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Table 4 List of medicinal plant species reported in Zetaquira and Campo Hermoso including ethnobotanical characteristics

From: Use and valuation of native and introduced medicinal plant species in Campo Hermoso and Zetaquira, Boyacá, Colombia

    Index Use Values (estim./ actual)    
Species, family, voucher ID, and vernacular names Life form, Habitat/ place of collection Status, place of Origin Zeta-quira Campo Herm. Part Used Use Preparation, mode of administration
Justicia filibracteolata Lindau Acanthaceae ALCG 62 Chuchuhuaza shrub cultivated in homegarden native Colombian Andes3 0.48/ 0.04 0.06/ 0.00 bark and leaves (B) rheumatism (B) concoction with Allium sativum and Aristolochia ringens in extract in alcohol/ oral -U1- (Z), concoction with Cannabis sativa in extract in alcohol -U2-/ oral (B), decoction/ oral (C)
Trichanthera gigantea (Bonpl.) Nees (s) Acanthaceae ALCG 125 Cafetero, Quiebrabarrigo small tree wild in edge of route native to Northern South America8 0.32/ 0.20 0.19/ 0.00 leaves and stems (B) inflammations and skin infections (B) fevers (Z) to lose weight (Z) decoction/ topical-baths (B) decoction/ topical-baths (Z); fresh extract by maceration/ oral (Z) infusion/ oral (Z)
Sambucus nigra L.* º Adoxaceae•Caprifoliaceae ++ ALCG 68 Sauco Elder or Elderberry tree cultivated in solar introduced Europe-West Siberia-North Africa 5 0.72/ 0.24 0.56/ 0.25 leaves and flowers (B)*2 flowers (B)º 2 leaves and branches (B) flowers and shoots (Z) leaves and branches (B) gripe (B) eye inflammations and infections (B) fevers (B) tiredness and weakness (Z) respiratory complaints (B) respiratory complaints (Z) headache (Z) against hair lice (C) concoction with Citrus limon juice in decoction/ oral (B) extract in decoction or destilation (in a glass bottle)/ topical- eye baths (B) decoction/ topical in baths (B) decoction/ topical, baths (Z) decoction/ oral (B) concoction with milk in decoction/ oral (Z) decoction/ oral (B) decoction/ oral (Z) fresh extract from maceration/ topical on the head before the sunrise starts (Z) fresh extract from maceration/ topical for washing the hair (C)
Furcraea macrophylla Baker, Hook (e-CH) Agavaceae Fique,cabuya Fique succulent rosette forming tall herb cultivated in a farmland native Boyaca-Colombia7 0.00/ 0.00 0.25/ 0.13 root (C) rheumatism (C) muscles and tendons complaints (C) Hidropisy (C) decoction/ oral (C) use of fibres of leaves to tie them on the affected part/ topical (C) decoction of a piece of leaf/ oral (C)
leaves (C)
Chenopodium ambrosioides L. (s) Amaranthaceae ALCG 80 Paico Epazote Wormseed herb ascendent cultivated in small garden native Central Andean range and south of western range in Colombia 7 0.40/ 0.12 0.44/ 0.38 leaves (B) leaves and stems (B) stomach complaints (B) intestinal parasites (B) infusion or decoction/ oral (B) fresh extract by maceration in water/ oral (B)
Althernanthera lanceolata (Benth.) Schinz Amaranthaceae ALCG 113 Planta del cáncer or Sanguinaria herb cultivated in small garden introduced American tropics and subtropics, Asia, Africa and Australia12 0.16/ 0.16 0.48/ 0.25 leaves and branches (B) leaves (C) leaves (Z) healing of wounds (B) skin cancer (C) stomach ulcer (C) cancer in general (C) cancer in general (Z) fevers (Z) decoction/ oral and decoction/ topical-baths (B) decoction/ topical baths (C) decoction in milk/ oral (C) decoction / oral (C) fresh extract by maceration in water/ oral (Z)
Eryngium foetidum L.* herb cultivated in homegarden native South Mexico to Bolivia Colombian Andeans and Orinoquia5 0.00/ 0.00 0.06/ 0.06 root (C) hepatitis (C) condiment herb (C) decoction/ oral (C) combination with food/ oral (C)
Apiaceae leaves (C)*2
ALCG 167
Cilantrón,cilantro cimarrón
Mexican coriander, shadow beni
Apium graveolens L. * herb cultivated in homegarden introduced Europe and West Asia 13, Europe 5 0.20/ 0.24 0.25/ 0.19 leaves and stems (B)*2 intestinal obstipation (B) decoction/oral(B)
Apiaceae infusion/oral(B)
Apio stomach ache (B) combination with food/oral(B)
Celery,celeriac condiment herb (B) infusion/oral(B)
relaxant (B) decoction/oral(Z)
to regulate menstruation (Z)
Foeniculum vulgare Mill.* º herb cultivated in homegarden introduced Mediterranean Europe5 0.16/ 0.16 0.06/ 0.06 leaves and stems (B) to enhance lactation (B) decoction in milk or “aguadepanela”-U3-/ oral (B)
Apiaceae
ALCG 89 condiment herb (B) combination with food/ oral (B)
Hinojo
Fennel, Bronze Fennel,
Sweet cumin12
Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nyman ex A.W. Hill* herb cultivated in homegarden introduced Eastern Mediterranean Western Asia Mediterranean Europe 8 0.44/ 0.36 0.50/ 0.25 leaves (B)*2 cardiovascular complaints as high blood pressure (B) infusion/ oral (B)
to chew leaves/ oral (B)
