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Table 1 Main usage categories of plant species and regions where the use is shared

From: Plants used in artisanal fisheries on the Western Mediterranean coasts of Italy

Use (number of species or taxa) Usage category (abbrev.) Species Region
Bait (3) FSH Brassica oleracea L. Liguria
  Helichrysum italicum (Roth) G. Don Liguria, Sardinia
  Myrtus communis L. Campania
Barrels (6) BAR Castanea sativa Miller Campania, Liguria, Sicily
  Fagus sylvatica L. Liguria
  Fraxinus ornus L. Sicily
  Quercus pubescens Willd. s.l. Sicily
  Quercus robur L. s.l. Sicily
  Salix sp. Sicily
Basketry (13) BAS Ampelodesmos mauritanicus (Poiret) T. Durand et Schinz Latium
  Arundo donax L. Campania
  Arundo plinii Turra Campania
  Castanea sativa Miller Campania, Liguria
  Erica arborea L. Campania
  Juncus sp. pl. Campania, Sardinia
  Myrtus communis L. Sardinia
  Olea europaea L. Sardinia
  Pistacia lentiscus L. Sardinia
  Quercus suber L. Liguria, Sardinia
  Salix alba L. Liguria
  Schoenoplectus lacustris (L.) Palla Sardinia
  Tamarix gallica L. Campania
Caulking (2) SHR Cannabis sativa L. Liguria
  Gossypium sp. pl. Liguria
Coloring (1) DYE Linum usitatissimum L. Campania, Sicily
Dams of fish ponds (2) AQC Arundo donax L. Sardinia
  Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. Sardinia
Dyeing of fish nets (7) DYE Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. Tuscany
  Castanea sativa Miller Liguria
  Pinus sp. Liguria
  Pinus sp. pl. Campania, Latium, Sicily
  Pinus halepensis Mill. Campania, Sicily
  Pinus pinea L. Liguria
  Pistacia lentiscus L. Sicily
Fish nets (9) FNT Ampelodesmos mauritanicus (Poiret) T. Durand et Schinz Liguria
  Arundo donax L. Campania
  Cannabis sativa L. Liguria, Latium, Sardinia, Sicily
  Castanea sativa Miller Liguria
  Chamaerops humilis L. Sardinia
  Cocos nucifera L. Liguria
  Gossypium sp. pl. Campania, Latium, Liguria, Sardinia, Sicily
  Lygeum spartum L. Sardinia
  Phormium tenax J.R. et G. Forster Sardinia
Fish traps (19) FTR Ampelodesmos mauritanicus (Poiret) T. Durand et Schinz Latium
  Arundo donax L. Campania, Sardinia
  Arundo plinii Turra Campania
  Castanea sativa Miller Liguria
  Erica arborea L. Campania
  Fraxinus ornus L. Liguria
  Gossypium sp. pl. Latium, Liguria, Sardinia
  Juncus sp. Campania, Latium, Liguria, Sicily
  Juncus sp. pl. Campania, Sardinia
  Juncus acutus L. Sardinia
  Juncus maritimus Lam. Sardinia
  Myrtus communis L. Latium, Sardinia
  Myrtus communis L. subsp. communis Campania
  Olea europaea L. Campania
  Pistacia lentiscus L. Campania
  Punica granatum L. Sardinia
  Salix sp. Liguria
  Salix alba L. Campania
  Tamarix gallica L. Campania
Fishing (6) FSH Gossypium sp. pl. Campania, Liguria
  Laurus nobilis L. Campania
  Olea europaea L. Sardinia, Sicily
  Chamaerops humilis L. Sicily
  Euphorbia characias L. Liguria
  Juniperus sp. pl. Sardinia
Floats (1) FSH Quercus suber L. Campania, Latium, Liguria, Sardinia, Sicily
Grill (1) TOL Castanea sativa Miller Liguria
Hooks (1) FSH Acacia karroo Hayne Sardinia
Illegal fishing (5) ILF Daphne gnidium L. Tuscany
  Euphorbia dendroides L. Sicily
  Euphorbia helioscopia L. Sicily
  Pistacia lentiscus L. Tuscany
  Verbascum thapsus L. Tuscany
Making ships go faster (1) SHB Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Miller Campania
