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Table 1 List of medicinal plants for treating human diseases in the study area, Wayu Tuka District

From: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wayu Tuka District, East Welega Zone of Oromia Regional State, West Ethiopia

Scientific name Local Oromo name Family Hab Ha Plant part, preparation and application Disease treated V. No.
Acacia abyssinica Hochst. ex Benth. Laaftoo Fabaceae T W Juvenile leaves crushed and sniffed Bat urine MM072
Acmella caulirhiza Del. Guutichaa Asteraceae H Hg Fresh flowers chewed and swallowed Tonsillitis MM038
Albizia gummiffera (J. F. Gmel.) C.A. Sm. Muka arbaa Fabaceae T W Leaves crushed, mixed in water. Put in cotton and rubbed on affected teeth. Toothache MM068
     Bark chewed in order to get relief from Rheumatism Rheumatism  
Albizia sp. Ambaltaa Fabaceae T W Dried bark powdered and applied on affected part Wound  
MM077
Allium sativum L. Qullubbii adii Alliaceae H Hg The bulb taken with ‘injera’ and Capsicum annuum L. for 5 days before eating breakfast Malaria MM013
Asparagus africanus Lam. Sariitii Asparagaceae Sh W Fresh leaves crushed and applied on the affected part Spider poison MM092
Bidens macroptera (Sch. Bip. ex Chiov.) Mesfin Keelloo Asteraceae H W Fresh leaves put on fire and rubbed on affected part Athletes foot MM037
Brassica carinata A. Br. Goommana Brassicaceae H Hg Dried seed Powdered and mixed with water then drunk. Common cold MM002
Brucea antidysentrica J.F. Mill. Qomanyoo Simaroubaceae T B Fresh leaves crushed and mixed with Leaves of Bersema abyssinica Fresen. and cooked With porridge and given for a person in need Ascaris MM028
Root powdered and mixed in water and drunk Diarrhea  
Croton macrostachyus Del. Bakkanisa Euphorbiaceae T W Exudates put on the cut skin to stop bleeding Skin cut MM080
Bark of croton put on fire and the smoke used as to protect mosquito bite Mosquito repellant  
Juvenile leaves smashed and rubbed on affected part Ring worm  
Dried root powdered and given to Dog with ‘injera’ which suffered by Rabies Rabies  
Catha edulis (Vahl) Forssk ex Endl. Caatii Celastraceae T Hg Fresh leaves crushed and boiled in water with leaves of Ruta chalepensis L., fresh leaves of Periploca linearifolia Quart. –Dill. & A. Rich. and fresh leaves of Englerina woodfordioides Gilbert then sugar added while it is boiling, put off from the fire and make to cool finally a cup of tea will be taken for four days. Cough MM020
Carissa spinarum L. Agamsa Apocynaceae Sh W Fresh bark chewed early before having breakfast Stomach ache MM103
The bark Chewed or hold in teeth for 5-10 min. Toothache  
Canarina eminii Aschers ex Schweinf. Maaracaa Campanulaceae Cl W The whole plant crushed together, chewed and swallowed Headache MM154
Whole plants crushed and rubbed on affected part Scabies  
Capparis tomentosa Lam. H.gurraacha Capparidaceae Sh W Roots crushed and sniffed Fibril illness MM101
Carica papaya L. Paappaayyaa Caricaceae T Hg When the leaves become yellow, that means getting to dry, powdered and boiled in water and a cup of tea will be taken for 5 days. Malaria MM085
The steam crushed and tied on affected part Wound  
Seed chewed and swallowed Internal parasite  
Caylusea abyssinica (Fresen.) Fisch. and Mey. Illancoo Residaceae H W Fresh leaves cooked and eaten with ‘injera’ /bread Amoeba MM110
Centella asiatica (L.) Urban Baala buqqee Apiaceae H W Leaves crushed and rubbed Tinea corporis MM058
Citrus limon (L.) Burn.f. Loomii Rutaceae T Hg Squiz the fruit and massage on bleeding gum Gum bleeding MM022
Crush the fruit and apply its content on skin burn. Skinburn  
Citrus aurantium L. Qomxaaxxee Rutaceae T Hg Suck the content of the fruit when suffered by hypertension Hypertension MM021
Clausena anisata (Wild.) Benth Ulmaayii Rutaceae Sh W Leaves powdered and mixed with water and given immediately for the victimed Snake bite MM090
Bark of Clausena anisata, leaves of Sida rhombifolia, root of Cucumis ficifolius, bark root of Brucea antidysentrica powdered together and mixed in milk then drunk a cup of tea for three days in order to get cured from Rabies disease Rabies  
