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Table 3 List of traditional veterinary practices based on plant materials for the treatment of different diseases/conditions of equines reported by the local respondents (n=450) in the study area

From: Diversity of flora used for the cure of equine diseases in selected peri-urban areas of Punjab, Pakistan

S. Phytotherapeutic material used Dose and administration Usage
No.    
  Anorexia   
1 Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Capsicum annum (fruit) + Allium cepa (bulb) + Common salt 50 g + 125 g + 250 g + 125 g; MGB/PO (Mix, Grind, and make a Bolus to administer Per Oss) 2
2 Allium cepa (bulb) + Citrullus colocynthis (fruit) + Capsicum annum (fruit) + Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Jaggery 125 g + 50 g + 125 g + 50 g + 100 g; MGB/PO 1
3 Allium cepa (bulb) + Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Black salt 250 g + 100 g + 100 g; MGB/PO - 2-3 days 1
4 Capsicum annum (fruit) + Allium cepa (bulb) + Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Eugenia caryophyllata (fruit) + Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Common salt 500 g + 250 g + 250 g + 100 g + 250 g + 250 g; MGB/PO 1
5 Capsicum annum (fruit) + Allium cepa (bulb) + Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) + Nigella sativa (seeds) + Black salt + Common salt + Picrorhiza kurroa (rhizome) + Citrullus colocynthis (fruit) + Peganum harmala (fruit) 125 g + 125 g + 50 g + 25 g + 50 g + 50 g + 50 g + 50 g + 50 g; MGB/PO – divide into 02 doses for 02 days 1
6 Common salt + Allium cepa (bulb) + Capsicum annum (fruit) 125 g + 250 g + 125 g; MGB/PO 1
7 Common salt + Black salt + Allium cepa (bulb) + Piper nigrum (pepper corn) + Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) 50 g + 50 g + 50 g + 25 g + 25 g + 25 g; MGB/PO 1
8 Zea mays (flour) + Brown sugar 250 g + 250 g; MGB/PO 1
9 Zea mays (flour) + Brown sugar + Water 250 g + 250 g + 5 L; Mix and give PO 1
10 Jaggery + Allium cepa (bulb) 250 g + 500 g; MGB/PO 1
11 Mallotus philippinensis (fruit) + Yogurt 10 g + 125 g; MGB/PO 1
12 Mentha longifolia (leaves) + Capsicum annum (fruit) + Common salt + Allium cepa (bulb) 125 g + 50 g + 50 g + 125 g; MGB/PO 1
13 Picrorhiza kurroa (rhizome) + Citrullus colocynthis (fruit) + Aloe vera (leaves) + Allium cepa (bulb) 125 g + 125 g + 50 g; MGB/PO 1
14 Piper nigrum (pepper corn) + Black salt + Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Capsicum annum (fruit) 50 g + 25 g + 25 g + 25 g; MGB/PO 1
15 Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) + Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Jaggery 25 g + 50 g + 125 g; MGB/PO 1
16 Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) + Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Piper nigrum (pepper corn) + Piper betle (leaves) + Jaggery 50 g + 50 g + 50 g + 25 g + 250 g; MGB/PO 1
17 Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Anethum graveolens (seeds) + Black salt + Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Withania coagulans (leaves) + Common salt + Picrorhiza kurroa (rhizome) + Citrullus colocynthis (fruit) + Jaggery + Allium cepa (bulb) + Capsicum annum (fruit) 125 g + 125 g + 12 g + 50 g + 250 g + 50 g + 250 g + 500 g + 250 g + 250 g + 250 g; MGB/PO 1
18 Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Allium cepa (bulb) + Capsicum annum (fruit) + Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Black salt 125 g + 1 kg + 250 g + 50 g + 250 g; MGB/PO 1
  Total entries   19
  Bad habit (Mud eating)   