combined with food/ oral (B)
Apiaceae enhance stomach function (B) infusion/ oral (C)
ALCG 87 infusion/ oral (Z)
Perejil againts bad breath (B)
Parsley condiment herb (B)
kidney complaints (C)
intestinal pain (C)
againts menstrual pain (Z)
Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don. short lived herb cultivated in pod introduced Madagaskar 8 0.00/ 0.00 0.06/ 0.06 flowers (C) againts eye infections and irritations (C) infusion/ topical-baths (C)
Apocynaceae
ALCG 158
Vicaria
Madagascar periwinkle
Philodendron sp. sufrutex wild in edges of secundary forest unknown Africa and Asia and America around the equador 7 0.04/ 0.04 0.00/ 0.00 leaves and stem (Z) skin infections and inflamations (Z) fresh extract by maceration/ topical-rub part affected
Araceae
ALCG 103
Hidra or Yedra
Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott herb cultivated in homegarden introduced South East Asia, Australia 8,13 0.20/ 0.16 0.31/ 0.25 tuberous root (B) gastritis (B) concoction of blended root with milk/ oral (B)
Araceae stomach ulcer (B)
ALCG 106 food (B) carbohydrate source food/ oral (B)
Malanga
Taro
Aristolochia ringens Vahl. Twiner/climber Wild in river bank introduced native to Brazil 15 0.64/ 0.04 0.75/ 0.00 leaves and stems (B) rheumatism (B) concoction with Cannabis sativa, Erythroxylum coca and Justicia filibracteolata in extract in alcohol/ topical and oral (B), maceration in extract in alcohol/ topical and oral (Z)-U2- maceration/ topical in emplast (B)
Aristolochiaceae ofidic accidents (B)
ALCG 78
Bejuco de Guaco
Gaping Dutchman`s Pipe
Aloe vera (L.) Burman f. * º Short stem-med suculent plant cultivated in pods introduced arabic peninsula 8 0.64/ 0.60 0.63/ 0.63 gel from leaves (B) * 2 º 2 asthma (B) fresh gel is blended single or in concoction with egg or with honey and juice of Citrus limon/ oral (B)
Asphodelaceae caugh (B)
Zábila fever (B)
Aloe headache (B) fresh gel/ topical-emplast over head-front (Z)
healing wounds and fresh gel/ topical-emplast over head-front (B)
skin spots (B) fresh gel/ topical-emplast over head-front (Z)
external inflamations (B)
hair treatment (B) massaging (B)
stomach cancer (Z) fresh gel in concoction with honey/ oral (Z)
Bidens pilosa L. * herb wild in pastures with bushes composition native\ From the centrum to the south of the Andeans of Colombia3 0.00/ 0.04 0.00/ 0.00 leaves (Z)*2 skin infections (Z) rashes (Z) maceration/ topical-emplast (Z)
Asteraceae decoction/ topical-baths (Z)
ALCG 144
Chipaca
Spanish needle,black jack
Onoseris onoseroides (Kunth) Robins tall herb wild in slope hills and between bushes on open pastures introduced Central America and naturalized in Colombia 3 0.00/ 0.00 0.13/ 0.00 leaves (B) against bleedings (C) fresh leaves directly on the wound/ topical (C)
against uterus complaints (C)
Asteraceae infusion/ oral (C)
ALCG 139 pains in muscles (Z) maceration/ topical-emplast (Z)
Santa María
Conyza filaginoides (DC.) Hieron herb spontaneous in solar with some cultivated trees native Central Colombian Andeans 3 0.04/ 0.00 0.00/ 0.00 leaves and stems (Z) skin infections and rash (Z) fresh extract by maceration/ topical-massage (Z)
Asteraceae
ALCG 110
Venadillo
Pyrethrum parthenium (L.) herb cultivated in small garden introduced Eurasian, meridional-boreal3 0.36/ 0.28 0.00/ 0.00 leaves º2*2 and stems (Z)*2 intestinal complaints (Z) infusion/ oral (Z)
Sw. relaxant (Z) fresh maceration/ emplast (Z)
* º flowers (Z) uterus cramps (Z)
Asteraceae
ALCG 75
Manzanilla
Feverfew
Wild chamomille
Galinsoga parviflora Cav. herb cultivated in homegarden native Colombia, South America3,8 0.08/ 0.04 0.19/ 0.06 leaves (B) againts excess of stomach acids (B) decoction/ oral (B)
Asteraceae leaves and stems (C) condiment herb (B) decoction/ oral (B)
ALCG 90 against white plaques in mouth (C) fresh extract by maceration in water/ oral (C)
Guacas intestinal parasits (C)
Matricaria chamomilla L. * º herb cultivated in homegarden introduced Iran and Europe 3,8,17 0.32/ 0.32 0.38/ 0.38 leaves and flowers (B) stomach complaints (B) decoction or infusion (B)
leaves, stems and flowers (B) relaxant (B) infusion/ oral (B)
Asteraceae rheumatism (Z) fresh extract by maceration/ topical-massage (Z)
ALCG 96 colds, spams and cramps in muscles (C)
Manzanilla dulce decoction/ oral and fresh extract by maceration/ topical-massage (C)
Roman chamomile,
German chamomile
Taraxacum officinales F.H.Wigg. herb spontaneous in a farm with a large patch of secondary forest introduced Europe3 0.16/ 0.12 0.25/ 0.06 leaves (B) cardiovascular complaints (B) infusion/ oral (B)
* 2 infusion/ oral (C)
* º kidney complaints (C)
Asteraceae enhance lungs function (Z) infusion/ oral (Z)
ALCG 104 rheumatism (Z) decoction/ oral (Z)
liver cleanse (Z)
Diente de león maceration/ topical-emplast (Z)
Dandelion infusion/ oral (Z)