Clematis simensis Fresen. Hidda fiitii Ranunculaceae Cl W Fresh root chewed Stomach ache MM198
Clutia abyssinica Joub. & Spach. Ulee foonii Euphorbiaceae Sh W Fresh leaves hold in teeth for 20–30 minutes Toothache MM098
Coffea arabica L. Buna Rubiaceae Sh Hg The dried coffee bean roasted and powdered then given to the patient by mixing with honey. Diarrhea MM017
Coccinia abyssinica (Lam.) Cogn. Ancootee Cucurbitaceae H Hg The root Cooked with leaves of Croton macrostachyus and eaten with ‘injera’ for four days. Tuber closes MM100
Cordia africana Lam. Waddeessa Boraginaceae T W Leaves of Cordia africana, leaves of Acanthus polystachius crushed together with Feces of goat then put on fire the ash mixed with butter and creamed on affected part. Spider poison MM091
Crotalaria spinosa Hochst. ex. Benth. Shumburaa gugee Fabaceae H W Root crushed, mixed with water and drunk Rabies MM067
Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf Marga citaa Poaceae H Hg Fresh root chewed with salt to get relief from stomach ache Stomach ache MM173
Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk. Maxxannee Boraginaceae H W Fresh leaves smashed and the exudates dropped in ear Ear disease MM124
Fresh Leaves crushed and sniffed Headache  
Leaves smashed and the extracts dropped in eye Eye disease  
Leaves powdered with leaves of Croton macrostachyus and creamed on the affected part by mixing with butter Homeroide  
Datura strumanium L. Asaangira Solanaceae Sh W Fresh leaves smashed and smelled Nasal bleeding MM084
Seed put on fire and the smoke inhaled Tooth ache  
Drynaria volkensii Heiron. Baala balleessaa Polypodiaceae Ep B Fresh root put on fire and until get hot and then bite by affected teeth for an hour Tooth ache MM059
Echinops hispidus Fresen. Keberchoo Asteraceae H W Dried bark put on fire and the smoke inhaled Evil eye MM034
Ehretia cymosa Thonn. Ulaagaa Boraginaceae T W Fresh leaves chewed Toothache MM009
Embelia schimperi Vatke Hanquu Myrsinaceae Li W Fruit eaten early in the morning Tape worm MM047
Ensete ventricossum Cheesman Baala warqee Musaceae H Hg The latex half cup of tea taken to get relief from stomach ache Stomach ache MM012
Eucalyptus globulus Labill Akaakltii adii Myrtaceae T B Fresh leaves boiled in water and then the patient laid down in it in order to inhale the smoke Common cold MM087
Euphorbia tirucalli L. Cadaa Euphorbiaceae Sh Hg The milky latex dropped on affected part Homeroide MM005
Gardenia ternifolia Schumach. Gambeela Rubiaceae T W Fresh seed put in fire ad when it gets hot put on affected part Homeroide MM019
Grewia ferruginea Hochst. ex A. Rich. Dhoqonuu Tiliaceae T W The hair washed by leaves of Grewia ferruginea and used as a soap Dandruff MM048
Hagenia abyssinica (Brace) J.F.Gmel. Heexoo Rosaceae T W The dried or fresh floral part powdered soaked in water and left for four days and taken with coffee before having break fast Tape worm MM089
Indigofera arrecta Hochst. ex A.Rich Heennaa Fabaceae Sh W Leaves powdered and mixed with butter and applied on the affected part for five days Spider poison MM078
Indigofera spicata Forssk. Reencii Fabaceae H W Leaves powdered and mixed in water and taken when need arise. Diabetics MM203
Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl. Buqqee seexanaa Cucurbitaceae H W Put on fire and burn the affected part Dandruff MM099
Leucas martinicensis (Jacq) R.Br. Fidoo Lamiaceae H W Steam put on fire and let the patient laid in it for smoke Eye disease MM065
Lippia adoensis Hochst. ex Walp Kusaayee Verbenaceae H B Fresh leaves chewed Burn on chest MM109
Mirabilis jalapa L. Ababa diimaa Nyctagnaceae Sh W Creamy powder of the fruit will be rubbed on affected part. Homeroide MM111
Momordica foetida Schumach. Humbaawoo Cucurbitaceae H W Root washed, crushed and mixed with water and the exudates taken for five days one liter per a day. Kidney problem MM029
Ocimum urticifolium Roth Ancabbii Lamiaceae Sh Hg Fresh leaves crushed and smashed then the extracts rubbed on affected part Fibril illness MM133
Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Wall. ex G. Don) Cif. Ejersa Oleaceae T W Fresh root chewed Stomach ache MM041
