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Table 2 Species richness and diversity (Shannon-Wiener index) in natural vegetation of the studied zones

From: Plant management and biodiversity conservation in Náhuatl homegardens of the Tehuacán Valley, Mexico

Cloud forest zone H’= 2.016 Species richness: 24 spp.  
Species Abundance Relative frequency Relative density Relative dominance Ecological value
Quercus laurina 380 15.625 34.959 26.899 77.483
Quercus candicans 261 11.458 24.011 23.774 59.244
Ternstroemia sp. 73 10.417 6.716 7.658 24.790
Vaccinium leucanthum 96 5.208 8.832 8.781 22.821
Styrax argenteus 96 5.208 8.832 7.812 21.852
Baccharis conferta 60 7.292 5.520 6.296 19.107
Pinus sp. 40 6.250 3.680 4.404 14.334
Clethra sp. 29 6.250 2.668 3.510 12.428
Morella cerifera 14 5.208 1.288 1.551 8.047
Eupatorium sp. 17 4.167 1.564 1.727 7.458
Arbutus xalapensis 11 4.167 1.012 1.320 6.499
Quercus crassifolia 6 4.167 0.552 0.713 5.431
Rubus sp. 2 2.083 0.184 0.231 2.498
Litsea glaucescens 2 2.083 0.184 0.225 2.492
Tropical rain forest zone   H’ = 2.744 Species richness: 40 spp.  
Species Abundance Relative frequency Relative density Relative dominance Ecological value
Chamaedorea tepejilote 80 6.757 30.769 15.621 53.147
Aphelandra scabra 40 5.405 15.385 6.002 26.792
Piper sp. 19 6.757 7.308 6.346 20.411
Guarea glabra 11 5.405 4.231 8.450 18.086
Parmentiera aculeata 4 2.703 1.538 10.575 14.816
Aphananthe monoica 5 4.054 1.923 7.729 13.706
Miconia aff. Argentea 12 4.054 4.615 1.657 10.327
Comarostaphylis sp. 9 4.054 3.462 0.507 8.022
Albizia sp. 5 4.054 1.923 1.968 7.945
Oreopanax xalapensis 2 1.351 0.769 5.105 7.226
Ruprechtia sp. 1 1.351 0.385 5.016 6.752
Maclura tinctoria 2 1.351 0.769 4.074 6.194
Heliocarpus appendiculatus 3 4.054 1.154 0.333 5.541
Coccoloba grandifolia 2 2.703 0.769 1.336 4.808
Parathesis sp. 2 1.351 0.769 1.663 3.784
Inga vera 1 1.351 0.385 1.254 2.990
Sapindus saponaria 1 1.351 0.385 0.831 2.567
Eugenia capulí 1 1.351 0.385 0.495 2.231
Dendropanax arboreus 1 1.351 0.385 0.066 1.802
Trema micrantha 1 1.351 0.385 0.041 1.777
Tropical dry forest zone H’= 3.562 Species richness: 72 spp.  