Artemisia absinthium L. * herb cultivated in homegarden introduced Europe3 and West Asia 0.32/ 0.16 0.19/ 0.13 leaves (B) stomach ache (B) infusion/ oral (B)
(e-CH) leaves (Z) liver cleanser (C) infusion/ oral (C)
Asteraceae leaves and stems (Z) to prevent extra blood flow during child delivery (Z) infusion/ oral (Z)
Ajenjo infusion/ oral (Z)
Absinthe wormwood, againts inflamations and infections (Z) decoction/ topical-baths (Z)
grand wormwood
Calendula officinalis L. * º short-lived plant cultivated in pod introduced South and East Europe3 0.60/ 0.24 0.31/ 0.19 flowers (B) external-internal inflamations (B) Decoction / topical, baths (B)
Asteraceae *2 º 2 gastritis (C) decoction / oral (B)
ALCG 57 leaves and flowers (C) skin infections (Z) infusion of leaves and flowers in concoction with drops of Crotons' sage/ oral (C)
Caléndula
Pot Marigold, Scotch Marigold leaves and stems (Z) menstrual cramps (Z) maceration of leaves/ topical (Z)
decoction/ topical,baths (Z)
Ambrosia cumanensis Kunth herb cultivated in homegarden native Colombian Andeans3 0.88/ 0.40 1.12/ 0.81 leaves and stems (B) gripe (B) infusion/ oral (B)
Asteraceae rheumatism (B) fresh plant in maceration / topical in cataplasm (B)
ALCG 63 branches (Z) children bledder complaints (B)
Altamisa concoction with Mentha suaveolens
Western Ragweed or Perennial Ragweed menstrual cramps (Z) and Ruta graveolens in infusion/ oral (Z)
colds and spams in muscles (C) fresh extract by maceration/ topical to rub body (C)
stomach ache (C)
decoction/ oral (C)
intestinal complaints (C)
against flies (Z ) branches are placed in dogs beds against flies (Z)
Anredera cordifolia Tenore Vine wild in edges of secondary forest with enought shadow and moisture native SouthAmerica (Colombia,Ecua-dor, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Bolivia,Brasil,Salvador)13 0.24/ 0.16 0.12/ 0.13 leaves and stems (B) fevers (B) decoction or infusion/ oral (B)
Basellaceae respiratory complaints (C) fresh extract by maceration in water/ topical-baths (Z)
ALCG 109
Rubacá
skin infections (Z) decoction/ oral (C)
muscles and tendons inflamations,edemas (Z) fresh extract by maceration/ topical-emplast or massage (Z)
Crescentia cujete L. 3,; * tree cultivated in homegarden native North Central America, Mexico and Belice, Colombian Andes,Amazons and Caribean3 0.00/ 0.00 0.06/ 0.06 young fruit (C)*2 caugh (C) fresh extract or juice/ oral (C)
Bignoniaceae asthma (C)
Totumo
Calabash tree
Jacaranda cf. copaia (Aubl.) D.Don tree cultivated in solar native Colombian Andeans and Orinoquia3 0.20/ 0.12 0.94/ 0.69 bark (B) Intestinal complaints (B) decoction/ oral (B)
Bignoniaceae leaves (Z) infusion/ oral (Z)
leaves (C) Kidney complaints (Z) infusion/ oral (C)
ALCG 69 branches (C) rheumatism (C) concoction with fresh maceration-Eucalyptus globulus and Allium sativum in extract in alcoholU2 / oral topical (C)
Gualanday gripe (C)
fevers (C)
denge (C) decoction/ oral (C)
skin infections (C) see concoction with Urtica dioica and Rosmarinus officinalis (C)
circulatory complaints (C)
mouth dryness (C)
Symphytum officinale L. herb cultivated in garden introduced Europe, West Asia 9 0.12/ 0.12 0.06/ 0.13 leaves (B) rheumatism (C) infusion/ oral (C)
Boraginaceae headache (C) concoction with Rosmarinus officinalis in decoction/ oral (Z)
ALCG 173 prostate complaints (Z)
Comfrey
Quaker Comfrey, boneset
Cannabis sativa L. herb cultivated introduced North West of Himalayan mountains, Asia7 0.12/ 0.00 0.19/ 0.06 leaves (B) rheumatism (B) concoction with Justicia filibracteolata in extract in alcoholU2/ oral (B),
Cannabaceae
ALCG 172        concoction with Aristolochia ringens, Erythroxylum coca and Justicia filibracteolata in extract in alcohol/ topical and oral (B)
Marihuana
Marijuana,Hemp,Cannabis maceration in extract in alcohol/ topical and oral (Z)U2
Clusia aff. ellipticifolia Cuatr. small tree cultivated in an edge of pastures plot native Colombian Andes and Amazons5 0.08/ 0.00 0.13/ 0.00 fruits (C) against warts (C) fresh fruit juice/ topical directly on skin (C)
leaves (Z) back pain (Z)
Clusiaceae or Guttiferae heated leaves/ topical directly on the back (Z)
ALCG 122
Gaque
Tradescantia zebrina Heynh. herb cultivated in small garden introduced Neotropical Guatemala and Mexico13 probably Panamá8 0.04/ 0.08 0.00/ 0.00 leaves and flowers (Z) diabetes (Z) decoction/ oral (Z)
Commelinaceae rheumatism (Z) maceration/ topical-emplast (Z)
ALCG 115
Suelda con suelda roja or cinta
Wandering jew
Callisia monandra (Sw.) Schult. & Schult f. herb wild in edge of secondary forest with enought shadow and moisture native to Caribean territories20 including Colombia 0.12/ 0.00 0.19/ 0.13 leaves and stems (B) fracture bones (B) maceration/ topical-emplast (B)
rheumatism (Z) maceration/ topical-emplast (Z)