1 Jaggery + Allium cepa (bulb) 250 g + 250 g; Boiled bulbs mixed with jiggery – given PO 1
  Total entries   1
  Bronchitis   
1 Glycyrrhiza glabra (roots) + Jaggery 250 g + 250 g; MGB/PO – 2-3 days 4
2 Jaggery + Allium cepa (bulb) 250 g + 250 g; MGB/PO – 2-3 days 4
3 Nuswar 10 g nuswar pushed in nose with a pipe 3
4 Glycyrrhiza glabra (roots) + Rosa damascena (flowers) + Piper nigrum (pepper corn) 250 g + 375 g + 25 g; MGB/PO – 2-3 days 2
5 Glycyrrhriza glabra (roots) + Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Allium cepa (bulb) + Jaggery 50 g + 50 g + 125 g + 125 g; MGB/PO 2
7 Bumbusa bambos (leaves) 500 g PO 1
8 Glycyrrhiza glabra (roots) + Allium cepa (bulb) + Nigella sativa (seeds) + Ammonium chloride + Jaggery 250 g + 2 kg + 250 g + 125 g + 2 kg; Mixed, ground and fried to make custard – 125 g daily for 5 days 1
9 Glycyrrhriza glabra (roots) + Jaggery + Allium cepa (bulb) 50 g + 250 g + 250 g; MGB/PO 1
10 Glycyrrhiza glabra (roots) + Jaggery + Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Anethum graveolens (seeds) + Allium cepa (bulb) 25 g + 250 g + 25 g + 25 g + 250 g; MGB/PO 1
11 Glycyrrhiza glabra (roots) + Rosa damascena (flowers) + Allium cepa (bulb) 125 g + 250 g + 500 g; MGB/PO 1
12 Glycyrrhiza glabra (roots) + Rosa damascena (flowers) + Ammonium chloride + Piper nigrum (pepper corn) + Allium cepa (bulb) + Jaggery + Water 125 g + 125 g + 25 g + 25 g + 250 g + 125 g + 125 ml; Mixed, fried and made custard – given PO 1
13 Glycyrrhiza glabra (roots) + Rosa damascena (flowers) + Zingiber officinale (rhizome) 125 + 125 g + 125 g; MGB/PO 1
14 Aloe vera (leaves) + Capsicum annum (fruit) + Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Allium sativum (bulb) + Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) 125 g + 125 g + 50 g + 50 g + 50 g; MGB/PO 1
15 Jaggery + Allium cepa (bulb) + Glycyrrhiza glabra (roots) + Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Piper nigrum (pepper corn) 250 g + 500 g + 100 g + 100 g + 50 g; MGB/PO 1
16 Joshanda + Jaggery + Allium cepa (bulb) + Water 1 kg + 1 kg + 2 kg + 2 L; Mixed, boiled in water till concentrated – given PO 1
17 Rosa damascena (flowers) + Glycyrrhiza glabra (roots) + Ammonium chloride 375 g + 50 g + 10 g; MGB/PO 1
18 Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) + Jaggery + Common salt 100 g + 200 g + 50 g; MGB/PO 1
19 Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) + Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Jaggery 25 g + 25 g + 125 g; MGB/PO 1
  Total entries   28
  Colic   
1 Brassica campestris (seed oil) 500 ml – PO 2
2 Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Water 250 ml + 250 ml – PO 2
3 Nicotiana tabacum (leaves) + Jaggery 50 g + 250 g; MGB/PO 2
6 Allium cepa (bulb) 500 g juice – PO 1
7 Ammonium chloride + Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Common salt 50 g + 125 ml + 50 g; Mix and give PO 1
8 Ammonium chloride + Potassium bicarbonate 50 g + 50 g; MGB/PO 1
9 Euphorbia caducifolia (branches) + Water 10 ml juice mixed in 250 ml water – PO 1
11 Jaggery + Allium cepa (bulb) 250 g + 250 g; MGB/PO 1
12 Jaggery + Nicotiana tabacum (leaves) 250 g + 50 g; Mix and give PO 1
13 Sodium carbonate + Jaggery + 7up 125 g + 250 g + 250 ml; Bolus followed by 7up 1
14 Potassium nitrate + Potassium bicarbonate + Hukka water 25 g + 25 g + 250 ml; Mix and give PO 1
15 Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) + Soap + Common salt + Water 125 g + 125 g + 250 g + 2 L; Decoction given PO 1
16 Sesamum indicum (seeds) 500 ml PO 1
