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Table 6 Effect of socio-demographic characters and house fly knowledge on the use of preventive measures against house flies

From: A cross sectional survey of knowledge, attitude and practices related to house flies among dairy farmers in Punjab, Pakistan

Variables n Percentage of respondents using ≥ 1 preventive measure Odds ratio 95% CL P
Locality      
Multan 52 46.15    
Lahore 50 30.00    
Faisalabad 43 23.26    
Shorkot 28 35.71 1.39 0.97-1.99 0.075
Gender      
Male 139 35.25    
Female 34 29.41 1.08 0.38-3.06 0.878
Age (year)      
≤ 25 years 42 47.62    
26-39 70 28.99    
≥ 40 61 31.14 1.08 0.61-1.92 0.798
Education      
Illiterate 80 13.75    
≥ primary 56 47.27    
≥ secondary 27 55.56    
≥ graduation 10 70.00 0.42 0.25-0.71 0.001
Knowledge of the problems associated with house flies
No problem mentioned 132 30.30    
At least one 41 46.34 1.22 0.44-3.40 0.760
Knowledge of the house flies breeding sites
No breeding site mentioned 87 16.09    
At least one breeding site mentioned 86 52.33 0.27 0.11-0.66 0.004
Knowledge of preventive measures
No preventive measure mentioned 14 42.00    
At least one preventive measure mentioned 159 33.33 4.42 1.14-17.13 0.032
General house fly knowledge scores
0 118 34.75    
1 36 33.00    
2 6 50.00    
3 13 23.08 1.12 0.72-1.75 0.605