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Table 4 Conditions

From: Johan Turi’s animal, mineral, vegetable cures and healing practices: an in-depth analysis of Sami (Saami) folk healing one hundred years ago

Ailment   Source Method References
appetite loss T1 p. 119 let blood from above the foot* A: [12, 13]
B: [79]
backaches T1 p. 126 massage the area, pull and stretch the skin A: [12, 13, 29]
C: [80, 81]
bleeding, hemorrhage T1, T2 p. 129, XXV, XXXI recite an incantation** A: [29]
body aches (hip, back, chest, shoulder, shooting pains) T1, T2 p. 119, XXVIII let blood from specific areas of the body* A: [12, 13]
B: [79]
boils T2 XXIX recite an incantation** A: [13, 29]
bostta T1, T2 p. 122, 128, XVIII, XIX (see below) A: [12]
dead body bostta (from touching a dead person’s clothing or smelling their corpse) T2 XVIII recite an incantation** A: [13, 29]
dead body bostta (from ingestion of corpse fluid) T2 XVIII none provided  
dry-earth bostta (psoriasis?) T2 XVIII rub a piece of sod (possibly a lichen) on affected area** C: [67, 68, 82]
earth bostta (infectious disease?) T2 XVIII rub a piece of sod (possibly a lichen) on affected area** C: [67, 68, 82]
old-maid bostta (unknown) T2 XVIII press the sick spot with the old-maid’s clothes and recite an incantation** B: [14]
wet-earth bostta (small pox, chicken pox, eczema?) T2 XVIII rub a piece of sod (possibly a lichen) on affected area** C: [67, 68, 82]
wind bostta (genetic condition, maybe eczema?) T2 XVIII recite an incantation**  
chest pain T1 p. 119 let blood from above the foot* A: [12, 13]
B: [79]
childbirth T1, T2 p. 24, 128–129 XXXVIII advice and various techniques provided (see other tables)** A: [12, 13]
constipation T1 p. 124 administer an edema of oatmeal and warm water, or reindeer bone fat and warm water A: [12, 13]
coughing T1 p. 126 cool soles of patient’s feet with ice and then heat them up as hot as the patient can stand A: [12, 13, 63]
dislocated joints and fractures T1 p. 167 cool the affected bones in a stream until numb then set the bones to the proper positions, secure with a splint A: [13]
drowning T1 p. 127 lay victim so water can drain out of the lungs, be quiet so as to not frighten the life spirit, massage the victim A: [83]
C: [84]
fainting T1 p. 120 burn undergarments, let blood from nine different locations*  
T1 p. 127 flap victim’s arms up and down A: [83]
C: [85]
fractures T2 XXXV burn a small amount of fungus (Piptoporus betulinus) directly on the affected area A: [12]
frostbite T1 p. 124 massage affected area with subsurface snow until it becomes red again A: [12]
gout T1 p. 120 let blood from the outer side of the leg, arm, and ankle A: [12, 13]
B: [79]
headache T1 p. 121 massage head and neck, pull hair at the apex of the head, wash the head in hot coffee A: [12, 13, 29]
C: [61, 81]
T2 XXXV burn a small amount of fungus (Piptoporus betulinus) directly on the affected area A: [12]
nausea T1 p. 127 measure the belt of the affected person (to induce vomiting) A: [13]
pneumonia T2 XXXV burn a small amount of fungus (Piptoporus betulinus) on body A: [12]
pregnancy cravings T2 XXXVII pass partially chewed food to a female dog* A: [12]
B: [14]
C: [16]
rheumatism T2 XXXV burn a small amount of fungus (Piptoporus betulinus) directly on the affected area A: [12]
startling T1 p. 120 bleed three small amounts of blood from the “heart artery,” if bleeding persists, press with silver coin* A: [12, 13, 29]
B: [79]
strained spermatic cords T1 p. 126 rub gently in an upward direction A; [12]
C: [80, 81]
strained tendons T2 XXVI wrap with wool and recite an incantation** A: [12]
C: [33]
swelling T1 p. 124 mix flecks of copper into reindeer fat and apply to swelling B: [8, 48]
C: [49, 50]
T1 p. 124 apply a thin layer of birch bark (Betula sp.) to the affected area A: [12]
T2 XXXIV burn a small piece of sailcloth on affected area A: [12]
swelling explanation T2 XXI, XXVII an invasion of cold, heat, water, or perspiration into a wound, can use magic to prevent* B: [7]
toothache T1 p. 121 stab the sore gland near tooth with an awl, release at least three drops of blood A: [12]
C: [86]
toothache T1 p. 126 rub both sides of throat, all around the mouth, neck tendons, and back tendons C: [61, 86]
toothache T2 XXXV burn a small amount of fungus (Piptoporus betulinus) directly on the affected area  
unconscious infant (strangled by umbilical cord) T1 p. 24 suck on mouth and nose, leave cord intact  
urinary stoppage (female) T1 p. 124 administer an edema of oatmeal and warm water, or reindeer bone fat and warm water A: [12]
urinary stoppage (male) T1 p. 124 rub soot from the bottom of a copper kettle on the outside of the penis A: [12]
wound caused by iron T2 XXXI recite an incantation** A: [29]
  1. *magical treatment.
  2. **accompanying incantation.
  3. A: mentions of similar remedies used in other cultures.
  4. B: historical commentaries on a particular remedy or technique.
  5. C: research that evaluates the possible efficacy of compounds or techniques described in the remedy.