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Table 2 Species traditionally used in the district of Rotonda, in the Pollino National park

From: Medicinal and useful plants in the tradition of Rotonda, Pollino National Park, Southern Italy

Family Local names Plant Part used Uses Use value
Species (Herbarium number)
Adiantaceae     
Adiantum capillus-veneris L. Capiddu venero Whole plant Med.: A decoction is used internally to regulate the menstrual cycle. 0.15
(DF/R/42)
Adoxaceae     
Sambucus ebulus L. (DF/R/75) Ievolo Leaves Med.: A decoction is used topically as an antiseptic and an anti-inflammatory in case of wounds. 0.36
Dried inflorescences Med.: A decoction is used in case of bronchitis and as a nasal decongestant.  
Leaves and seeds Vet.: They are administered to cows as a purgative.  
Berries Dom.: The fruits are used to prepare ink and to dye cotton, wool and shoes.  
Sambucus nigra L. (DF/R/97 Sammuco Inflorescences Med.: A decoction is claimed to be a febrifuge in case of bronchitis; topically this preparation is used as an ocular decongestant. 0.66
Berries Med.: The fruits are eaten as a laxative.  
Amaryllidaceae     
Allium sativum L. (DF/R/8) Agghio Bulbs Dom.: A maceration is used as a room disinfectant. 0.46
Aristolochiaceae     
Aristolochia sp. (DF/R/132) Edera Leaves Dom.: The drug is used in water to clean clothes. 0.03
Asparagaceae     
Leopoldia comosa (L.) Parl. (DF/R/59) Cipoddrina Bulbs Med.: They are eaten fried as a diuretic. 0.09
Ruscus aculeatus L. (DF/R/11) Rusculu Young twigs Med.: They are eaten as a diuretic. 0.11
Plant Dom.: It is used to clean the chimneys.  
Aspleniaceae     
Ceterach officinarum DC. (DF/R/163) Filicetta Whole plant Med.: A decoction is claimed to be an expectorant. 0.45
Phyllitis scolopendrium (L.) Newman subsp. scolopendrium (DF/R/37) Lengua ‘i cane Fronds Med.: Used topically as a lenitive in case of burns. 0.12
Boraginaceae     
Borago officinalis L.
(DF/R/9)
Vorraina Aerial parts Med.: A decoction is claimed to act as a purgative. 0.46
Brassicaceae     
Erysimum sp
(DF/R/28)
Erva ‘i San Francisco Leaves Med.: The chopped parts are applied topically to resolve abscesses. 0.11
Caprifoliaceae     
Dipsacus fullonum L. (DF/R/29) Spugne Leaves Med.: The active part is used topically to promote hair growth and strengthening. 0.27
Caryophyllaceae     
Saponaria officinalis L. (DF/R/103) Saponaria Aerial parts Dom.: Used in water to clean clothes. 0.23
Compositae     
Helianthus tuberosus L. (DF/R/2) Tritufolo Tubers Med.: They are eaten in case of diabetes. 0.28
Santolina chamaecyparissus L. (DF/R/63) Musco Whole plant Med.: The vapour of the plant is used as an expectorant. 0.12
Solidago virgaurea L. (DF/R/58) Zimmarino Inflorescences Dom.: This part is used to dye clothes in yellow. 0.33
Taraxacum officinale Webb (DF/R/117) Schirriola Leaves Med.: A decoction is used as a diuretic. 0.38
Tussilago farfara L. (DF/R/91) Calonnedra Roots Med.: A decoction, mixed with dried figs, is claimed to be an expectorant. 0.33
Inflorescences Med.: A decoction is used as a sedative.  
Leaves Med.: They are smoked as an anti-asthmatic.  
