Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Medicinal values of wild edible vegetables of lesser Himalayas-Pakistan

From: Ethnobotanical appraisal and cultural values of medicinally important wild edible vegetables of Lesser Himalayas-Pakistan

S. No Botanical name/Family Part used Mode of preparation and application Diseases cured
1 Amaranthus hybridus L. Seeds Dried seeds are grinded and powder is taken orally with water. Eye vision
Amaranthaceae
2 Amaranthus spinosus L. Seeds Dried seeds powder is taken orally with water. Eye vision
Amaranthaceae
3 Amaranthus viridis L. Seeds Dried seeds powder is taken orally with water. Eye vision
Amaranthaceae Roots Fresh roots are crushed and paste is applied topically Scorpion sting
4 Digera muricata L. Leaves Fresh leaves are cooked in water and paste is taken orally. Constipation
Amaranthaceae
5 Dryopteris ramosa (Hope) C. Chr. Leaves Leaves are cooked as vegetable and taken orally. Gastric ulcer, constipation
Aspidiaceae
6 Bidens bipinnata L. Leaves Fresh leaves extract is applied topically. Leprosy and skin cuts
Asteraceae
7 Cichorium intybus L. Leaves Fresh leaves decoction is taken orally Fever, gas trouble, and body swelling
Asteraceae
8 Launaea procumbens (Roxb.) Ramayya & Rajagopal Leaves Fresh leaves are grinded along with sugar and extract is taken orally Painful micturation
Asteraceae
9 Sonchus asper L. Leaves Leaves decoction is taken orally Fever, constipation
Asteraceae
10 Sonchus oleraceous L. Leaves Fresh leaves decoction is taken orally Body weakness, constipation
Asteraceae
11 Taraxacum officinale L. Rhizome Fresh rhizomes decoction is taken orally Jaundice
Asteraceae
12 Bombax malabaracum (DC.) Schott & Endlicher Bark Fresh bark is crushed and past is applied topically Skin eruptions, pimples, joint pain
Bombacaceae
13 Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.). Leaves Fresh leaves decoction is taken orally Menstrual disorder
Medic Brassicaceae
14 Nasturtium officinale R.Br. Brassicaceae Leaves Fresh leaves are cooked as vegetables and taken orally Constipation
15 Bauhinia variegate L. Caesalpiniodeae Leaves, flowers Leaves and flowers paste is give to cattle Diarrhoea
16 Silene conoidea L. Caryophyllaceae Leaves Fresh leaves paste is applied topically Skin infection
17 Stellaria media (L.). Cyr. Caryophyllaceae Leaves Fresh leaves paste is applied topically Swelling joints, broken bones
Fresh leaves decoction is taken orally Constipation
18 Chenopodium album L. Chenopodiaceae Leaves Fresh leaves are cooked as vegetable and eaten raw. Constipation, intestinal worms
Fresh leaves are grinded and mixed with water and sugar. This juice is taken orally Jaundice, urinary disorder
19 Commelina benghalensis L. Roots Dried roots are grinded and powder is taken orally Epilepsy
Commelinaceae   Fresh roots decoction is taken orally Stomach disorders
20 Evolvulus alsinoides L. Leaves Leaves are crushed and mixed along with water. This juice is taken orally Indigestion, constipation
Convolvulaceae
21 Dioscorea deltoidea Wall. ex, Kunth. Tubers Tubers are crushed and paste is taken orally and topically Intestinal worms and lice
Dioscoreaceae
22 Lamium amplexicaule L. Leaves Fresh leaves paste is applied topically Joints swelling
Lamiaceae
23 Origanum vulgare subsp. Hirtum L. Leaves Fresh leaves are chewed Toothache and mouth gums
Lamiaceae
24 Tulip stellata var. clusiana Hk. f., Bulbs Fresh bulbs are pealed off and taken orally Heart problem
Liliaceae
25 Malva parviflora L. Leaves Fresh leaves decoction is taken orally Constipation, cough, fever
Malvaceae
26 Ficus carica L. Leaves Fresh leaves are crushed and paste is applied topically Boils
Moracea Latex Fresh milky latex is applied topically Watts
27 Ficus palmata Forssak. Leaves Fresh leaves are boiled in the milk of goat and taken orally Bowel complaints
Moracea Latex Milky latex is applied topically Warts, small tumours
28 Oxalis corniculata L. Leaves Fresh leaves are crushed and paste is applied topically Worms and scorpion sting
Oxalidaceae
29 Lathyrus aphaca L. Seeds Dried seeds powder is mixed in tobacco Narcotic, soothing effect
Papilionoideae
30 Medicago polymorpha L. Leaves Fresh leaves are cooked in water and taken orally Constipation, indigestion
Papilionoideae
31 Melilotus albus Medik. Leaves Fresh leaves paste is applied topically Inflammation, joint pain
Papilionoideae
32 Melilotus indicus (L.) Leaves Fresh leaves paste is applied topically Joint swelling
All. Papilionoideae
33 Vicia faba L. Leaves Fresh leaves decoction is taken orally Kidney pain, eye infection
Papilionoideae
34 Vicia sativa L. Leaves Leaves paste is applied topically Scorpion sting
Papilionoideae
35 Plantago lanceolata L. Leaves Fresh leaves paste is applied topically Sores
Plantaginaceaea Seed husk Seed husk along with sugar (Gur) is mixed in water and taken orally Jaundice, internal body inflammation, constipation
36 Polygonum amplexicaule D. Don, Prodr. Leaves Fresh leaves are boiled in water along with sugar and decoction is taken orally Fever, joint pain, flue
Polygonaceae
37 Polygonum aviculare L. Leaves Fresh leaves decoction is taken orally Diarrhoea, dysentery
Polygonaceae
38 Rumex dentatus L. Leaves Fresh leaves are applied topically Stinging nettle.
Polygonaceae
39 Rumex hastatus D. Don, Prodr. Leaves and roots Fresh leaves are roots are crushed and mixed in water. This extract is taken orally Jaundice
Polygonaceae
40 Portulaca quadrifida L. Leaves Fresh leaves are slightly wormed and applied topically Joint swelling
Portulaceaea
41 Galium aparine L. Leaves Fresh leaves paste is applied topically Wounds healing
Rubiaceae Extract of fresh leaves is taken orally. Jaundice
42 Veronica arvensis L. Leaves Fresh leaves decoction is taken orally Skin infection, blood purifier
Scrophulariaceae
43 Solanum nigrum L. Leaves Leaves are crushed and mixed in water. This extract is applied topically Washing painful eyes
Solanaceae
44 Pimpinella diversifolia (Wall.) DC. Prodor. Leaves Dried leaves are grinded along with salt and powder is taken orally Gas trouble, indigestion
Umbelliferae
45 Torilis leptophylla (L.) Leaves Dried leaves powder is taken orally with water Gastrointestinal disorders
Reichb.f. Umbelliferae