17 Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) + Anethum graveolens (seeds) + Jaggery + White salt 50 g + 50 g + 250 g + 125 g; MGB/PO 1
18 Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) + Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Jaggery + Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Water 50 g + 50 g + 250 g + 250 ml + 250 ml; Decoction PO 1
19 Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Milk + Water 50 g + 50 g + 250 ml + 250 ml; Grind and give PO 1
  Total entries   22
  Dermatitis   
1 Brassica campestris (seed oil) 50-100 ml; Topical application 5
2 Hukka water Topical application 5
3 Eruca sativa (seed oil) 100 ml; Topical application 2
4 Eruca sativa (seed oil) + Sulfur 250 ml + 50 g; Topical application 2
6 Cicer arietinum (seeds) + Eruca sativa (seed oil) 250 g + 250 ml; GMB/PO 1
7 Azadirachta indica (leaves) + Alum + Common salt + Water 250 g + 25 g + 50 g + 3 L; Decoction applied topically 1
8 Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Eruca sativa (seed oil) 50 ml + 50 ml; Topical application (massage) 1
9 Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Jaggery 50 ml + 50 g; Topical application 1
10 Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Yogurt Topical application 1
13 Eruca sativa (seeds) + Common salt Topical application 1
14 Sesamum indicum (seed oil) 50 ml; Topical application 1
  Total entries   21
  Diarrhea   
1 Allium cepa (bulb) + Common salt 2 bulbs + 50 g; MGB/PO 1
2 Citrullus colocynthus (fruit) + Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Black salt + Common salt 50 g + 50 g + 50 g + 50 g; MGB/PO 1
3 Milk + Brassica campestris (seed oil) 250 ml + 125 ml; Decoction given PO 1
4 Prunus dulcis (seeds) + Jaggery 7-10 seeds + 250 g; MGB/PO 1
5 Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Black salt + Citrillus colocynthus (fruit) 50 g + 50 g + 50 g; MGB/PO 1
  Total entries   5
  External parasite   
3 Azadirachta indica (leaves) + Water 250 g + 1 L; Topical application of decoction 2
4 Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Sump oil 125 ml + 125 ml; Topical application 1
5 Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Kerosene oil 250 ml + 125 ml; Topical application 1
6 Curcuma longa (rhizome) Topical application of powder 1
7 Eruca sativa (seeds) + Triticum aestivum (flour) 50 g + 250 g; MGB/PO 1
9 Brassica campestris (seeds) Topical application of ground seeds 1
  Total entries   11
  Eye problem   
  Total entries   2
  Fever   
1 Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Anethum graveolens (seeds) + Black salt + Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Withania coagulans (leaves) + Common salt + Picrorhiza kurroa (rhizome) + Citrullus colocynthis (fruit) + Jaggery + Allium cepa (bulb) + Capsicum annum (fruit) 125 g + 125 g + 12 g + 50 g + 250 g + 50 g + 250 g + 500 g + 250 g + 250 g + 250 g; GMB for 8 days and give in equal doses PO 2
2 Allium cepa (bulb) + Capsicum annum (fruit) + Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Jaggery + Allium sativum (bulb) 125 g + 50 g + 25 g + 125 g + 25 g; GMB/PO 1
3 Black salt + Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) 125 g + 50 g PO 1
4 Common salt + Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) + Water 50 g + 50 g + 50 ml; MGB/PO 1
7 Jaggery + Amomum subulatum (fruit) 250 g + 50 g; MGB/PO 1
9 Piper nigrum (pepper corn) + Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) + Water + Sugar 500 g + 100 g + 500 ml + 1 kg; Mix, fry and make custard – 250 g daily for 5 days 1
  Total entries   10
  Haematuria   