Species Abundance Relative frequency Relative density Relative dominance Ecological value
Lippia graveolens 256 1.592 14.144 22.074 37.809
Jatropha dioica 94 2.387 5.193 9.261 16.842
Dasylirion serratifolium 26 2.122 1.436 11.479 15.037
Dalea bicolor 104 2.122 5.746 5.593 13.461
Neopringlea sp 74 2.122 4.088 6.014 12.224
Gymnosperma glutinosa 118 2.387 6.519 0.662 9.569
Lippia sp. 58 2.653 3.204 2.340 8.197
Dodonaea viscosa 70 2.653 3.867 0.988 7.508
Calia secundiflora 16 1.061 0.884 5.140 7.085
Turnera diffusa 76 1.326 4.199 1.186 6.711
Calea sp. 30 1.592 1.657 2.949 6.198
Zaluzania sp. 32 2.653 1.768 1.733 6.153
Lysiloma acapulcensis 46 2.653 2.541 0.898 6.092
Eysenhardtia polystachya 2 0.531 0.110 5.065 5.706
Senna sp. 46 2.122 2.541 0.953 5.616
Galphimia glauca 24 2.653 1.326 1.249 5.227
Tecoma stans 40 1.857 2.210 0.550 4.616
Pilosocereus chrysacanthus 10 2.122 0.552 1.560 4.235
Opuntia pilífera 12 2.122 0.663 1.347 4.132
Ipomoea arborescens 24 1.592 1.326 0.833 3.751
Brickellia sp. 10 2.122 0.552 1.004 3.679
Mimosa sp. 10 1.061 0.552 2.023 3.637
Lantana cámara 20 1.592 1.105 0.877 3.573
Beaucarnea gracilis 16 1.592 0.884 0.987 3.462
Wimmeria sp. 14 1.326 0.773 1.356 3.456
Mammillaria sp. 24 1.592 1.326 0.321 3.238
Pittocaulon praecox 10 2.122 0.552 0.547 3.221
Indigofera sp. 10 1.592 0.552 0.891 3.035
Plumeria rubra 8 1.592 0.442 0.659 2.692
Senna fruticosa 10 1.061 0.552 0.897 2.510
Agave potatorum 12 1.326 0.663 0.269 2.258
Wimmeria microphylla 20 0.531 1.105 0.451 2.086
Pseudosmodingium sp. 4 1.061 0.221 0.797 2.079
Indigofera cuernavacana 4 1.061 0.221 0.789 2.071
Thorn-scrub forest zone H’= 1.28 Species richness: 69 spp.  
Species Abundance Relative frequency Relative density Relative dominance Ecological value
Mammillaria carnea 127 14.85 8.44 0.42 23.71
Gomphrena decumbens 71 8.26 4.70 0.85 13.82
Panicum sp. 66 7.68 4.37 0.35 12.40
Opuntia pilifera 38 4.42 2.51 5.90 12.82
Loeselia glandulosa 34 3.99 2.27 0.05 6.30
Dalea carthagenensis 32 1.99 1.13 0.59 3.72
Chamaesyce cumbrae 32 3.69 2.10 0.16 5.95
Euphorbia heterophylla 28 3.28 1.87 0.08 5.22
Zinnia peruviana 24 2.81 1.60 0.29 4.70
Pectis haenkeana 22 1.93 1.10 0.46 3.50
Mimosa luisana 21 2.46 1.40 20.20 24.06
Stenocereus stellatus 21 2.42 1.38 1.25 5.05
Coryphantha pycnacantha 19 2.23 1.27 0.04 3.54
Viguiera dentata 17 0.82 0.47 2.27 3.56
Dalea sp. 17 3.75 2.13 1.58 7.47
Escontria chiotilla 17 1.99 1.13 20.81 23.94
Phaseolus sp. 17 2.58 1.47 0.11 4.16
Opuntia puberula 16 1.84 1.04 0.23 3.11
Carminatia alvarezii 14 1.64 0.93 0.06 2.64
Lippia graveolens 14 1.64 0.93 2.17 4.74
Physalis philadelphica 14 1.58 0.90 0.56 3.04
Boerhavia erecta 13 1.52 0.87 0.34 2.73
Mimosa polyantha 11 1.29 0.73 8.38 10.41
Sanvitalia fruticosa 10 1.17 0.67 0.06 1.90
Croton sp. 9 1.06 0.60 2.12 3.78
Cordia curassavica 9 1.02 0.58 2.52 4.11
Celtis pallida 8 0.94 0.53 0.60 2.07
Commelina erecta 8 0.94 0.53 0.04 1.52
  1. CFZ = Cloud Forest Zone; TRFZ = Tropical Rainforest Zone; TDFZ = Tropical Dry Forest Zone; TSFZ = Thorn-Scrub Forest Zone (based on Vivar [41]). Only the most important species are reported.