Commelinaceae decoction/ topical-baths (Z)
ALCG 118
Suelda con suelda blanca
Cojite morado
Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw. climbing vine plant cultivated in homegarden introduced Central America and Mexico 8 0.08/ 0.08 0.06/ 0.00 fruit (B) hipertension complaints (B) decoction/ oral (B)
Cucurbitaceae
ALCG 151
Guatilla
Alligator pear,pear squash
Cupresus lusitanica Mill. tree cultivated in small garden introduced Europe7 naturalized in Mexico24 0.28/ 0.04 0.13/ 0.00 branches (B) rheumatism (B) decoction/ topical-baths (B)
Cupressaceae caughs and asthma (B) concoction with Eucalyptus globulus and Solanum nigrum in concentrated extract by decoction/ oral (B)
ALCG 129 against bledder complaints in children (C)
Pino ciprés
Mexican cypress,Cedar of Goa tiredness and weakness (Z) maceration/ topical-emplast (C)
kidney complaints (Z) concoction with Eucalyptus globulus in decoction/ topical-baths (Z)
decoction/ oral (Z)
Equisetum giganteum L.* herb wild in strem edge native Central and South America Central part of Colombian Andeans7 0.28/ 0.00 0.19/ 0.00 leaves and stem (B)*2 skin infections and inflamations (B) decoction/ topical-baths (B)
Equisetaceae decoction/ oral (Z)
ALCG 156 root (C) kidney complaints (B) decoction/ oral (B)
Cola de caballo
horsetail
againts rheumatism and osteoporosis (C) concoction with Furcraea macrophylla in decoction/ baths (C)
Erythroxylum coca Lam. Shrub or small tree Cultivated in solar native Colombia and South America5 0.08/ 0.08 0.44/ 0.25 leaves and branches (B) rheumatism (B) concoction with Cannabis sativa, Aristolochia ringens and Justicia filibracteolata in extract in alcohol/ topical and oral (B)
Erythroxylaceae rheumatism (C)
ALCG 73 leaves (C) tiredness and
Coca leaves (B) weakness (B)
leaves (Z) relaxant (B) decoction/ oral (C)
tooth pain (Z) infusion/ oral (B)
fresh maceration/ topical on the tooth (Z)
Croton Funckianus Muell. Arg. tree wild in edge of route native Colombian Andes5 0.00/ 0.00 0.06/ 0.06 leaves (C) tooth pain (C) maceration/ topical-emplast (B)
Euphorbiaceae
ALCG 120
Sangregado
Mimosa pudica L. herb wild in open pastures native South and Central America7 0.12/ 0.12 0.56/ 0.00 leaves (B) tooth pain (B) fresh maceration/ topical-emplast (B)
Fabaceae rheumatism (C) decoction/ topical-bath (C)
ALCG 175 for helping children to fall asleep (C)
Dormidera
Sensitive Plant, Mimosa
Senna obtusifolia (L.) Irwin & Barnaby shrub spontaneous in a sideroad introduced 48 lower states, Virgin Islands,Puerto Rico23 0.12/ 0.08 0.50/ 0.06 branches (B) fever (B) decoction/ topical-bath (C)
Fabaceae leaves (C) gripe (C) concoction with Trichanthera gigantea and Cestrum mariquitense in decoction/ topical-bath (Z)
ALCG 161 branches (C) headache (C) decoction/ oral (C)
Alcaparro branches (B) for healing uterus after giving birth (C) fresh extract by
Sicklepod to stop noise bleeding in children (Z) maceration/ topical-massage or bath (C)
decoction/ topical-bath (C)
decoction in milk/ topical-bath (Z)
Juglans neotropica Diels tree cultivated in solar within a secondary forests well drened native Amazons, Orinoquia Central Andes Range7 0.40/ 0.20 0.00/ 0.00 leaves (Z) allergies (Z) infusion/ oral (Z)
(e-CH/Z) leaves and branches (Z) diaper rash and other skin complaints as acne and feets' fungus (Z) decoction/ topical in baths (Z)
Juglandaceae leaves (Z) uterus cleaning (Z) decoction/ topical in hip baths (Z)
ALCG 67  
Cedro Nogal
Colombian walnut
Melissa officinalis L.* º herb cultivated in homegarden introduced Europe and Asia3 0.88/ 0.72 0.75/ 0.62 leavesº2 and stems (B)*2 gripe (B) decoction/ oral (B) or fresh extract by maceration in water/ oral (B) or infusion/ oral (B)
Lamiaceae fevers (B)
ALCG 92 relaxant (B)
Toronjil stomach ache (B)
Common balm intestine complaints (B)
Ocimum campechianum Mill. herb cultivated in homegarden native North, Central and Northern South America23 0.28/ 0.16 0.63/ 0.31 leaves (B) Intestinal complaints (B) infusion/ oral (B)
Lamiaceae seeds (B) eye dust (B) one seed is placed in the eye/ topical (B)
ALCG 74 leaves (Z) gripe (Z) infusion/ oral (Z)
Albahaca
Basil, Wild mosquito plant
Mentha viridis L. herb cultivated in homegarden introduced Europe 3 0.36/ 0.20 0.50/ 0.38 leaves (B) gripe (B) infusion/ oral (B)
Lamiaceae stomach ache (B) infusion or decoction/ oral (B)
ALCG 91 Menta inflammations of intestine (B) fresh extract by maceration in water/ oral (C)
Spearmint infusion/ oral (B)
Satureja brownei (Sw.) Briq. herb cultivated in small garden native South America, Colombian Andean Ranges3 0.60/ 0.20 0.19/ 0.06 leaves and stems (B) against bledder complaints in children (B) maceration/ topical-emplast (B)
Lamiaceae condiment herb (B) combination with food/ oral (B)
ALCG 130 stomach ache (Z) infusion/ oral (Z)
Poleo enhance blood cleaning (Z) infusion/ oral (Z)
