Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 2 Plants used in the preparation of medicinal foods by Chinese and Taiwanese immigrants in the metro-Atlanta area

From: A comparison of traditional food and health strategies among Taiwanese and Chinese immigrants in Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Scientific name [Voucher ID] Chinese name English name PUa MCb Medicinal use %Tc %TW %CHN
AMARANTHACEAE         
Amaranthus spp. [SJ05] 苋菜 Amaranth St; Le SF; So Source of iron 25 33 17
AMARYLLIDACEAE         
Allium cepa L. [SJ19] 洋葱 Onion Bu So; SF High in nutrients; Antioxidant 19 30 10
Allium chinense G. Don [SJ04] Chinese scallion Le So; F; R Immune enhancer 32 44 20
Allium sativum L. [SJ13] 大蒜 Garlic Bu SF; So Immune enhancer; Used to treat first signs of cold/viral infection. 70 70 70
Allium schoenoprasum L. [SJ23] 韭菜 Chives St; Le Fr; Du Tonic 18 19 17
APIACEAE         
Angelica spp. [SJH18] 当归 Angelica Ro T Tonic 21 26 17
Bupleurum chinense DC. 柴胡 Thorowax root Ro T Tonic 9 0 17
ARACEAE         
Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott [SJ02] 芋头 Taro Tu So; Sm; St Improve complexion; Remove toxins 28 41 17
ARALIACEAE         
Panax ginseng C.A. Mey. [SJH16] 人参 Ginseng Ro T; So Maintenance; Warmth; Tonic 23 30 17
ASTERACEAE         
Arctium lappa L. [SJ17] 山瑶 Burdock Ro Fr; So Immune maintenance & enhancer 28 37 20
AURICULARIACEAE         
Auricularia auricula-judae (Bull.) J.Schröt. [SJH03] 黑木耳 Black woodear Fu So Improve circulation; Tonic 35 44 27
BRASSICACEAE         
Isatis tinctoria L. 板蓝根 Woad root Ro So Maintenance; Immune enhancer 14 0 27
CARICACEAE         
Carica papaya L. [SJ03] 木瓜 Papaya Fr R Digestive 14 30 0
CONVOLVULACEAE         
Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. [SJ10] 空心菜 Water spinach St; L SF; So Tonic; Cooling 12 26 0
Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. [SJ09] 红薯 Sweet potato Tu So Cold/flu remedy; Remove toxins 46 52 40
    L So; Fr Digestion; Remove toxins; Hypertension; Diabetes 16 33 0
CUCURBITACEAE         
Cucurbita spp. 南瓜 Pumpkin Fr So; D Tonic; Remove toxins 18 22 13
Momordica charantia L. [SJ24] 苦瓜 Bitter melon Fr So Cooling chi properties 32 44 20
Momordica grosvenorii Swingle [SJH07] 罗汉果 Monk fruit Fr So; T Cooling chi properties; Anti-tussive; Expectorant; Sore throat remedy 32 37 27
FABACEAE         
Astragalus onobrychis L. 黄芪 Astragalus Ro T Tonic 23 26 20
Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi [SJ20] Kudzu L Fr; So Tonic 11 15 7
Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek [SJH08] 绿豆 Mung bean Fr So Cold/flu remedy; Remove toxins 53 63 43
GINKGOACEAE         
Ginkgo biloba L. [SJ18] 银杏 Ginkgo Fr So Maintenance; Intelligence/heightened mental acuity 35 44 27
LILIACEAE         
Lilium spp. 百合 Lily Bu So Maintenance; Immune enhancer 25 26 23
MALVACEAE         
Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench [SJ08] 羊角豆 Okra Fr R; Sl; Dr Diabetes (regulates blood sugar) 16 33 0
NELUMBONACEAE         
Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. [SJ16] Lotus Se; Ro So Immune enhancer; Tonic 37 44 30
PEDALIACEAE         
Sesamum indicum L. [SJH02] 黑芝麻 Black sesame Se R Improve skin complexion; Tonic for the blood 46 52 40
POACEAE         
Bambusa oldhamii Munro [SJ24] Bamboo St F;So Cooling chi properties 18 22 13
Hordeum vulgare L. [SJH01] 大麦 Barley Se So Treat urinary tract infection; Fiber source; Improve digestion/laxative 30 37 23
RHAMNACEAE         
Ziziphus jujuba Mill [SJH10] 红枣 Red date Fr So Improve circulation 53 63 43
ROSACEAE         
Crataegus spp. Hawthorn Fr R; Ca Cough remedy; Cholesterol 32 37 27
Pyrus bretschneideri Rehder [SJ15] 鸭梨 Ya Li pear Fr So/Rs Cough remedy 28 30 27
RUTACEAE         
Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck [SJ25] 柠檬 Lemon Fr J Antibacterial; Antioxidant 12 15 10
Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck [SJH09] 橘子 Orange Pe T Cough remedy 18 26 10
SOLANACEAE         
Lycium chinense Mill. [SJ01] 枸杞 Goji Le; Be So Source of Vitamin A; Good for eyes and complexion 46 59 33
Solanum lycopersicum L. [SJ12] 西红柿 Tomato Fr R; So; SF; St Immune enhancer; Male system 26 33 20
THEACEAE         
Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze [SJH05] 绿茶 Green tea Le T Cooling chi properties 33 44 23
TREMELLACEAE         
Tremella fuciformis Berk. [SJH20] 英耳 White wood ear Fu So Cooling chi properties 40 48 33
ZINGIBERACEAE         
Zingiber officinale Roscoe [SJ14] Ginger Tu So Febrifuge 61 70 53
  1. aParts Used (PU): Be: berry; Bu: bulb; Fr: fruit; Fu: fungus; Le: leaves; Pe: skin peel; Ro: root; Se: seed; So/Rs: soup prepared with rock sugar; St: stems; Tu: tuber.
  2. bMethod of Cooking (MC): Ca: candied; D: dessert; Dr: drinks; Du: dumplings; F: fried; J: juice; R: raw; Sl: sliced; SF: stir fried; Sm: smashed; So: soup; St: steamed; T: tea.
  3. cTotal % (T): This reflects the total number of informant citations; TW%: percent of Taiwanese informants that cited this use; CHN%: percent of Chinese informants that cited this use.