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Table 1 Termite species used as food or feed

From: Edible and medicinal termites: a global overview

Species Use Country(ies) Reference(s)
Feed Food
Hodotermitidae     
Hodotermes mossambicus (Hagen, 1853)   X Botswana [54]
Microhodotermes viator (Latreille, 1804)   X South Africa [38]
Kalotermitidae     
Kalotermes flavicollis (Fabricius, 1793) X X Brazil, Thailand [25,38,51,59]
Rhinotermitidae     
Coptotermes formosanus (Shiraki, 1909)   X China [25,38,57,98]
Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar, 1837)   X Thailand [20,25,38]
Reticulitermes tibialis (Banks in Banks & Snyder, 1920)   X Mexico [38]
Termitidae     
Cubitermes atrox (Smeathman, 1781)   X Indonesia [25,38]
Labiotermes labralis (Holmgren, 1906)   X Colombia [25,53]
Macrotermes acrocephalus (Ping, 1985)   X China [25,38,57]
Macrotermes annandalei (Silvestri, 1914)   X China [25,57,58,98]
Macrotermes barneyi (Light, 1924)   X China [25,38,57,58,98]
Macrotermes bellicosus (Smeathman, 1781) X X Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria, Angola, Zambia, Kenya, Guinea, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda [4,20,23,25-28,33,34,38,42-47,49,75,80,81,88,96,103]
Macrotermes falciger (Gerstacker, 1891)   X Zimbabwe, Congo, Benin, Zambia, South Africa [20,25,38-40,48,49,54,77,103]
Macrotermes gabonensis (Sjoestedt, 1900)   X Congo [25,38]
Macrotermes gilvus (Hagen, 1858)   X Thailand, Malaysa [25,55,56]
Macrotermes herus (Sjoestedt, 1914) X   Tanzania [35,79]
Macrotermes lilljeborgi (Sjoestedt, 1896) X   Cameroon, Guinea [83,84,88]
Macrotermes michaelseni (Sjoestedt, 1914)   X Malawi [103]
Macrotermes muelleri (Sjoestedt, 1898) X   Congo, Cameroon, Guinea [36,37,83]
Macrotermes natalensis (Haviland, 1898)   X Central African Republic, Zimbabwe, Congo, Nigeria [20,25,27,32,38,41,49,95]
Macrotermes nobilis (Sjoestedt, 1900) X   Congo, Gabon, Cameroon [36,37,83]
Macrotermes renouxi (Rouland, 1993) X   Cameroon [88,113]
Macrotermes subhyalinus (Rambur, 1842) X X Angola, Zambia, Kenya, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda [23,25,28-31,34,38,39,43,56,58,76,78,79,88,92-94,103]
Macrotermes vitrialatus (Sjoestedt, 1899)   X Zambia [25,30,31,38]
Microcerotermes dubius (Haviland, 1898)   X Malaysia [25,56]
Microcerotermes serrula (Holmgren, 1912a)   X Malaysia [25,56]
Nasutitermes corniger (Motschulsky, 1855)   X Venezuela [25,53]
Nasutitermes ephratae (Holmgren, 1910b)   X Venezuela [25,53]
Nasutitermes macrocephalus (Silvestri, 1903)   X Venezuela [25,53]
Nasutitermes surinamensis (Holmgren, 1910b)   X Venezuela [25,53]
Odontotermes badius (Haviland, 1898)   X South Africa, Zambia, Kenya [25,30,38,47,51]
Odontotermes capensis (De Geer, 1778)   X South Africa [25,38]
Odontotermes feae (Wasmann, 1896)   X India [25,38,57]
Odontotermes formosanus (Shiraki, 1909)   X India, China [25,58,59,100,103]
Odontotermes kibarensis (Fuller, 1923)   X Uganda [103]
Odontotermes yunnanensis (Tsai & Chen, 1963)   X China [25,58,59,100]
Pseudacanthotermes militaris (Hagen, 1858) X X Angola, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda [25,30,44,77,88,90,103]
Pseudacanthotermes spiniger (Sjoestedt, 1900) X X Congo, Zambia, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda [25,30,38,44,47,77,87,90,96,103]
Syntermes aculeosus (Emerson, 1945)   X Venezuela, Brazil [25,54,93]
Syntermes parallelus (Silvestri, 1923)   X Colombia [25,38,57,91,92]
Syntermes spinosus (Latreille, 1804)   X Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela [4,25,38,54,57,91,92]
Syntermes tanygnathus (Constantino, 1995)   X Colombia [25,53]
Termes fatalis (Linnaeus, 1758)   X Guyana, Indonesia [25,38]