Origanum majorana L.* herb cultivated in solar introduced Asia menor13 0.36/ 0.28 0.06/ 0.00 leaves (Z)*2 stomach aches and infusion or decoction/
Lamiaceae
ALCG 76 intestine complaints (Z) oral (Z)
Mejorana prostata complaints (Z) infusion/ oral (Z)
knotted marjoram,sweet marjoram kidney complaints (Z) infusion/ oral (Z)
Rosmarinus officinalis L.* º woody herb cultivated in homegarden introduced Península Ibérica, Western Mediterranean3 0.44/ 0.44 0.31/ 0.19 leaves (B) lungs complaints (B) infusion/ oral (C)
* 2 º 2 tooth pain (B) decoction in milk/ oral (Z)
(e-Z) leaves and stems (B) hipertension complaints (B) maceration/ topical-emplast on tooth (B)
Lamiaceae against hair loss (B) infusion/ oral (B)
ALCG 149 muscles pain (C) fresh extract by maceration/ topical-massage (C)
Romero rheumatism (C) decoction/ topical-baths (Z)
Rosemary stomach ache (Z) fresh extract by maceration/ topical-massage (C)
tiredness (Z) infusion/ oral (Z)
Mentha suaveolens Ehrh. herb cultivated in homegarden introduced Europe3 1.20/ 1.04 0.94/ 0.94 leaves (B) stomach ache (B) infusion or decoction/ oral (B)
Lamiaceae shoots (Z)   fresh extract by maceration/ oral (B)
ALCG 127 leaves and stems (Z)   infusion or fresh extract by maceration/ oral (B)
Yerbabuena blanca leaves (Z) headaches (B) concoction with Allium sativum cloves, in concentrated extract by decoction/ oral (Z)
Round leaved mint leaves and stems (Z) intestinal inflamations (B)
intestinal parasits (Z) concoction with Piper cf.bogotense, Trichanthera gigantea and Phytolacca rivinoidesin decoction/ topical-baths (Z)
against infections and inflamations (Z)
fevers (Z) infusion/ oral (Z)
concoction with Ambrosia cumanensis and Ruta graveolens in decoction/ oral (Z)
menstrual cramps (Z)
diaper rash (Z) decoction/ topical-baths (Z)
Persea americana Mill. tree cultivated in solar native Central and South America7 0.04/ 0.04 0.25/ 0.13 shoots (C) gripe (C) decoction and concoction with fresh extract of Verbena littoralis and Citrus limon juice/ oral (C)
apendicitis (C)
Lauraceae shoots (Z) sensitive gums (Z) decoction/ oral (C)
ALCG 100 fruit (C) against dry hair (C) maceration/ topical (Z)
Aguacate fruit (Z) regulator of digestion (Z) maceration/ topical-massage (C)
Avocado, butter pear combination with food/ oral (Z)
Allium fistulosum L. gregarious herb cultivated in homegarden introduced Siberia ; Altai montains in Siberia7 0.12/ 0.08 0.31/ 0.19 roots (B) intestinal obstipation (B) decoction/ oral (B)
fresh extract by maceration/ oral (C)
Liliaceae leaves (B) stomach ache (B) decoction/ oral (Z)
Cebolla larga leaves (B) condiment herb (B) combination with food (B)
Scallion, green onion young leaf (C) against intestinal obstipation in newborns (C) fresh leaf as suppository/ rectal (C)
roots (C) lost of memory (C)
leaves (B) fever (Z) decoction/ oral (C)
maceration/ topical-emplast on head-front (Z)
Allium sativum L. * º herb cultivated in pod introduced Southwestern Asia; Central Asia 7 0.32/ 0.04 0.12/ 0.06 bulbus (B) *2 º 2 gripe (C) concoction with alcohol-Aguardiente U2/ oral (C)
Liliaceae fevers (C) decoction/ oral (C)
Ajo againts intestinal worms (C) concoction with alcohol-Aguardiente-U2/ oral (Z)
Garlic againts amebiasis (Z) concoction with shoots of Menta suaveolens in concentrated extract by decoction/ oral (Z)
rheumatism (Z) concoction with Justicia filibracteolata and Aristolochia ringens in extract in alcohol U1- (Z)
Althaea officinalis L. º herb cultivated in pod introduced Mediterranean5 0.08/ 0.04 0.38/ 0.00 leaves (C) kidney complaints (C) infusion/ oral (C)
Malvaceae flowers (C) caugh (C) fresh extract by maceration/ oral (Z)
Malva leaves (B) stomach infusion/ oral (Z)
Marsh mallow ache (Z)
fever (Z)
Anoda cristata (L.) Schl. herb wild in open pastures introduced Mexico and part of Central America5 0.00/ 0.00 0.19/ 0.13 leaves and stems (C) fever (C) concoction with Senna obtusifolia in extract from maceration/ topical-bath or rub body (C)
Malvaceae healing wounds and againts spots (C) fresh extract by maceration/ topical-rub skin (C)
ALCG 170 decoction/ topical-bath (C)
Patechula (Campo Hermoso)
Escobo (Zetaquira)
Spuded anoda,crested anoda
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. shrub and groundcover cultivated in small garden introduced China11,13 0.12/ 0.08 0.31/ 0.19 leaves (C) intestinal obstipation (C) fresh extract by maceration/ oral (C)
Malvaceae leaves and flowers (C) fever (C) concoction with Cestrum mariquitense in decoction/ topical-bath (C)
ALCG 164 leaves (Z) againts hair loss (C) decoction/ topical-bath (C)
Rosado flowers (Z) nervous system tonic (Z) fresh extract by blending/ oral (Z)
Hibiscus eye inflamations (Z) fresh extract in water/ topical-eye-bath (Z)
