Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Ethnobotany of Banda Daud Shah, District Karak

From: Ethnobotanical assessment of plant resources of Banda Daud Shah, District Karak, Pakistan

Plant families Plant species Local names Habit Part use Ethnobotanical use
Acanthaceae Justicia adhatoda Linn. KUH-129 Baza Shrub Leaves The leaves are crushed and used as expectorant. It is also used as anti-inflammatory agent. The plant attracts honey bees.
Amaranthaceae Aerva javanica (Burm. f.) Juss. KUH-103 Khursasa Shrub Whole plant The plant is boiled in water and used as demulcent and diuretic. Dried plant is used as fuel.
Amaranthus viridis Linn. KUH-106 Ranzaka Herb Leaves The leaves are used for gastro-intestinal problems. It is used as fodder.
Apocynaceae Nerium oleander Linn. KUH-138 Gandiray Shrub Whole plant It is cultivated for ornamental purposes.
Rhazya stricta Dcne. KUH-147 Gandarai Shrub Root and leaves The Leaves extract is used as anticancer. Extract of root is used for toothache. Leaves are placed in wheat seeds to protect from insect. Dried leaves is also used as a fuel, hedge and sheltering. It is also honey bee species.
Arecaceae Nannorrhops ritchieana Griff. KUH-137 Mazaray Herb Leaves The decoction of leaves is used for stomach problems. It is also used as thatches.
Phoenix dactylifera Linn. KUH-144 Khajora Tree Whole plant Fruit is laxative. Leaves are used for making mates, ropes and basket.
Asclepiadaceae Aloe vera Linn. KUH-105 Zargia Herb Leaves The decoction of leaves is used as anti-arthritis and backache. Extracts of leaves is used for hepatitis and dermatitis.
Asphodelous tenuifolius Cavan. KUH-107 Pyazakay Herb Leaves and seeds Leaves are said to be diuretic. Seeds are externally applied to ulcers and inflamed parts by local people. It is also a honey bee’s species.
Calotropis procera (Wild) R. Br. KUH-112 Spalmaka Shrub Whole plant Dried leaves are crushed and used as expectorant and anthelmentic. Young flowers used for tumors. The whole plant is used as fodder and fuel
Asteraceae Calendula arvensis Linn. KUH-110 Zirgulay Herb Leaves Leaves are used for hepatitis and spleen enlargement control
Launaea nudicaulis. KUH-132 Peshtlari Herb Leaves The paste of leaves is used for wound healing and antiseptic.
Parthenium hysterophorus Linn. KUH-142 Livanay banga Herb Leaves and branches Used as fodder and fuel.
Boraginaceae Heliotropium bacciferum Forrsk. KUH-128 Markondi Herb Seed Seed is ground and used for backache.
Brassicaceae Brassica campestris Linn. KUH-109 Oray Shrub Whole plant The plant is used as fodder and fuel.
Eruca sativa Mill. KUH-121 Sharsham Herb Whole plant Oil extracted from seed used as anti-lice agent, anti-inflammatory and anti-scabic. It is fodder and fuel plant.
Sisymbrium irio Linn. KUH-150 Shonopy Herb Seed and leaves Leaves are used for stomach problems. Leaves are used to as antipyretic. Seed are used as anti vomiting.
Cactaceae Opuntia dillinni. KUH-140 Papar Shrub Whole plant It is cultivated at the border of crop field to protect them from grazing animal.
Capparidaceae Cappris decidua Forssk. KUH-113 Kirra Tree Whole plant Fruit is laxative used in pickles and jams. Bark is anthelmentic and used for swellings. It is honey bees specie. The pulp of the ripened fruit is edible. The plant is used for hedging and sheltering. Dry plant is used for fuel and making agriculture tools.
Celasteracea Gymnosporia royleana Wall. KUH-127 Hrazanka Shrub Leaves The leaves are used as fuel and fodder.
Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium murale Linn. KUH-114 Sorma Herb Leaves The plant is used as a fodder.
Kochia indica Wight. KUH-131 Qurashka Herb Whole plant Dried plant is used as fuel.
Convolvulaceae Convolvulus arvensis Linn. KUH-115 Parwata Herb Whole plant The root is laxative. The plant is used for skin diseases and asthma. It is a honey bee species and also used as fodder.
Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia helioscopia Linn. KUH-123 Zarobotay Herb Whole plant Poisonous, excessive use of plant causes death of cattle.
Euphorbia exigua Linn. KUH-124 Botay Herb Whole plant The plant serves as a fodder.
Fumariaceae Fumaria indica Hausskn. KUH-126 Livanay gajara Herb Whole plant The extract of plant is used as antipyretic and anthalmentic.
Lamiaceae Otostegia limbata (Benth.) Boiss. KUH-141 Spinazghi Shrub Whole plant It is used as fuel, hedge and sheltering.
Malvaceae Malva parviflora Linn. KUH-133 Puskay Herb Leaves The decoctions of leaves are used for stomach problem. It is also used as laxative.
Meliaceae Melia azedarach Linn. KUH-134 Bakanra Tree Leaves and seed Leaves are antiseptic. Seeds are used for blood pressure. The plant is used for ornamental purposes, fuel, shelter and furniture.
