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Table 1 Ethnobotanical inventory of Lhoba in Milin County, Tibet, China

From: Ethnobotanical study on wild plants used by Lhoba people in Milin County, Tibet

Family name Scientific name Local name Habit Part used Local use
Adoxaceae Sambucus adnata Wall. ex DC. Ong na nie na san dou ba Herb Fruits and roots Medicine used for treating bruises. Fruits are edible and sweet.
  Viburnum kansuense Batal. Ga ma mi me Shrub Fruits Food.
  Viburnum nervosum D. Don Ji bong Shrub Roots Soaked in alcohol for anti-inflammatory and relieving pain as external medicine.
Apiaceae Angelica apaensis R. H. Shan et C. Q. Yuan Jia na Herb Whole plant Boiled, used as hypotensive drugs.
Balanophoraceae Balanophora involucrata Hook. f. Di du guo ya Herb Whole plant Soaked in alcohol or boiled in water for aphrodisiac.
Berberidaceae Berberis atrocarpa Schneid. Jiu zi ca ma Shrub Leaves and fruits Food (sour taste).
  Berberis kongboensis Ahrendt Jiu zi ca ma Shrub Leaves and fruits Food (sour taste).
  Berberis pruinosa Franch. Sai mang Shrub Branches, roots and fruits Branches and roots are boiled in water and used as medicine for treating diarrhea. Fruits are edible and sour. Fruits and roots are also used for dyeing.
  Berberis temolaica Ahrendt Si sen Shrub Roots Dye plant.
  Dysosma tsayuensis Ying Dong na long dong Herb Fruits Eaten directly as food or boiled in water as medicine for treating gynecological diseases or hematinics.
  Sinopodophyllum hexandrum (Royle) Ying Dong na long dong Herb Fruits Eaten directly as food or boiled in water as medicine for treating gynecological diseases or hematinics.
Bignoniaceae Incarvillea lutea Bur. et Franch. Di ma bu du Herb Roots Medicine used for hematinics.
Clusiaceae Hypericum bellum Li Da bu ru ma Herb Fruits Tobacco substitutes.
Compositae Ajania tenuifolia (Jacq.) Tzvel. Yi lin Herb Whole plant Incense plant
  Anaphalis nepalensis (Spreng.) Hand.-Mazz. A bo Herb Whole plant Tobacco substitute, kindling and fuel
  Artemisia vestita Wall. ex Bess. Can ba Herb Whole plant An important incense plant.
  Cirsium eriophoroides (Hook. F.) Petrak Da ca ma Herb Whole plant Medicine external used for stopping bleeding and reducing the inflammation.
  Erigeron breviscapus (Vant.) Hand.-Mazz. Ra jiang Herb Flowers and roots Boiled or eaten directly, used for treating dyspepsia, headache and kidney deficiency.
  Leontopodium dedekensii (Bur. et Franch.) Beauv. Ba bong bin Herb Whole plant Kindling and fuel.
  Ligularia rumicifolia (Drumm.) S. W. Liu Lang qian niu ba Herb Roots Boiled liquid for treating sore throat as an anti-inflammatory medicine.
  Senecio scandens Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Gang bu rong ba Herb Roots Boiled for treating cold.
  Synotis solidaginea (Hand.-Mazz.) C. Jeffrey et Y. L. Chen Mi ji dong ba Herb Whole plant Boiled liquid for treating stuffy nose and freckle.
Cupressaceae Juniperus squamata Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Ba ma Tree Leaves and branches Fuel, incense and timber plant.
Elaeagnaceae Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Jiu gong/Ran jia Tree Fruits Food (sour and sweet taste), used for treating stomach pain.
  Hippophae rhamnoides Linn. subsp. yunnanensis Rousi Da guo Tree Fruits Food (sour and sweet taste), dye plant.
Ericaceae Gaultheria wardii Marq. et Airy-Shaw Dong gou mi xi Shrub Fruits Food.
  Rhododendron cephalanthum Franch. Da jia bu Shrub Leaves and branches Incense plant.
  Rhododendron primuliflorum Bur. et Franch. Da jia bu Shrub Leaves and branches Incense plant.