1 Butter + Piper nigrum (pepper corn) 125 g + 25 g; MGB/PO 1
2 Zea mays (flour) + Brown sugar + Water 500 g + 500 g + 2 L PO 1
3 Potassium bicarbonate + Potassium nitrate 50 g + 50 g PO 1
  Total entries   4
  Heat stress   
1 Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) + Common salt 50 g + 125 g; Soak seeds overnight, grind and mix with salt – give PO 2
2 Allium cepa (bulb) + Jaggery 250 g + 250 g; Half boil bulbs, mix in jiggery and give PO 1
3 Dalda ghee + Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) 125 g + 50 g; MGB/PO 1
4 Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) + Jaggery 250 g + 250 g PO 1
5 Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Sugar 50 g + 125 g; MGB/PO 1
6 Water As much as animal can drink 1
7 Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Halorrhena pubescens (bark) + Black salt + Common salt + Water 50 g + 50 g + 25 g + 25 g + 1 L; Soak all in earthen utensil for 24 hrs; PO 1
8 Hordeum vulgare (seeds) + Water 2 kg + 4 L; Soak overnight; PO 1
  Total entries   9
  Indigestion   
1 Capsicum annum (fruit) + Allium cepa (bulb) + Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) + Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Jaggery + Citrullus colocynthis (fruit) + Black salt + Common salt 50 g + 250 g + 50 g + 50 g + 50 g + 100 g + 100 g + 100 g + 100 g; MGB/PO 1
2 Citrullus colocynthis (fruit) + Picrorhiza kurroa (rhizome) + Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Black salt + Ammonium chloride 100 g + 10 g + 10 g + 50 g + 3 balls; Mixed in hot water and given PO 1
3 Jaggery + Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) + Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Allium cepa (bulb) + Allium sativum (bulb) 250 g + 50 g + 50 g + 250 g + 50 g; PO 1
4 Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Anethum graveolens (seeds) + Black salt + Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Withania coagulans (leaves) + Common salt + Picrorhiza kurroa (rhizome) + Citrullus colocynthis (fruit) + Jaggery + Allium cepa (bulb) + Capsicum annum (fruit) 125 g + 125 g + 12 g + 50 g + 250 g + 50 g + 250 g + 500 g + 250 g + 250 g + 250 g; MGB/PO, equally divided in 8 balls and given one daily 1
5 Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) + Foeniculum vulgare (seeds) + Black salt + Jaggery 50 g + 50 g + 50 g + 50 g + 250 g; MGB/PO 1
  Total entries   5
  Internal parasites   
1 Mollotus philipinensis (fruit) + Jaggery 50 g + 250 g PO 6
2 Mallotus philippinensis (fruit) + Yogurt 10 g + 125 g PO 3
3 Acacia nilotica (branches) + Jaggery 125 g + 125 g PO 1
4 Jaggery + Azadirachta indica (leaves) 250 g + 500 g; Jaggery 10 minutes before A. indica leaves PO 1
5 Jaggery + Oryza sativa (whole plant) 250 g + 1 kg; Give Jaggery on first day and O. sativa next day 1
6 Jaggery + Yogurt + Mollotus philpinensis (fruit) 125 g + 250 g + 50 g PO 1
7 Lagenaria siceraria (leaves) 250 g; Ground and given PO 1
8 Linum usitatissimum (seeds) + Lepidium sativum (seeds) + Jaggery + Mallotus philippinensis (fruit) 60 g + 60g + 250 g + 25 g; PO 1
9 Mallotus philippinensis (fruit) + Milk whey 10 g + 250 ml PO 1
10 Nurru (stem) + Jaggery 250 g + 250 g; Given jaggery first and then nurru 1
11 Ricinus cummunis (flower oil) 250 ml oil PO 1
12 Ricinus cummunis (flower oil) 250 ml PO 1
  Total entries   31
  Lameness   
1 Brassica campestris (seed oil) 50-100 ml; Topical application 8
2 Sesamum indicum (seed oil) 50 ml; Topical application 4
3 Copper sulfate + Jaggery 10 g + 100 g PO 3
5 Citrus limon (fruit) Half piece for massage on the affected site 2
