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Table 1 Medicinal plants used to treat digestive system disorders by the Karen people of northern Thailand

From: Ethnomedicinal plants used for digestive system disorders by the Karen of northern Thailand

Scientific name (Voucher no.) Family Karen name Part used Preparation Route of administration Application Use value
Acorus calamus L. (K. Kamwong106) Acoraceae Por bue lah rhizome non, decoction eaten as food, potion stomach ache 0.14
Asparagus filicinus Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don (K. Kamwong097) Asparagaceae Ya su mae root decoction potion, bath gastric ulcer, jaundice hemorrhoid, flatulence 0.10
Boesenbergia rotunda (L.) Mansf. (K. Kamwong099) Zingiberaceae Por sa raw rhizome decoction potion flatulence 0.39
Cassytha filiformis L. (K. Kamwong073) Lauraceae Se kruy po all decoction potion, bath jaundice 0.21
Celastrus paniculatus Willd. (K. Kamwong031) Celastraceae Ti si bler bark decoction potion diarrhea 0.08
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. (T. Sukkho157) Apiaceae Chuy po co la do leaf non eaten as food gastric ulcer, diarrhea 0.09
Croton kongensis Gagnep. (K. Kamwong032) Euphorbiaceae Sa ko wa leaf decoction potion, bath gastric ulcer, jaundice, diarrhea 0.30
Croton robustus Kurz (K. Kamwong033) Euphorbiaceae Sa ko wa sui leaf, bark decoction bath jaundice 0.21
Curcuma longa L. (T. Sukkho071) Zingiberaceae Si yaw rhizome non, decoction eaten as food, potion gastric ulcer, flatulence 0.56
Dendrocalamus strictus (Roxb.) Nees (K. Kamwong284) Poaceae Wa mee leaf decoction potion, bath jaundice 0.36
Dillenia pentagyna Roxb. (K. Kamwong204) Dilleniaceae Kho tee bark decoction potion gastric ulcer 0.52
Embelia sessiliflora Kurz (T. Sukkho006) Myrsinaceae Blea blor fruit non eaten as food laxative 0.09
Engelhardtia spicata Blume var. colebrookeana (Lindl. ex Wall.) Kuntze (K. Kamwong208) Juglandaceae Klue por bark decoction potion gastric ulcer 0.59
Ensete glaucum (Roxb.) Cheesman (K. Kamwong020) Musaceae Ya pa la leaf sheaf decoction potion diarrhea, food poisoning 0.23
Euphorbia heterophylla L. (T. Sukkho055) Euphorbiaceae Nor bo lo bell leaf, latex decoction, non potion, liniment laxative, mouth ulcer 0.47
Euphorbia hirta L. (K. Kamwong272) Euphorbiaceae - all decoction potion gastric ulcer 0.43
Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch. (K.Kamwong241) Flacourtiaceae Ser pae bark non, decoction hold in mouth, potion toothache, gastric ulcer, diarrhea 0.14
Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Merr. (K. Kamwong209) Fabaceae Chor ae go bor bark decoction potion jaundice 0.28
Gmelina arborea Roxb. (K. Kamwong122) Lamiaceae Ker ma bark, flower decoction potion gastric ulcer, laxative 0.11
Gymnopetalum integrifolium Kurz. (T. Sukkho166) Cucurbitaceae Se do kwaw mee leaf, stem decoction potion, bath jaundice, flatulence 0.19
Kaempferia parviflora Wall. ex Baker (T. Sukkho039) Zingiberaceae Por sue rhizome decoction potion gastric ulcer, flatulence 0.17
Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr. (K. Kamwong135) Leeaceae Na tor kor root, stem decoction potion diarrhea, hemorrhoid, gastric ulcer 0.14
Melastoma malabathricum L. (K.Tang054) Melastomataceae Se la play fruit non hold in mouth mouth ulcer, geographic tongue 0.37
Musa sapientum L. (K. Kamwong021) Musaceae Si kuy fruit non eaten as food diarrhea 0.34
Mussaenda sanderiana Ridl. (K. Kamwong034) Rubiaceae Por jor kaw pe root, leaf decoction hold in mouth bath, potion toothache, jaundice, appetite stimulant 0.17
Ochna integerrima (Lour.) Merr. (K. Kamwong028) Ochnaceae Ti si bor leaf decoction potion, bath constipation, jaundice, gastric ulcer, diarrhea 0.25
Psidium guajava L. (K. Kamwong115) Myrtaceae Ma kwuy young leaf decoction potion diarrhea 0.61
Punica granatum L. (T. Sukkho148) Punicaceae Chor pa lea young leaf decoction potion diarrhea 0.71
Senna alata (L.) Roxb. (K. Kamwong168) Fabaceae Ya la mer pa do leaf decoction potion laxative 0.49
Senna occidentalis (L.) Link (K. Kamwong183) Fabaceae Ya la mer leaf decoction potion laxative 0.59
Tamarindus indica L. (K. Kamwong093) Fabaceae Sa mor klae fruit non eaten as food laxative 0.26
Thunbergia laurifolia Lindl. (K. Kamwong083) Acanthaceae Jaw law lee der leaf, stem decoction potion, bath gastric ulcer diarrhea, jaundice 0.16
Zingiber montanum (J.K├Ânig) Link ex A.Dietr. (K. Kamwong236) Zingiberaceae Blae ko bor rhizome decoction, non potion, eaten as food flatulence, gastric ulcer 0.72
Zingiber officinale Roscoe (K. Kamwong319) Zingiberaceae Sa ae rhizome decoction potion diarrhea, flatulence, gastric ulcer 0.30
Zingiber ottensii Valeton (K. Kamwong166) Zingiberaceae Blae ko sue rhizome decoction potion flatulence, carminative 0.74
Ziziphus cambodiana Pierre (K. Kamwong064) Rhamnaceae Ri co mae bark decoction potion, bath gastric ulcer, hemorrhoid, jaundice 0.16