Psidium guineense Sw. small tree spontaneous in a private pastures plot native Tropical America, native to Colombia5 0.12/ 0.08 0.44/ 0.31 leaves and branches (B) skin infections and recover wounds (B) decoction/ topical-baths (C)
maceration/ topical-emplast (Z)
decoction or infusion/ oral (B)
infusion/ oral and decoction/ topical-baths (C)
Myrtaceae intestinal complaints (B) decoction/ topical-baths (C)
concoction with other eight bitter plants in decoction/ topical-steam baths (C)
ALCG 121 against umbilical hernia (C)
Guayabo Zapatero or Cimarrón rheumatism (C)
against colds and cramps in uterus (C)
Brazilian guava, wild guava
Eucalyptus cf. globulus Labill. * º tall tree wild in edge of secondary forest introduced South East of Australia and Tasmania 6 ,10 0.56/ 0.00 0.44/ 0.19 leaves (B)* 2 gripe (B) infusion/ oral (B)
concoction with Jacaranda copaia and Allium sativum in decoction/ topical-baths (C)
fevers (C)
concoction with fresh maceration-Jaccaranda copaia and Allium sativum in cloves extract in alcoholU2 / oral (C)
caughs and asthma (B)
rheumatism (B) concoction with Solanum nigrum and Cupresus lusitanica in concentrated extract by decoction/ oral (Z)
tiredness and weakness (Z)
decoction/ topical-baths (B)
concoction with Cupresus lusitanica in decoction/ topical-baths (Z)
º 2
branches (C)
leaves (B)
branches (B)
leaves (Z)
Myrtaceae
ALCG 128
Eucalipto
Gum tree, Silver-leaved
mountain gum
Cattleya schroederae Rchb. F. Epiphytic herb cultivated in solar native Colombia8 0.00/ 0.00 0.69/ 0.63 leaves (C) typhus (C) fresh extract by maceration of one leafe/ oral (C)
denge (C) extract by blending in concoction with water/ oral (C)
fever (C) fresh extract by maceration of a piece of leafe in concoction with water/ oral (C)
intestinal
complaints (C)
Orchidaceae
ALCG 165
Lirio
Easter orchid, Baron schroeder´s
cattleya
Petiveria alliacea L. * herb cultivated in small garden native Andean(specially Peruvian Amazonas), Caribean and South east of Colombia 7 0.00/ 0.00 0.25/ 0.25 leaves (C)*2 stomach cancer (C) infusion/ oral (C)
decoction/ oral (C)
extract by maceration/ topical-rinsing mouth out/ (C)
against lacerations in mouth (C) infusion/ oral (C)
Phytolaccaceae headache (C)
ALCG 136
Anamú
Anamú plant
Phytolacca rivinoides Kunth & C.D.Bouché shrub spontaneous in a solar native Central and South America, Colombian Andeans7 0.08/ 0.00 0.38/ 0.25 leaves and branches (B) rheumatism (C) decoction/ topical-baths (C)
concoction with Mentha suaveolens,Piper bogotense and Trichanthera giganteain decoction/ topical-baths (Z)
erisipela (C)
inflamations and skin infections (C)
Phytolaccaceae inflamations and skin infections (Z)
ALCG 146
Guaba, Cargamanto
Piper hispidum Sw. shrub cultivated in solar/it can also occur in wild native Central and South America and native to Caribean territories20 0.00/ 0.00 0.44/ 0.38 leaves and stems (C) high blood presure (C) fresh extract by maceration in water/ oral (C)
fevers (C) concoction with Verbena littoralis in decoction/ topical-bath (C)
Piperaceae tiredness and weakness (C) decoction / topical-bath (C),steam baths/ topical(C)
ALCG 85 rheumatism (C)
Cordoncillo negro
Jamaican pepper
Piper cf. bogotense C.DC. shrub cultivated in solar/it can also occur in wild native North of South America 12 0.08/ 0.00 0.50/ 0.25 leaves (C) high blood presure (C) fresh extract by maceration in water/ oral (C)
fevers (C) extract in water/ oral (C)
concoction with Mentha suaveolens and Phytolacca rivinoides in decoction/ topical-bath (Z)
leaves and stems (Z) mouth dryness (C)
skin infections and inflamations (Z)
Piperaceae
ALCG 81
Cordoncillo blanco
Plantago major L.* herb spontaneous in homegarden introduced Europe and Asia3 0.32/ 0.16 0.81/ 0.31 leaves (B)*2 eye dust and infections (B) decoction/ topical eye bath (C)
fresh extract by destilation in glass bottle/ topical-eye drops (Z)
Plantaginaceae gastritis (B) fresh extract by maceration/ oral (B)
decoction/ oral (C)
fresh extract by maceration/ oral (Z)
decoction/ oral (C)
decoction/ oral (C)
fresh maceration in concoction with honey/ topical-emplast (C)
liver cleanser (B) concoction with Calendula officinalis and Solanum nigrum in decoction/ topical-baths (Z)
kidney complaints (C)
fever (C)
eczema (C)
healing wounds (Z)
ALCG 374
Llantén
Common plantain
Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf.* herb cultivated in solar introduced India 2 0.56/ 0.60 0.44/ 0.50 leaves (B)*2 stomach aches (B) infusion or decoction/ oral (B)
Poaceae infusion/ oral (Z)
decoction/ oral (Z)
decoction/ oral (C)
intestine complaints (Z)
gripe (Z)
ALCG 77 prostata complaints (C)
Limonaria or limoncillo
West Indian,Lemon grass,
oil grass
fevers (C)
Rumex crispus L. herb wild in open pastures introduced Europe7, West Asia 20 0.08/ 0.04 0.19/ 0.00 leaves (B) fevers (B) fresh extract by maceration/ oral (C)
fresh extract by maceration/ topical-baths (Z)
