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Table 7 Plant species according to the highest actual index use values obtained in both municipalities

From: Use and valuation of native and introduced medicinal plant species in Campo Hermoso and Zetaquira, Boyacá, Colombia

Scientific name (Voucher number) aIUV all aIUV Zq aIUV CH eIUV all eIUV Zq eIUV CH Medicinal uses
Mentha suaveolens Ehrh. * (ALCG 127) 1 1.04 0.94 1.10 1.20 0.94 stomach ache(B), headaches(B), intestinal inflammations(B), intestinal parasites(Z), fevers(Z), menstrual cramps(Z), diaper rash(Z)
Ruta graveolens L. *(ALCG 86) 0.85 1.08 0.50 1.05 1.24 0.75 against cramps in uterus and menstrual pains(B), rheumatism(Z), intestinal parasites(C), cardio-regulator(Z)
Melissa officinalis L. * (ALCG 92) 0.68 0.72 0.63 0.83 0.88 0.75 gripe(B),fevers(B),relaxant(B),stomach ache(B), intestine complaints(B)
Aloe vera (L.) Burman f. *˚ 0.6 0.63 0.63 0.64 0.64 0.63 asthma (B), cough(B), fever(B), headache(B), healing wounds and skin spots(B), external inflammations(B), hair treatment(B), stomach cancer(Z)
Ambrosia cumanensis Kunth (ALCG 63) 0.4 0.81 0.98 0.88 0.88 1.13 gripe(B), rheumatism(B), children bladder complaints(B), menstrual cramps(Z), colds and spams in muscles(C), stomach ache(C), intestinal complaints(C), against flies(Z)
Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E.Br. (ALCG 72) 0.56 0.56 0.71 0.68 0.68 0.75 stomach complaints(B), diarrhoea(B), tiredness and weakness(C)/(Z), childbirth(Z)
Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. * (ALCG 77) 0.6 0.50 0.51 0.56 0.56 0.44 stomach aches(B), intestine complaints(Z), gripe(Z), prostate complaints(C), fevers(C)
Verbena littoralis Kunth (ALCG 79) 0.4 0.63 0.93 0.96 0.96 0.88 fevers(B), gripe(B), rheumatism(Z)/ (C), tiredness and weakness(C)
Urtica dioica L. * (ALCG 66) 0.32 0.63 0.71 0.44 0.44 1.13 rheumatism(B), allergies(B), blood cleaner and tonic (B), anti-haemorrhagic(B), skin infection and inflammations(C), gripe(C), mouth dryness(C)
Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F. * (ALCG 93) 0.2 0.63 0.71 0.52 0.52 1.00 gripe(B), fevers(B), infections in throat(B), stomach and intestine complaints(B), rheumatism(C), eczema (C), headache(C), to prevent high blood pressure(Z)
Jacaranda cf. copaia (Aubl.) D.Don (ALCG 69) 0.12 0.69 0.49 0.2 0.2 0.94 Intestinal complaints(B), Kidney complaints(Z), rheumatism(C), gripe(C), fevers(C), dengue(C), skin infections(C), circulatory complaints(C), mouth dryness(C)
Matricaria chamomilla L. *(ALCG 96) 0.32 0.38 0.34 0.32 0.32 0.38 stomach-complaints(B),relaxant(B), rheumatism(Z),colds, spams and cramps in muscles (C)
Rosmarinus officinalis L. *(ALCG 149) 0.44 0.19 0.39 0.44 0.44 0.31 lungs complaints(B), tooth ache(B), hypertension complaints(B), against hair loss(B), muscles pain (C) rheumatism(C), stomach ache(Z), tiredness(Z)
Petroselinum crispum (Mill. Nyman ex A.W. Hill*(ALCG 87) 0.36 0.25 0.46 0.44 0.44 0.50 cardiovascular complaints as high blood pressure(B), enhance stomach function(B), halitosis(B), condiment herb(B), kidney complaints(C), intestinal pain(C), against menstrual pain(Z)
Lippia citriodora (Lam.) Kunth (ALCG70) 0.36 0.13 0.39 0.48 0.48 0.25 stomach and intestinal complaints(B), relaxant(B), general indisposition(Z)
Mentha viridis L. * (ALCG 91) 0.2 0.38 0.41 0.36 0.36 0.50 gripe(B), stomach ache(B), inflammations of intestine(B)
Sambucus nigra L. *(ALCG 68) 0.24 0.25 0.66 0.72 0.72 0.56 gripe(B), eye inflammations and infections(B), fevers(B), tiredness and weakness(Z), respiratory, complaints(B), head ache(Z), against hair lice(C)
Cattleya schroederae Rchb.f. (ALCG 165) 0 0.63 0.27 0 0 0.69 typhoid(C), dengue(C), fever(C), intestinal complaints(C)
Calendula officinalis L. * (ALCG 57) 0.24 0.19 0.49 0.6 0.6 0.31 external-internal inflammations(B), gastritis(C), skin infections (Z), menstrual cramps(Z)
Ocimum campechianum Mill. (ALCG 74) 0.16 0.31 0.41 0.28 0.28 0.63 intestinal complaints(B), eye dust (B), gripe(Z)
Chenopodium ambrosioides L. (ALCG 80) 0.12 0.38 0.41 0.4 0.4 0.44 stomach complaints(B), intestinal parasites(B)
Citrus maxima (Burm. ex Rumph.) Merr. *(ALCG 98) 0.24 0.19 0.32 0.36 0.36 0.25 gripe(B), stomach ache(B), inflammations because infections(C), headache(Z), fevers(Z), rheumatism(Z)
Apium graveolens L. * ˚ 0.24 0.19 0.22 0.2 0.2 0.25 intestinal obstipation(B), stomach ache(B), condiment herb(B), relaxant(B), to regulate menstruation(Z)
Plantago major L*.(ALCG 374) 0.16 0.31 0.51 0.32 0.32 0.81 eye dust and infections(B), gastritis(B), liver cleanser(B), kidney complaints(C), fever(C), eczema(C), healing wounds(Z)
Citrus aurantium var. amara L. *˚ 0.2 0.25 0.39 0.2 0.2 0.69 relaxant(B), headache(C), mouth infections(B), rheumatism(B), body dryness(Z)
  1. Includes also estimated index use values.
  2. *Introduced plant species; ˚No specimen collected; (C) Campo Hermoso; (Z) Zetaquira; aIUV Actual Index Use Value; eIUV Estimated Index Use Value; all-aIUV/eIUV Sum of all values corresponding to actual or estimated uses.