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Table 1 Diseases/disorders, plant parts in use and mode of preparations

From: Medicinal plants, traditional medicine, markets and management in far-west Nepal

Category and diseases/disorders Total number of species used Specific disorder and species and its highest mentions and IC value
NVS - Memory longevity, migraine, epilepsy, laxative, aphrodisiac, tonic, stimulant 19 Aphrodisiac – Cs (50) ICV = 1 Epilepsy – Ng (31) ICV = 0.97 Laxative – Pe (28) ICV = 0.97
OTH - Pesticidal, repellant, paralysis, toothache 14 Pesticidal – Ac (42) ICV = 0.96 Toothache – Za (45) ICV = 0.95 Paralysis – Ca (24) ICV = 0.96
DIG - Anthelmintic, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, gallstone, indigestion, dysentery, gastric trouble 44 Gall stone – Bc (43) ICV = 0.95 Anthelmintic – VJ (32) ICV = 0.95 Nausea/vomiting – Ct (34) ICV = 0.95
OPTH - Eye disease 4 Eye complaints - Ba (34)
ICV = 1
Eye complaints – Pn (31) ICV = 0.95 Eye complaints – Ap (31) ICV = 0.95
DER - Scabies, skin diseases, allergy, moles, hair problems 13 Hair problems - Sam (34) ICV = 0.93 Scabies – Cop (25) ICV = 0.93 Skin promlem – Pz (25) ICV = 0.93
MSK - Antispasmodic, sprain, fracture, arthritis, rheumatism 10 Arthritis – Jc (33) ICV = 0.96 Sprain – Bv (32) ICV = 0.96 Fractures – Ud (32) ICV = 0.96
INJ - Cuts, wounds, sore, inflammation 16 Cuts/wounds - Dh (31) ICV = 0.86 Wounds – Cas (31) ICV = 0.86 Cuts – Eph (31) ICV = 0.86
GUS - Urinary complaints, gonorrhea, syphilis, diuretics 11 Diuretics – Pe (31) ICV = 0.92 Diuretics – Ms (31) ICV = 0.92 Urinary complaints – Ach (26) ICV = 0.92
RES - Asthma, pneumonia, bronchitis, jaundice, cough/cold 18 Jaundice – Cr (27) ICV = 0.91 Pneumonia – Mh (24) ICV = 0.91 Asthma – Ms (16) ICV = 0.91
INF - Burn, scald, boil, earache, fever 16 Fever – Sc (26) ICV = 0.90 Burns – Cn (19) ICV = 0.90 Boils - Pr (19) ICV = 0.90
PRG – Lactation, easy delivery 3 Easy Delivery - Ari (23) ICV = 0.97 Lactation – Ar (21) ICV = 0.97  
CVC - Bleeding, blood disorders, liver disorders, spleen disorders, jaundice, hemorrhage 15 Blood disorders – Mk (22) ICV = 0.94 Haemorrhage – Ari (21) ICV = 0.94 Liver disorder – Mo (15) ICV = 0.94
POS - Antidote, snake bite, scorpion sting, fish stupefying 4 Snake bite – Pp (18) ICV = 0.90 Scorpion sting – Acv (18) ICV = 0.90 Antidote – Asp (15) ICV = 0.90
  1. CVC – Cardiovascular, DER – Dermatological, DIG – Digestive, GUS – Genito-urinal, INF – Infections, INJ – Injuries, MSK – Musculo-skeletal, NVS – Nervous, OPTH - Ophthalmic, OTH – Others, POS – Poisonous, PRG – Pregnancy, RES – Respiratory
  2. Aa = Angelica archangelica (KU 07210), Ac = Acorus calamus (KU 07234), Ach = Anthocephalus chinensis (KU 07220),Acv = Adiantum capillis-veneris (KU 07224), Ap = Abrus precatorius (KU 07209), Ar = Asparagus racemosus (KU 07221), Ari = Astilbe rivularis (KU 07231), Asp = Aconitum species (KU 07233), Ba = Berberis asiatica (KU 07246),Bc = Bergenia ciliata (KU 07252), Bv = Bauhinea vahlii (KU 07240), Ca = Curcuma aromatica, Cas = Centella asiatica (KU 07276), Cn = Coriaria nepalensis (KU 07247),Cs = Cordyceps sinensis (KU 07241), Co = Curculigo orchioides (BKU 020),Cop = Colebrookea oppositifolia (KU 07232), Cr = Cuscuta reflexa (BKU 053), Ct = Cinnamomum tamala (BBU 095), Dh = Dactylorhiza hatagirea (KU 07271), Ep = Eclipta prostrata (BKU 055), Eph = Entada phaseoloides (KU 07236), Fn = Fragaria nubicola (KU 07242), Jc = Jatropha curcas (BBU 056), Jr = Juglans regia (KU 07272), Mc = Morchella conica (KU 07243), Mh = Melothria heterophylla (KU 07255), Mk = Murraya koenigii (BBU 091), Mo = Moringa oleifera (KU 07237), Mp = Mallotus philippensis (BKU 092), Ms = Mentha spicata (BKU 058), Ng = Nardostachys grandiflora (DBU 060), Ns = Neopicrorhiza scrophulariflora (DKU 090),
  3. Osp = Osmanthus species (KU 07244), Ow = Osyris wightiana (KU 07250), Pe = Phyllanthus emblica (BKU 135), Pn = Parnasia nubicola (KU 205), Pp = Paris polyphylla (DBU 134), Pr = Pinus roxburghii, Pu = Prinsepia utilis (BKU 136), Pz = Plumbago zeylanica (BBU 089), Sam = Sapindus mukorossi (DKU 087), Sc = Swertia chirayita (DBU 067), Sd = Scutellaria discolor (KU 07263), Sm = Sophora mollis (KU 07275), Tc = Thalictrum cultarum (KU 07284), Ud = Urtica dioica (KU 07290), Vj = Valeriana jatamansii (KU 07279), Za = Zanthoxylum armatum (KU 07291).