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Table 2 Edible agricultural weeds reported by the people of Shurugwi District, Zimbabwe

From: Use of weeds as traditional vegetables in Shurugwi District, Zimbabwe

Family/species/voucher number Vernacular name Part used Availability No. of citations (%)
Amaranthaceae
Amaranthus hybridus L.; AM543 Mbuya (S); pigweed (E) Leaves cooked as vegetable Rainy/harvest season 39.5
*A. spinosus L.; AM123 Mbuya (S); thorny pigweed (E) Leaves cooked as vegetable Rainy/harvest season 8.8
A. thunbergii Moq.; AM321 Mbuya (S); poor man’s spinach (E) Leaves cooked as vegetable Rainy/harvest season 12.2
Celosia trigyna L.; AM289 Mundawarara (S); silver spinach (E) Leaves cooked as vegetable Rainy/harvest season 16.3
Asteraceae
*Bidens pilosa L.; AM490 Black jack (E); sine (S) Leaves cooked as vegetable Rainy/harvest season 6.1
*Galinsoga parviflora Cav.; AM604 Chickweed (E) Young leaves and shoots cooked as vegetable Rainy/harvest season 7.5
*Sonchus oleraceus L.; AM111 Rurimirwemombe (S); snow thistle (E); Leaves cooked as vegetable Rainy/harvest season 2.7
Capparaceae
Cleome gynandra L.; AM308 Nyovhi (S); spider flower (E) Leaves and young shoots cooked as leafy vegetable. Leaves and shoots sun dried for later consumption Rainy/harvest/dry season 93.9
C. monophylla L.; AM434 Musemwasemwa (S); spindle pod (E); Leaves cooked as vegetable Rainy/harvest season 25.9
Chenopodiaceae
*Chenopodium album L.; AM322 Fat hen (E); mubvunzandadya (S) Leaves cooked as vegetable Rainy/harvest season 23.8
Cucurbitaceae
*Cucumis anguria L.; AM449 Muchacha (S); wild gherkin (E) Leaves and young shoots cooked as leafy vegetable. Leaves and young shoots sun dried for later consumption Rainy/harvest/dry season 87.8
C. metuliferus Naudin AM612 Mugaka (S); spiny cucumber (E) Edible fruit pulp. Ripe fruit stored for later use Rainy/harvest/dry season 90.5
Cyperaceae
Cyperus esculentus L.; AM361 Pfende (S) Corm (excluding peel) edible Rainy/harvest season 10.2
Malvaceae
Hibiscus articulatus Hochst. ex A. Rich.; AM122 Derere hambakachere (S); wild hibiscus (E) Leaves cooked as vegetable Rainy/harvest season 11.6
Moringaceae
*Moringa oleifera Lour.; AM309 Drumstick tree (E); moringa (S) Leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds cooked as vegetable Rainy/harvest/dry season 8.2
Oxalidaceae
*Oxalis latifolia Kunth; AM328 Musauti (S) Corm (excluding peel) edible Rainy/harvest season 9.5
Solanaceae
*Physalis angulata L.; AM365 Muguzubheri Fruit eaten raw Rainy/harvest season 10.9
*Solanum nigrum L.; AM381 Black nightshade (E); Musungusungu (S) Leaves, young shoots cooked as vegetable, ripe fruit edible Rainy/harvest season 13.6
Tiliaceae
Corchorus asplenifolius Burch.; AM392 Derere (S); Jute (E) Leaves and young shoots cooked as vegetable Rainy/harvest season 6.8
C. olitorius L.; AM118 Derere (S); Jute (E) Leaves and young shoots cooked as vegetable Rainy/harvest season 4.8
C. tridens L.; AM528 Derere (S); Wild jute (E) Leaves and young shoots cooked as vegetable. Leaves and young shoots sun dried for later consumption Rainy/harvest/dry season 50.3
  1. Abbreviations: E = English; S = Shona.
  2. Species marked with asterisk (*) are exotic.