7 Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Kerosene oil 50 ml + 50 ml; Topical application 1
12 Azadirachta indica (leaves) + Common salt + Water 250 g + 250 g + 6 Lit; Topical application of decoction 1
13 Azadirachta indica (leaves) + Water 100 g + 1 L; Topical application of decoction 1
14 Azadirachta indica (leaves) + Water + Common salt + Alum 250 g + 4 L + 1 kg + 250 g; Topical application of decoction 1
15 Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Kerosene oil + Capsicum annum (fruit) 50 ml + 50 ml + 25 g; Topical application 1
16 Brassica campestris (seed oil) Topical application of semi-hot oil 1
17 Cascuta reflexa (whole plant) + Ghee C. reflexa fried in oil; Topical application 1
18 Cicer arietinum (seeds) 50 g grains tied on affected area by putting in a cloth bag 1
19 Cicer arietinum (seeds) + Jute bag 250 g grains tied on affected area by putting in a jute bag 1
21 Common salt + Triticum aestivum (flour) + Water Topical application of hot mixture 1
22 Geranium wallichianum (seeds) + Brassica campestris (seed oil) 50 g + 50 ml; Mix, fry and apply topically 1
23 Geranium wallichianum (seeds) + Brassica campestris (seed oil) 50 g + 50 ml; Mix, fry and apply topically 1
24 Jaggery + Curcuma longa (rhizome) 250 g + 50 g; MGB/PO 1
27 Medicago sativa (leaves) + Common salt 500 g + 100 g; Mix and apply on the affected area for 2-3 days 1
28 Mangifera indica (fruit) Topical application on the lesion 1
29 Myristica fragrans (fruit) + Geranium wallichianum (seeds) + Eugenia caryophyllata (fruit) + Sesamum indicum (seeds oil) + Brassica campestris (seed oil) 50 g + 50 g + 50 g + 250 ml + 250 ml; Topical application 1
30 Olea europaea (fruit) + Cocus nucifera (oil) + Fish + Sump oil 250 ml + 250 ml + 250 ml + 250 ml; Topical application 1
31 Pennisetum glaucum (whole) + Jaggery 125 g + 125 g; MGB/PO 1
32 Peganum harmala (fruit) + Alum + Jaggery Topical application 1
34 Sesamum indicum (seeds) + Eugenia caryophyllata (fruit) + Myristica fragrans (fruit) 125 ml + 10 g + 50 g; Topical hot application 1
35 Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) + Anethum graveolens (seeds) + Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Jaggery 125 g + 125 g + 50 g + 500 g; MGB/PO 1
36 Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Anethum graveolens (seeds) 250 g + 250 g; 50 g daily 1
37 Water + Triticum aestivum (flour) + Common salt + Alum 2 L + 500 g + 125 g + 25 g; Topical application of decoction 1
38 Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Picrorhiza kurroa (rhizome) + Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Grewia asiatica (fruit) + Jaggery 250 g + 250 g + 250 g + 250 g + 250 g; GMB/PO 1
39 Ricinus cummunis (bark) + Sesamum indicum (seeds oil) 250 g + 250 ml; Boiled bark in seed oil and applied on affected part for 2-3 days 1
  Total entries   58
  Pain associated with infection   
1 Sesamum indicum (seed oil) + Eugenia caryophyllata (fruit) + Myristica fragrans (fruit) 125 ml + 25 g + 25 g; Mixed, fried and applied topically 1
2 Sodium carbonate + Jaggery One spoon + 250 g; MGB/PO 1
3 Nicotiana tabacum (leaves) + Jaggery 50 g + 250 g; MGB/PO 1
4 Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Allium cepa (bulb) + Glycyrrhiza glabra (roots) + Capsicum annum (fruit) + Water 1 kg + 3 kg + 1 kg + 1 kg + 1 litre; MGB/PO 1
5 Alum + Peganum harmala (fruit) + Jaggery 50 g + 125 g + 125 g; Mix, fry and give PO one spoon a day 1
  Total entries   5
  Quidding   