Convolvulaceae     
Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. (DF/R/19) Velucchio Aerial parts Med.: The chopped plant is used topically as an antirheumatic. 0.25
Convolvulus arvensis L. (DF/R/114) Velucchio Aerial parts Med.: The chopped plant is used topically as an antirheumatic. 0.23
Cornaceae     
Cornus mas L. (DF/R/80) Cornale Fruits Med.: These parts are used to make astringent jams. 0.09
Crassulaceae     
Sempervivum tectorum L. (DF/R/34) Siempreviva Whole plant Med.: The chopped plant is applied to the forehead in case of headache. The same preparation is used topically as an escharotic. 0.11
Umbilicus rupestris (Salisb.) Dandy
(DF/R/101)
Panicucco Leaves Med.: The chopped parts are used topically as a maturative for abscesses, as a vulnerary and a lenitive in treatment of burns. 0.14
Juniperus communis L. (DF/R/43) Inipero Female cones Med.: A decoction is used internally as an antihypertensive. 0.17
Dennstaedtiaceae     
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn (DF/R/89) Filici Fronds Med.: They are use to prepare an antirheumatic mattress. 0.24
Dioscoreaceae     
Tamus communis L. (DF/R/106) Vitella Tuber Med.: This part is applied topically as an antirheumatic. 0.09
Dryopteridaceae     
Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott (DF/R/84) Filici Fronds Med.: These, cooked in olive oil, are used as a topic lenitive in case of burns. 0.22
Euphorbiaceae     
Euphorbia dendroides L. (DF/R/95) Cammarone Latex Med.: This is used as an escharotic, in case of warts. 0.13
Mercurialis annua L. (DF/R/54) Mercuredda Aerial parts Vet.: The aerial parts are administered to cows as a veterinary purgative. 0.25
Fagaceae     
Quercus cerris L. (DF/R/25) Cierco Bark Med.: In the treatment of haemorrhoids, the patient is seated on the trunk drug. 0.46
Gentianaceae     
Centaurium erythraea Rafn (DF/R/22) Chinino Aerial parts Med.: A decoction is prescribed internally as a febrifuge. 0.23
Gentiana lutea L. (DF/R/65) Genziana Roots Med.: A decoction is claimed to be an appetizer. 0.33
Geraniaceae     
Erodium cicutarium (L.) L’Hér. (DF/R/74) Erva cimicina Whole plant Dom.: The plant is burned as a room insecticide. 0.23
Hypericaceae     
Hypericum perforatum L. (DF/R/16) Petricognola Aerial parts Med.: The parts are macerated in oil, then used as a lenitive in case of burns. 0.44
Iridaceae     
Iris germanica L. (DF/R/62) Spateddra Rhizome Dom.: The drug is used to scent clothes. 0.25
Juglandaceae     
Juglans regia L. (DF/R/6) Noce Fruits Dom.: The hull is used to dye the wool in brown. 0.45
Leaves Med.: A decoction is used for baths in case of excessive feet perspiration.  
Lamiaceae     
Ballota nigra L. (DF/R/107) Marrobbio fetente Whole plant Dom.: The drug is used in repellent fumigation against insects. 0.24
Ballota pseudodictamnus (L.) Benth. (DF/R/88) Miccio Calyx flower Dom.: The drug is used as a wick for oil night-lamps. 0.45
Calamintha nepeta (L.) Savi (DF/R/61) Niepo Aerial parts Med. Or Food: An infusion is claimed to act as a digestive and a food-flavouring agent. 0.27
Marrubium vulgare L. (DF/R/78) mont 2012 div Marrobbio Flowering aerial parts Med.: An infusion is claimed to be an appetizer. 0.26
Mentha aquatica L. (DF/R/92) Mentastica Leaves Med.: These parts are eaten in salads as digestives. 0.33
Mentha pulegium L. (DF/R/96) Poleo, puleio Plant Med.: The dried drug is chopped and applied topically as an expectorant and for antirheumatic massages. 0.44
Sideritis syriaca L. (DF/R/66) Erva janca Leaves Med.: The active parts are used topically as a vulnerary. 0.22
Stachys officinalis (L.) Trevis. (DF/R/13) Issopo Aerial parts Med.: A decoction is claimed to act as a skin and scalp antinfective. 0.16
Teucrium chamaedrys L. (DF/R/52) Cersuddra, cerseddra Whole plant Med.: An infusion is used as an appetizer. 0.28
Flowering tops Med.: The decoction is used internally as a febrifuge.  
Lauraceae     
Laurus nobilis L. (DF/R/38) Lauro Leaves Med.: A decoction is used as a gastric antispasmodic and a general sedative. 0.44
Leguminosae     
Lupinus albus L. (DF/R/57) Luppino Fruits Vet.: An infusion is used as a vulnerary, a lenitive and a skin refresher, in particular for pigs. 0.07
Ononis viscosa L. (DF/R/99) Erva dei viermi Aerial parts Med.: A decoction is claimed to be an antispasmodic. 0.03
Phaseolus vulgaris L. (DF/R/4) Fasolo Seeds Vet.: In veterinary a decoction is claimed to be a galactophorous. 0.33
Spartium junceum L. (DF/R/45) Sparto Aerial parts Med.: Chopped parts are used topically as an escharotic. 0.11
Malvaceae     
Malva sylvestris L. (DF/R/81) Malva Roots and leaves Med.: A decoction is used topically as a lenitive. Orally, the same preparation is claimed to be a febrifuge and an antitussive. 0.35
Tilia cordata Mill. (DF/R/51) Tilio Flowers and leaves Med.: An infusion of these parts is claimed to be an antitussive. 0.11
Melanthiaceae     
Veratrum album L. (DF/R/40) Veletro Leaves Vet.: The drug is used for baths in case of mange. 0.08
Myrtaceae     
Myrtus communis L. (DF/R/53) Mirtiridda Whole plant Dom.: It is used to tan hides. 0.59
Oleaceae     
Fraxinus ornus L. (DF/R/86) Mereio Sap Med.: It is drunk as a laxative. 0.23
Flowers Vet.: They are administered to cows as a purgative.  