Mimosaceae Acacia modesta Wall. KUH-101 Palosa Tree Whole plant Leaves act as cooling agent. Bark act as pain killer. It is honey bees species. Root and stem are used for making furniture and agriculture tools. It is also used as hedging and shelter.
Acacia nilotica Linn. KUH-102 Kikar Tree Whole plant Bark is used for stomach problems. Seed is demulcent and stimulant. The plant is used as fodder, fuel, agricultural tools and furniture.
Prosopus juliflora (Sw) DC. KUH-145 Kikray Tree Branches Branches are used for hedging and sheltering and also for fuel and fodder.
Moraceae Morus nigra Linn. KUH-136 Toot Tree Wood and fruit Wood is used for fuel, furniture and agriculture tools. Fruit is eaten.
Myrtaceae Callistemon lanceolatus Sm. KUH-111 Bottle bursh Tree Whole plant It is cultivated for ornamental purposes.
  Eucalyptus lanceolatus Linn. KUH-122 Lochay Tree Branches and fruit Fruit is laxative and digestive. Branches are used for thatching, hedging and sheltering.
Oleaceae Olea cuspidata Wall. KUH-139 Zaitoon Tree Leaves and fruit Leaves are antiseptic. Fruit are use as tonic. The plant is used for furniture and agriculture tools.
Papilionaceae Albizia lebback Linn. KUH-104 Sreen Tree Branches The branches are used for fuel and shelter. It also serves as furniture making plant.
Astragulus tragacantha Linn. KUH-108 Warikay hrazana Herb Leaves Leaves are used for respiratory infection. It is a fuel and fodder plant.
Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. KUH-118 Shawa Tree Whole plant The plant is used for fuel, agricultural tools, furniture and sheltering purposes.
Poaceae Cymbopogan jwarancusa (jones) Schult. KUH-116 Sargaray Herb Whole plant The plant is tonic and it is also used as fodder and fuel.
Cynodon dactylon (L) Pers. KUH-117 Osha Herb Whole plant Leaves are laxative and are used in asthma. Whole plant is used as a fodder and for ornamental purposes.
Saccharum arundinaceae Hook. KUH-148 Muskanray Shrub Leaves Used for fuel and fodder. It also used in making roof of houses.
Punicaceae Punica granatum Linn. KUH-146 Anar Tree Fruit and bark Fruit is eaten which compensate iron deficiency. Bark is used for nasal congestion.
Rhamnaceae Zizyphus jujuba Mill. KUH-157 Bera Tree Whole plant Fruit is laxative. Fruit is eaten and also use in medicine. It is honey bees specie. The plant is used as a fuel and fodder. It is also used for making agriculture tools.
Zizyphus nummularia (Burm. f.) KUH-158 Karkanra Tree Whole plant Medicinally the fruit is tonic and digestive. Young leaves are use as anti-diabetic. Ripened fruit is eaten. Dry plant is used as fuel and for agriculture tools. Branches are use for hedging and fencing.
Sapindaceae Dodonaea viscosa Linn. KUH-120 Zerawana Shrub Leaves and branches Leaves are astringent and used in goat rheumatism. Branches are used in thatching and hedging. It also serves as a fodder. Dried plant is used as a fuel.
Sapotaceae Monotheca buxifolia (Falk) A.DC. KUH-135 Gurgura Tree Whole plant Fruit is Laxative, digestive and compensate iron deficiency. The fruit is also eaten. The plant is used as a fuel. It attracts honey bees. The plant is used for making agriculture tools.
Scrophulariaceae Kickxia ramosissma Wall. KUH-130 Wangai Herb Whole plant The plant is used as a fodder and fuel.
Solanaceae Datura innoxia Mill. KUH-119 Randa Shrub Leaves The leaves of plant are used as anti-inflammatory and laxative.
Solanum incannm Linn. KUH-151 Marongay Shrub Leaves Antidiabetic.
Solanum suretenses Burn. KUH-152 Kandyari Herb Leaves and roots Extract of plant is used as expectorant.
Withania coagulans Dunal. KUH-155 Shopianga Shrub Fruit Fruit is used for stomach pain.
Withania somnifera (L) Dunal. KUH-156 Kwatilola Shrub Leaves and fruit Fruit is given to children for removing abdominal pain. Green leaves are use forurinary tract inflammation.
Typhaceae Typha angustata Bory. KUH-153 Dela Shrub Leaves The plant is used for fuel purpose and thatching.
Verbenaceae Vitex negundo Hausskn. KUH-154 Warmandai Shrub Leaves and root Smoke of leaves is used as anodyne, leaves are boiled in oil and then used as wound healing. Roots are used for backache
Zygophyllaceae Fagonia cretica Linn. KUH-125 Spelaghza Herb Whole plant The extract of plant is used for diabetes mellitus and blood purification. It is also anti- inflammatory and anti-scabic.
Pegnum harmala Linn. KUH-143 Sponda Herb Fruit and roots Fresh fruit is used in pain of heart. Roots are used as lice- killing agent. It attracts honey bees.