1 Capsicum annum (fruit) + Jaggery + Common salt + Allium cepa (bulb) 50 g + 250 g + 50 g + 250 g; MGB/PO 1
  Total entries   1
  Retention of urine   
1 Capsicum annum (fruit) Applied Capsicum annum (fruit) L. on urethral opening 2
2 Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Milk 125 ml + 250 ml; PO 1
3 Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Water 250 ml + 250 ml; given decoction PO 1
7 Trachyspermum ammi (seeds) 125 g seeds soaked overnight in water and given PO 1
  Total entries   8
  Swelling   
1 Acacia nilotica (branches) + Ficus religiosa (bark) + Water + Brassica campestris (seed oil) 250 g + 250 g + 2 L + 25 ml; Topical application of decoction 1
2 Azadirachta indica (leaves) + Alum + Common salt + Water 250 g + 50 g + 1 spoon + 2 L; Topical application of decoction 1
3 Leather + Brassica campestris (seed oil) 500 g + 500 ml; Heated leather in seed oil and applied on inflammation 1
4 Peganum harmala (fruit) 125 g PO 1
  Total entries   4
  Tetanus   
1 Egg + Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Myristica fragrans (fruit) + Picrorhiza kurroa (rhizome) One + 25 g + One seed + 25 g; MGB/PO – 3 days 1
2 Myristica fragrans (fruit) + Picrorhiza kurroa (rhizome) + Jaggery One fruit + 25 g + 10 g; MGB/PO and cuts on nose for bleeding 1
  Total entries   2
  Toxemia   
1 Capsicum annum (fruit) + Common salt 250 g + 125 g; PO 1
2 Capsicum annum (fruit) + Ghee + Water 250 g + 250 g + 1000 ml; decoction PO 1
3 Capsicum annum (fruit) + Ghee 250 g + 250 g; Ground, fried and given PO 1
4 Capsicum anuum (fruit) + Trigonella foenum-graecum (seeds) + Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Anethum graveolens (seeds) + Water 1000 g + 500 g + 250 g + 250 g + 10 litre; Boiled and made custard – 200 g daily 1
5 Piper nigrum (pepper corn) + Ghee 125 g + 125 g; Ground, mixed in warm ghee and given PO 1
6 Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Anethum graveolens (seeds) + Trigonella foenum-graecum (seeds) + Capsicum anuum (fruit) + Water 250 g + 500 g + 500 g + 500 g + 5 litre; Decoction PO 1
  Total entries   6
  Weakness   
1 Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Anethum graveolens (seeds) + Black salt + Zingiber officinale (rhizome) + Withania coagulans (leaves) + Common salt + Picrorhiza kurroa (rhizome) + Citrullus colocynthis (fruit) + Jaggery + Allium cepa (bulb) + Capsicum annum (fruit) 125 g + 125 g + 12 g + 50 g + 250 g + 50 g + 250 g + 500 g + 250 g + 250 g + 250 g; MGB/PO – 4 boluses for 4 days 1
2 Allium cepa (bulb) + Jaggery 250 g + 250 g; MGB/PO 1
3 Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Triticum aestivum (flour) 125 ml + 25 g PO 1
4 Calotropis procera (buds) + Brassica campestris (seed oil) 100 g + 100 ml; Decoction PO 1
5 Common salt + Capsicum annum (fruit) + Picrorhiza kurroa (rhizome) + Citrullus colocynthis (fruit) 125 g + 125 g + 10 g 250 g; Decoction PO 1
6 Zea mays (flour) + Brown sugar + Water 250 g + 250 g + 10 L PO 1
7 Lepidium sativum (seeds) + Jaggey + Water + Milk 50 g + 50 g + 100 ml + 2000 ml; Made custard and given PO 1
8 Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Foeniculum vulgare (seeds) + Jaggery 50 g + 50 g + 125 g; MGB/PO 1
  Total entries   13
  Wound   
1 Brassica campestris (seed oil) 50-100 ml; Topical application 25
3 Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Lawsonia inermis (leaves) 50 ml + 50 g; Applied oil first and then leaves of L. inermis on wound 5
4 Curcuma longa (rhizome) + Brassica campestris (seed oil) 250 g + 250 ml; Topical application 4
5 Lawsonia inermis (leaves) Topical application 4
