Skip to main content

Table 3 Overview of the nine most common medicinal plants in Mali according to indication of use and Fidelity level (FL) among the traditional practitioners

From: Traditional medicine practitioners’ knowledge and views on treatment of pregnant women in three regions of Mali

Medicinal plant Indication Most common plant parts used FL (%)*
Cola cordifolia Facilitate labor Leaf, fruit, stem bark 29.6
Tiredness 18.5
Combretum glutinosum Malaria Leaf 32.5
Tiredness   12.5
Combretum micranthum Malaria Leaf 82.1
Nausea 12.5
Tiredness 17.9
Lippia chevalieri Malaria Leaf, root 41.9
Cold 16.1
Strengthen immune system   14.5
Appetite stimulant 9.7
Opilia amentacea ( syn. Opilia celtidifolia) Dermatitis Leaf 36.2
Malaria   27.7
Tiredness   23.4
Stimulant of appetite   17.0
Parkia biglobosa Malaria Stem bark, leaf, fruit 36.7
Urinary tract infection 20.4
Internal wounds 12.2
Trichilia emetica Malaria Leaf, root 71.1
Dermatitis 17.8
Tiredness 11.1
Chronic pain 11.1
Vepris heterophylla Malaria Leaf 65.6
Constipation Leaf (roots) 15.6
Ximenia americana Heartburn 19.4
Abdominal pain 13.9
Prevent fetal disease
  1. Fidelity level (FL) = (Np/N) * 100 where Np is the number of TPs that claim use of a plant to treat a particular disease or ailment, and N is the total number of citations for any given disease or ailment [9].
  2. Opilia amentacea (syn. Opilia celtidifolia) (N = 47), Ximenia americana (N = 36), Cola cordifolia (N = 27), Combretum glutinosum (N = 40), Parkia biglobosa (N = 49), Trichilia emetica (N = 45), Combretum micranthum (N = 56), Lippia chevalieri (N = 62) and Vepris heterophylla (N = 32).