Papaveraceae     
Papaver rhoeas L. (DF/R/68) Paparina Petals Dom.: They are used in the preparation of lipsticks. 0.23
Pinaceae     
Abies alba Mill. (DF/R/118) Pito Resin Med.: It is applied topically as a vulnerary and an antiseptic for wounds and for antirheumatic massages. 0.22
Plantaginaceae     
Plantago spp. (DF/R/31) Cinghiniervo Leaves Med.: A decoction is claimed to be a skin lenitive and used in case of ocular inflammations. 0.23
Poaceae     
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. (DF/R/3) Gramigna Whole plant Med.: A decoction is used internally as a febrifuge and an antitussive. 0.46
Zea mays L. (DF/R/77) Trucchisco Stigmas Med.: A decoction is used as a diuretic. 0.33
Portulacaceae     
Portulaca oleracea L. (DF/R/35) ‘Ntracchia Plant Med.: The drug is eaten as depurative in salads. 0.19
Ranunculaceae     
Clematis vitalba L. (DF/R/69) Grampuddrina Young twigs Med.: They are eaten cooked as a diuretic. 0.07
Ranunculus ficaria L. (DF/R/93) Ricchia gattina Leaves Med.: They are applied topically as a lenitive. 0.03
Rosaceae     
Agrimonia eupatoria L. (DF/R/14) Agrimonia Flowering tops Med.: A decoction is used to improve brain functionality. 0.23
Geum urbanum L. (DF/R/67) Bella ‘i notte Whole plant Med.: A decoction is used for gargles in case of halitosis. 0.12
Prunus spinosa L. (DF/R/83) Prugnolo Thorns Vet.: They are used to prick swollen parts. 0.09
Young branches Med.: The young parts are used topically as a lenitive and an antinfective.  
Rubus sp. (DF/R/64) Sipali, spiazzo Young branches Med.: A decoction is claimed to be an antitussive. 0.25
Rubiaceae     
Galium odoratum (L.) Scop. (DF/R/79) Miscarola Plant Dom.: The drug is used to dye the wool in violet. 0.14
Galium verum L. (DF/R/60) Miscarola Plant Dom.: The drug is used to dye the wool in violet. 0.17
Rutaceae     
Ruta graveolens L. (DF/R/33) Ruta Aerial parts Med.: They are chopped and then applied topically in pork fat as an antirheumatic and in case of sciatica and headache. 0.29
Salicaceae     
Salix purpurea L. (DF/R/41) Salicone Young branches Dom.: The active parts are used to make hampers. 0.35
Scrophulariaceae     
Verbascum thapsus L. (DF/R/21) Verbasco Flowers Med.: An infusion is used in treatment of colds. 0.22
Solanaceae     
Hyoscyamus niger L. (DF/R/105)   Seeds and flowers Med.: They are applied topically in case of toothache. 0.09
Solanum melongena L. (DF/R/17) Mirlignana Fruits Med.: They are used topically as an escharotic. 0.27
Urticaceae     
Parietaria officinalis L. (DF/R/12) Erva viento Whole plant Dom.: It is used to clean glass utensils. 0.25
Whole plant Vet.: A decoction is used as a lenitive.  
Urtica dioica L. (DF/R/5) Lurdica Roots Med.: A decoction is used internally as an antirheumatic. 0.44
Plant Vet.: It is used, topically, for galactophorous massages.  
Verbenaceae     
Verbena officinalis L. (DF/R/48) Verbena Aerial parts Med.: A decoction is claimed to be an appetizer. 0.23
Vitaceae     
Vitis vinifera L.
(DF/R/44)
Vita Young shoots Dom.: They are used to clean the chimneys. 0.45
  1. Med.: Plants used in human medicine; Vet.: Plants used in veterinary medicine; Dom.: Plants used for domestic use.