6 Lawsonia inermis (leaves) + Water 50 g + 50 ml; Topical application 4
7 Azadirachta indica (leaves) + Water 250 g + 500 ml; Washed wounds with hot decoction 3
8 Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Kerosene oil 150 ml + 150 ml; Topical application 3
9 Lawsonia inermis (leaves) + Brassica campestris (seed oil) 250 g + 25 ml; Topical application 2
10 Azadirachta indica (leaves) + Common salt + Water 500 g + 250 g + 2 Litre; Washed wounds with decoction 2
11 Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Carbon of cell Topical application 2
12 Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Water 50 ml + 500 ml; Washed wound with decoction and applied oil 2
15 Dalda ghee + Curcuma longa (rhizome) 25 g + 10 g; Applied mild hot ghee on wound and sprinkled C. longa powder 2
16 Hot iron + Brassica campestris (seed oil) Topical application 1
17 Azadirachta indica (leaves) + Brassica campestris (seed oil) 125 g + 125 ml; Washed the wounds with decoction and poured oil on the wound 1
18 Azadirachta indica (leaves) + Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Common salt 500 g + 500 ml + 100 g; Boiled leaves in seed oil and salt and applied on wound for 2-3 days 1
19 Azadirachta indica (leaves) + Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Alum 500 g + 500 ml + 100 g; Boiled leaves in oil and alum, washed wounds with extract 1
20 Azadirachta indica (leaves) + Curcuma longa (rhizome) + Alum + Milk fat 250 g + leaves + 50 g + 25 g + 50 g; all ingredients were ground to powder, Then applied milk fat on wound then powder 1
21 Azadirachta indica (leaves) + water + Dettol 250 g + 2 litre + few drops; Mixed and washed the wound 1
22 Withania somnifera (leaves) + Brassica campestris (seed oil) 1 kg + 500 ml; Boiled leaves in oil and tied on wounds for 3 days 1
23 Zea mays (flour) + Common salt + Water 250 g + 250 g + 250 ml; Topical application 1
24 Lens culinaris (seeds) + Brassica campestris (seed oil) 250 g + 250 ml; Topical application of decoction 1
25 Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Kerosene oil + Curcuma longa (rhizome) 50 ml + 50 ml + 100 g; Topical application 1
26 Brassica campestris (seed oil) + Soap 125 ml; Washed wound with soap and applied oil 1
27 Trifolium alexandrinum (whole) Put Trifolium alexandrinum in closed utensils for hours and after that tied on wound 2
28 Capsicum anuum (fruit) 50 g; Topical application of powder 1
29 Cicer arietinum (seeds) 50 g; wraped cloth and tied on wound, kept on pouring water on cloth 1
33 Citrus limon (fruit) Cut into half and rubbed on wound 1
31 Curcuma longa (rhizome) 10 g; Topical application 1
32 Eruca sativa (seeds) + Brassica campestris (seeds) Topical application 1
33 Geranium wallichianum (seeds) + Brassica campestris (seed oil) 50 g + 250 ml; Topical application 1
34 Ghee + Curcuma longa (rhizome) 25 g + 25 g; Mixed, fried and applied topically 1
35 Lawsonia inermis (leaves) + Alum 50 g + 50 g; Topical application 1
36 Lawsonia inermis (leaves) + Alum + Brassica campestris (seed oil) 125 g + 50 g + 50 ml; Topical application 1
37 Lawsonia inermis (leaves) + Alum + Water 250 g + 50 g + 200 ml; Heated the alum, ground and mixed with water and L. inermis; Topical application 1
38 Leather + Brassica campestris (seed oil) Burnt leather to ash, mixed with brassica oil and applied on wound 1
39 Vernonia anthelmintica (seeds) + Triticum aestivum (flour) 125 g + 125 g PO 1
40 Ziziphus jujube (leaves) + Brassica campestris (seed oil) 250 g + 250 ml; Boiled leaves in seed oil and tied on wounds for 2-3 days 1