Mussel farming (3) AQC Ampelodesmos mauritanicus (Poiret) T. Durand et Schinz Liguria
  Castanea sativa Miller Campania
  Quercus ilex L. Sardinia
Pulleys (1) TOL Pyrus communis L. Liguria
Ramps (6) TOL Citrus aurantium L. Campania
  Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f. Campania
  Cormus domestica (L.) Spach Campania
  Olea europaea L. Campania
  Quercus ilex L. Campania, Sicily
  Quercus pubescens Willd. subsp. pubescens Campania
Ropes (8) SHR Agave americana L. Sicily
  Ampelodesmos mauritanicus (Poiret) T. Durand et Schinz Latium, Liguria, Lucania, Sicily
  Cannabis sativa L. Sardinia, Sicily
  Chamaerops humilis L. Sardinia
  Cocos nucifera L. Liguria, Sardinia, Sicily
  Juncus sp. pl. Sardinia
  Lygeum spartum L. Sardinia
  Phormium tenax J.R. et G. Forster Sardinia
Ship building (33) SHB Agave americana L. Sicily
  Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. Liguria
  Arbutus unedo L. Liguria
  Arundo donax L. Sardinia
  Castanea sativa Miller Campania, Liguria
  Ceratonia siliqua L. Campania
  Cormus domestica (L.) Spach Campania
  Fagus sylvatica L. Campania, Liguria
  Fraxinus ornus L. Liguria
  Fraxinus ornus L. subsp. ornus Campania
  Juglans regia L. Liguria
  Juncus acutus L. Sardinia
  Juniperus sp. pl. Sardinia
  Laburnum anagyroides Medik Liguria
  Larix decidua Mill. Liguria
  Mespilus germanica L. Sicily
  Morus sp. Calabria, Liguria
  Morus alba L. Campania, Sicily
  Olea europaea L. Liguria
  Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. Liguria
  Pinus sp. Calabria, Liguria
  Pinus halepensis Mill. Sardinia, Sicily
  Pinus nigra J.F. Arnold s.l. Sardinia
  Pinus pinaster Aiton s.l. Liguria
  Pinus pinea L. Campania, Liguria
  Prunus avium (L.) L. Liguria
  Quercus sp. Calabria, Liguria
  Quercus ilex L. Campania, Liguria
  Quercus pubescens Willd. subsp. pubescens Campania
  Quercus robur L. s.l. Liguria
  Robinia pseudoacacia L. Liguria
  Schoenoplectus lacustris (L.) Palla Sardinia
  Ulmus minor Miller s.l. Campania, Liguria
Ship models (1) SHB Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. Liguria
Shrouds (1) SHR Chamaerops humilis L. Sardinia
Tools (10) TOL Arbutus unedo L. Liguria
  Arundo donax L. Campania
  Castanea sativa Miller Liguria
  Fagus sylvatica L. Liguria
  Fraxinus ornus L. Liguria
  Myrtus communis L. Sardinia
  Olea europaea L. Latium
  Phillyrea angustifolia L. Sardinia
  Tamarix africana Poir. Sardinia
  Tamarix gallica L. Sardinia
Waterproofing (1) DYE Linum usitatissimum L. Liguria
  1. Notes: BAR: Barrels (different parts of the barrels used for preserving fish); BAS: Basketry (baskets, trays and cages for fish); AQC: Aquaculture (dams for fish ponds and mussel farming); DYE: Dyeing (dyeing of fish nets, waterproofing and painting of boat parts); FNT: Fish nets (various parts of different kinds of fish nets); FTR: Fish traps (various parts of fish traps); FSH: Fishing (hooks, baits, floats, etc.); ILF: Illegal fishing (poisonous plants used to narcotize or catch fish); SHR: Shrouds (various ropes and shrouds); SHB: Ship building (different parts of boats: e.g., hull, keel, upperworks, transverse frames, etc.); TOL: Tools (different tools used in fishing: e.g., needles for repairing fish nets, grill for hanging fish nets, ramps and pulleys for pulling boats out of the water).