kidney complaints (C) fresh extract by maceration/ oral (C)
heated leaves/ topical directly on the lower belly (Z)
liver cleanser (C)
intestinal inflamations (Z)
Polygonaceae
ALCG 148
Romaza, Lengua de vaca
Curled dock
Rubus glaucus Benth. sub-shrub cultivated in homegarden native from Mexico to Ecuador and from center to south of Colombian Andeans7 0.28/ 0.00 0.50/ 0.13 shoots and fruits (B) rheumatism (B) decoction/ oral and decoction/ topical-baths (B)
against skin infections and inflamations (C) decoction/ topical-baths and infusion/ oral (C)
decoction/ topical-baths (C)
decoction/ oral (Z)
Rosaceae shoots (Z) against rashes (C)
against spots (C)
caughs (Z)
ALCG 126
Moras
Andean blackberry
Citrus aurantium var. Amara L. small tree cultivated in homegarden introduced Southern Vietnam13 , Southeast Asia5 0.20/ 0.20 0.69/ 0.25 fruit (B) relaxant (B) steam baths/ topical (B)
infusion/ oral (C)
decoction/ topical-for rinsing mouth (B)
headache (C) steam baths/ topical (C)
decoction/ topical-baths (Z)
decoction/ oral (Z)
mouth infections (B)
rheumatism (B)
body dryness (Z)
leaves (Z)
Rutaceae
Naranjo agrio
Bitter orange,Seville orange
Citrus maxima (Burm. ex Rumph.) Merr. small tree cultivated in homegarden introduced South East Asia 5,13 0.36/ 0.24 0.25/ 0.19 fruits (B) gripe (B) juice,alone or in combination with aguadepanela-U3-/ oral (B)
stomach ache (B) decoction of shoots/ oral (C)
juice in combination with water / oral (B)
inflamations because infections (C) decoction / topical-baths (C)
juice in combination with water/ oral (Z)
shoots (C) headache (Z) decoction/ topical-baths (Z)
fevers (Z)
rheumatism (Z)
fruits (B)
fruits and branches (C)
Rutaceae fruits (Z)
fruits and branches (Z)
ALCG 98
Limón mandarin
Pommelo, Pumelo
Ruta graveolens L.* herb cultivated in small garden introduced Canarian Islands Europe meridional5 1.24/ 1.08 0.75/ 0.50 leaves (B) to strengthen uterus (B) fresh choped leaves combined
with boiled egg/ oral (B)
decoction/ oral (B)
decoction/ topical-bath (Z)
fresh extract by maceration in water/ oral (C)
leaves, flowers and stems (B)*2 against cramps in uterus and menstural pains (B) infusion/ oral (Z)
Rutaceae
rheumatism (Z)
intestinal parasits (C)
cardioregulator (Z)
leaves and stems (C)
ALCG 86 leaves (Z)
Ruda
Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F. (e-Z) small tree cultivated in homegarden introduced Himalaya and Indochina5 0.52/ 0.20 1.00/ 0.63 fruits (B) gripe (B) juice alone or in combination with water or aguadepanela/ oral (B)
fevers (B) juice in combination with water/ oral (B)
against infections in throat (B) juice/ to gargle-topical (B)
juice in combination with water/ oral (B)
Rutaceae stomach complaints (B) a fresh hitted-hot fruit/ to massage-topical (C)
fruit pieces mixed with salt in water/ to do baths-topical (C)
ALCG 93 intestine complaints (B) fresh fruit pulp/ to rub the head-topical (C)
juice in combination with water/ oral (Z)
Limón ácido rheumatism (C)
againts excema (C)
headache (C)
to prevent high blood presure (Z)
Lemon,Citrus
Physalis peruviana L. shrub cultivated in homegarden introduced Northern South America-Peru 3 0.16/ 0.04 0.19/ 0.00 fruits (B) eye dust and infections (B) fresh extract from maceration/ topical-eye drops (B)
Solanaceae a variation is a concoction with honey (C)
ALCG 163
Uchuba,Guchuba
Cape gooseberry
Solanum nigrum L. * sub shrub spontaneous in solar introduced Eurasia 13,23 0.20/ 0.04 0.19/ 0.00 fruits and leaves (B)*2 diabetes (C) infusion/ oral (C)
decoction/ topical-baths (Z)
concentrated extract by decoction/ oral (Z)
inflamations and skin infections (Z)
Solanaceae respiratory complaints (Z)
ALCG 157
Yerbamora(Zetaquira)
Almoraduz(Campo Hermoso)
black night shade
Cestrum mariquitense Kunth shrub cultivated in solar native Tropical America 13 Boyacá and Cundinamarca-Colombia 3 0.08/ 0.08 0.50/ 0.25 leaves (B) sinucitis (B) fresh extract by maceration/ topical-noise drops (B)
fevers (B) fresh extract by maceration/ oral (B)
concoction with Hibiscus rosa sinenesis in decoction/ topical-baths (C)
headache (C)
fresh extract by maceration/ oral (C
Solanaceae
ALCG 102
Tinto
Cecropia sp. tree wild in secondary forest native Colombian Andes7 0.08/ 0.00 0.06/ 0.00 leaves (Z)*2 cardiac complaints as hypertrophy (B) concoction with alcohol-dye/ oral (B)
Urticaceae •
Cecropiaceae ++
Yarumo
Pumpwood, trumpet tree
Urera baccifera (L.) herb spontaneous in a farm with a large patch of secondary forest native Central and South America Central Andeans and Orinoquia in Colombia 7 0.20/ 0.08 0.25/ 0.06 leaves and branches (B) rheumatism (B) decoction/ topical baths (B)
infusion/ oral (C)
allergies (B)
Gaudich ex Wedd. Urticaceae leaves (C) blood circulation tonic (C)
ALCG 99
Ortiga mayor, Pringamoza