Panicum hochstetteri Steud. Marga gogorrii Poaceae H W Fresh leaves chewed Kidney problem MM127
Pavonia urens Cav. Hincinnii Malvaceae H W Powdered leaves tied on affected part Wound MM062
Phytolacca dodecandra L’ Herit. Andoodee Phytolaccaceae Li. Hg Few root powdered and mixed with water and drunk for two days Gonorrhea MM088
Root of Phytolacca dodecandra, juvenile leaves of Momordica foetida leaves of Justicia schimperiana and juvenile leaves of Croton macrostachyus powdered together and very few given with tea before having breakfast for three days. One cup of tea is given for man whereas half cup of tea for children Liver disease  
Plantago lanceolata L. Qorxobbii Plantaginaceae H W Fresh leaves crushed and tied Skin cut MM044
Plectranthus edulis (Vatke) Agnew Dinnicha oromoo Solanaceae Sh W Root cooked and eaten Loss of appetite MM108
Prunus africana (Hook. f.) Kalkm. Hoomii Rosaceae T W Powdered and tied for five days Wound MM016
Prunus persica (L.) Batsch Kookii Rosaceae T Hg Juvenile leaves dried and powdered then mixed with butter and creamed on affected part in Wednesday and Friday Tinea corporis MM007
Pycnostachys abyssinica Fresen. Yeeroo Lamiaceae H W Fresh leaves crushed, smashed and the extracts dropped in the eye Eye disease MM129
Rhamnus prinoides L Herit. Geeshoo Rhamnaceae Sh Hg Fresh leaves chewed Tonsillitis MM081
Ricinus communis L. Qobboo Euphorbiaceae H B Fresh leaves crushed and mixed with water and taken one cup of tea for 3 consecutive days. Rabies MM006
Fresh root crushed and mixed with root of Justicia schimperiana and put in cup of tea and mixed with water and drunk Liver disease  
Rumex abyssinicus Jacq. Dhangaggoo Polygonaceae H W Leaves crushed and smashed then applied on affected part Scabies MM053
Ruta chalepensis L. Ciraaddama Rutaceae H Hg Fresh leaves and roots chewed S.ache MM083
Rytigynia neglecta (Hiern) Robyns Mixoo Rubiaceae T H Leaves powdered and sniffed Bat urine MM056
Saccharum officinarum L. Shankora Poaceae Sh W Steam put in fire and eaten when get hot in order to get relief from common cold Common cold MM093
Schinus molle L. Qundoobarbaree Anacardaceae T W Fresh seed chewed Tonsillitis MM023
Saturega paradoxa (Vatke) Engl. ex Seybold Kefo sa’aa Lamiaceae H W Fresh leaves crushed and sniffed Bat urine MM200
Securidaca longepedunculata Fresen. Xamanaayii Polygalaceae T W Dried roots crushed and put on fire then the smoke sniffed Evil eye MM112
Dried bark powdered and taken with local alcohol for 5 days Liver disease  
Senna septemtrionalis (Viv) Irwin & Barneby Samamakii Fabaceae Sh W Fresh leaves smashed and mixed with water then one cup of tea taken. Snake bite MM145
Stephania abyssinica (Dillon & A. Rich.) Walp. Hidda kalaalaa Mensipermaceae H W The whole part of Stephania abyssinica crushed and boiled in water then the smoke will be inhaled until the patient getting sweat Common cold MM040
Solanum gigantum Jacq. Hiddii saree Solanaceae Sh W Root crushed and taken with coffee Rabies MM202
Solanum incanum L. Hidi lonii Solanaceae Sh W Break the fruit and drop its content on wound to stop bleeding Wound MM118
Vernonia auriculifera Hiern Reejii Asteraceae Sh W Fresh leaves smashed and the extracts dropped on the cut skin Skin cut MM033
Vicia faba L. Baaqelaa Fabaceae H Hg Dried seed chewed Gastric MM003
Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Hiphoo Fabaceae Cl Hg Fresh leaves smashed and rubbed on affected part Tinea corporis MM063
Vigna vexillata L. A. Rich. Gurra hantuutaa Fabaceae Cl W Leaves crushed with leaves of Cucumis ficifolius A. Rich. and rubbed on affected part Spider poison MM066
Oliverella hildebrandtii (Engl.) Tieghem Dheertuu dhumugaa Loranthaceae Ep Hg Fresh leaves crushed and rubbed on hair Dandruff MM 031
Ximenia americana L. Hudhaa Olacaceae Sh W Crushed and mixed with water and one cup of tea taken for 1–5 days until the blood stop Menstruation MM152
Exudates drunk for five days 2 cup per a day. Contraceptive  
Zingiber officinale Roscoe Jinjibila Zingebraceae H Hg Chewed and swallowed Tonsillitis MM011
  1. Key: Hab Habit: H Herb, Sh Shrub, T Tree, Cl Climber and Li Liana; Ha habitat: W Wild, Hg Homegarden, B Both, V. No. Voucher number.