Fagaceae Quercus aquifolioides Rehd. et Wils. Sen nie ya ye Tree Fruits and branches Unshelled and crushed fruits are used for making flat cake. Branches are used for making agriculture tools, weaving tools and fuel.
Grossulariaceae Ribes himalense Royle ex Decaisne Ong m li Shrub Fruits Food (sour and sweet taste)
  Ribes laciniatum J. D. Hooder et Thomson Ong m li Shrub Fruits Food (sour and sweet taste)
Lamiaceae Elsholtzia ciliata (Thunb.) Hyland. Bong ga da nang Herb Whole plant Spice plant for making blood sausages.
  Elsholtzia densa Benth. Bong ga da nang Herb Whole plant Spice plant for making blood sausages.
  Elsholtzia strobilifera Benth. Bong ga da nang Herb Whole plant Spice plant for making blood sausages.
  Phlomis milingensis C. Y. Wu et H. W. Li Ou mu ba wa Herb Flowers Nectar
  Salvia przewalskii Maxim. Re nie Herb Flowers Nectar
Lauraceae Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Pers. De yi Tree Fruits Medicine used for treating stomach disorder and diarrhea. Fruits are fried with pepper as substitute of spices.
  Litsea pungens Hemsl. Ta er Tree Fruits Fried with pepper as spices substitutes.
Melanthiaceae Paris polyphylla Smith Da bi ri sen Herb Roots Medicine used as a kind of inflammation-relieving hemostatic medicine.
Pinaceae Abies forrestii C. C. Rogers Song Tree Branches Fuel, used for making barrel and other living appliances
Plantaginaceae Veronica anagallis- aquatica Linn. Bong ga neng bong Herb Whole plant Food (a kind of vegetable). Medicine used for treating sore throat.
Poaceae Fargesia macclureana Yi La rang Herb Branches Fuel, thatching, weaving basket and other instruments of labor.
Polygonaceae Polygonum hydropiper Linn. A er Herb Aboveground part Dye plant
  Polygonum tortuosum D. Don. Ya rong Herb Whole plant Boiled roots used for treating diarrhea. Fodder.
Primulaceae Primula sikkimensis Hook. Qiu dong ba Herb Roots Boiled for treating diarrhea.
Pteridiaceae Pteridium aquilinum (Linn.) Kuhn var. latiusculum (Desv.) Underw. ex Heller Da wang Herb Burgeens Food (a kind of vegetable)
Ranunculaceae Aconitum kongboense Lauener Ao mo mu ji Herb Roots Poison for hunting. Grinding roots into power and stick on arrowhead with water to make the arrow poison. Medicine used for paretic analgesia.
  Batrachium bungei (Steud.) L. Liou Xi jiao Herb Leaves Medicine used to wash hair for hair healthy.
  Coptis teeta Franch. Meng ba Herb Roots Medicine used in wound care for stopping bleeding, relieving pain, anti-inflammatory and detoxification properties.
Rhamnaceae Berchemia yunnanensis Franch. Guo lang Tree Fruits Medicine used for stomach pain
Rosaceae Fragaria vesca Linn. Yi gei ba qi Herb Fruits Food (sweet taste)
  Potentilla anserina Linn. Ba xi Herb whole plant Incense plant. Roots are cooked with other food material for nutritional supplement.
  Rosa omeiensis Rolfe Ha ji ba bu Shrub Fruits Food (sweet taste) used for treating dysentery and cold.
  Rubus biflorus Buch.-Ham. ex Smith Yi na/Zi ga Shrub Fruits Food (sweet taste), good for kidney.
  Sorbus thibetica (Card.) Hand.-Mazz. Bo lang Tree Fruits Food (sour and sweet taste),eaten after frost for replenishing strength.
Rubiaceae Rubia cordifolia Linn. Da min Herb Whole plant Dye plant
Rutaceae Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim. Ye ma Shrub Fruits Spices
Usneaceae Usnea spp. Bi ba beng suo Herb Whole plant Soaked in water, used to wash feet for treating beriberi.
Zygnemataceae Spirogyra spp. Ni a ji Herb Whole plant Food (making soup)
  1. (Ranked by family names alphabetically, followed by generic and species names).