Urtica dioica L.* º herb spontaneous in a farm with a large patch of secondary forest introduced eurasian, meridional-boreal, native of Britain 18 0.44/ 0.32 1.12/ 0.63 leaves and stems (B) rheumatism (B) fresh-maceration/ topical in cataplasm (B)
allergies (B) decoction / topical in baths (B)
Infusion/ oral (B)
blood cleaner and tonic (B) fresh extract by maceration/ topical to rub skin (C)
infusion/ oral (C)
concoction with Jacaranda copaia and Rosmarinus officinalis in decotion/ oral (C)
Urticaceae leaves (B)*2 antihemoragic (B)
skin infection and inflamations (C)
leaves and stems (C) gripe (C)
mouth dryness (C)
ALCG 66 leaves (C)
Ortiga Blanca or Ortiga menor
Great Nettle or Stinging Nettle
Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E.Brown* shrub cultivated in homegarden native to Colombia 5,25 0.68/ 0.56 0.75/ 0.56 leaves (B)*2 stomach complaints (B), decoction / oral (B)
decoction/oral (C),infusion/oral (Z)
infusion/oral (Z)
diarrhoea (B)
tiredness and weakness (C), (Z)
Verbenaceae childbirth (Z)
ALCG 72
Pronto alivio
Bushy,Matgrass
Lippia citriodora (Lam.) Kunth* shrub cultivated in homegarden native Colombian Andean range 8 0.48/ 0.36 0.25/ 0.13 leaves (B)*2 stomach and intestinal complaints (B) infusion/ oral (B)
decoction/ oral (B)
relaxant (B) infusion/ oral (Z)
general indisposicion (Z)
Verbenaceae
ALCG 70
Cidrón
Lemon Scented Verbena
Lantana camara L. herb wild in open pastures native to Caribean territories including Colombia, Continental US and Hawai20 0.20/ 0.08 0.25/ 0.25 leaves and stems (B) high bilirubin in newborns (B) decoction/ topical-baths (B)
infusion/ oral (C)
decoction in milk/ oral and decoction/ topical-baths (C)
hepatitis (C) decoction/ topical-baths (Z)
yellow fever (C)
hepatitis (Z)
Verbenaceae flowers (C)
flowers, stems and leaves (C)
ALCG 117 leaves and stems (Z)
Florota
Cambara de Espinto or Pricky Lantana
Verbena littoralis Kunth * herb cultivated in solar native western and central Andean ranges5 0.96/ 0.40 0.88/ 0.63 leaves and stems (B) fevers (B) decoction/ topical baths (B)
  fresh extract by maceration in water/ oral (Z)
gripe (B) concoction with Calendula officinalis and Piper hispidum in decoction/ topical baths (C)
concoction with Piper hispidum in decoction/ topical in baths (C)
infusion/ oral (Z)
rheumatism (Z)
rheumatism (C)
tiredness and weakness (C)
Verbenaceae
ALCG 79
Verbena blanca
Vervain, owi
Viola odorata L.* Acaule herb Cultivated in small garden introduced Europe, Austral Asia and Boreal Africa 5 0.04/ 0.00 0.00/ 0.00 leaves*2 and stems (Z) cough (Z) infusion/oral (Z)
Violaceae asthma (Z)
ALCG 111
Violeta
Sweet violet/common violet        
  1. B: Both municipalities; C: Campo Hermoso; Z: Zetaquira.
  2. U1 A glass bottle is filled with plant(s) parts, red grape wine usually and, it is buried under the ground during a month.
  3. U2 A similar process as it is described in U1, with the variation of the use of aguardiente, which is the introduced alcoholic drink similar to spirit (snaps).
  4. U3 Aguadepanela is a traditional colombian homemade drink.The ingredients are water and panela, that is an unrefined food product of which the main component is sugarcane juice.
  5. * Reported in Colombian Vademecum, 2008;* 2 Plant material of interest reported in Colombian Vademecum, 2008.
  6. º Reported in WHO,2009; º 2 Plant material of interest reported in WHO, 2009.
  7. http://www.tropicos.org
  8. ++ http://www.ipni.org/ipni/plantnamesearchpage.do.
  9. (e-CH/Z) Endangered plant species according to the perceptions of the locals in Campo Hermoso (CH) and/or Zetaquira (Z).
  10. 1 Rothmaler Werner, 1994.
  11. 2 Antolinez González J. C. et.al ,2008.
  12. 3 Garcia Barriga Tomo III1992.
  13. 4 De Fraume Melida, 1988.
  14. 5 Garcia Barriga Tomo II,1992.
  15. 6 Fonnegra,2007.
  16. 7 Garcia Barriga Tomo I 1992.
  17. 8 Perez-Arbelaez 1978.
  18. 9 Centro de Educacion No Formal FUNIBA.
  19. 10 Carlos Paez Perez, 1964.
  20. 11 http://www.Botanical.com.
  21. 12 http://www.zipcodezoo.com/plants/.
  22. 13 http://www.en.wikipedia.org.
  23. 14 http://www.mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de.
  24. 15 http://www.flowersofindia.net.
  25. 16 http://www.mobot.org.
  26. 17 Soloiki M et al., 2008.
  27. 18 http://www.botanicus.org (Missouri Botanical Garden).
  28. 19 http://www.issg.org (global invasive species database).
  29. 20 http://www.cbif.gc.ca/itis (Integr. Taxonomi Inf. Sys.).
  30. 21 Missouri Bot. Garden 2007 in Colomb. Vademecum.
  31. 22 a.o. (tropicalforages.info).
  32. 23 http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SEOB4#.
  33. 24 http://www.conifers.org/cu/cup/lusitanica.htm.
  34. 25 Vera et. al. in Revista Cubana de plantas medicinales 2010.
  35. 26 http://zipcodezoo.com/Key/Plantae/Cecropia_Genus.asp.
  36. 27 http://plants.jstor.org/flora/flos003208.