52.60)
-These remain active at night time 5 (9.62) 2 (4.00) 3 (6.98) 0 (0.00) 10 (5.78)
-These remain active every time 21 (40.38) 23 (46.00) 18 (41.86) 10 (35.71) 72 (41.62)
Knowledge of the house flies breeding season
House flies breed more in      
-Summer 17 (32.69) 17 (34.00) 14 (32.56) 10 (35.71) 58 (33.53)
-Winter 6 (11.54) 9 (18.00) 3 (6.98) 3 (10.71) 21 (12.14)
-Spring 8 (15.38) 10 (20.00) 4 (9.30) 1 (3.57) 23 (13.29)
I don’t know 22 (42.31) 15 (30.00) 24 (55.81) 14 (50.00) 75 (43.35)
Knowledge of the house flies breeding places
House flies breed in      
-filth of any type 18 (34.62) 12 (24.00) 11 (25.58) 10 (35.71) 51 (29.48)
-human excreta 13 (25.00) 12 (24.00) 13 (30.23) 8 (28.57) 46 (26.59)
-farm animals’ manure 2 (3.85) 1 (2.00) 1 (2.33) 1 (3.57) 5 (2.89)
I don’t know 25 (48.08) 29 (58.00) 21 (48.84) 12 (42.86) 87 (50.29)
  1. *Response of respondents who answered the house fly as a disease transmitter (n = 77).
  2. Total percentage of most of the categories exceed that of 100% due to multiple responses.