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Table 3 Medicinal Flora of Pothwar Plateau (Northern Punjab)

From: A comparative ethno-botanical study of Cholistan (an arid area) and Pothwar (a semi-arid area) of Pakistan for traditional medicines

Sr. No. Plant Name [voucher specimen #] Vernacular name Family Plant part used Disease cure References
1 Abutilon indicum G. Don [0001/ASAB/NUST] Kanghi Malvaceae Whole plant Diarrhea, sexually transmitted diseases, burning with urination Traditional Health Healers [THH]; [65]
2 Acacia modesta Wall. [0002/ASAB/NUST] Phulahi Mimosaceae Bark of tree gas trouble and abdominal diseases [THH]; [67]
3 Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile. [0003/ASAB/NUST] Kiker Mimosaceae Bark, leaves and branches Mouth sores, gum pain and toothache, eye sores, sexual disability, diarrhea, asthma [THH]; [67]; [68]
4 Achyranthus aspera L. [0004/ASAB/NUST] Puth kanda Amaranthaceae Whole plant Excessive menstruation, piles, abdominal pain, toothache, severe diarrhea. [THH]; [65]
5 Adhatoda vasica Nees [0005/ASAB/NUST] Bekkar Acanthaceae Leaves High blood sugar [THH]; [82]
6 Adiantum capillus veneris L. [0006/ASAB/NUST] Sarhaj Adiantaceae Leaves Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [83]
7 Albizzia lebbek (L.) Benth [0007/ASAB/NUST] Shrin Mimosaceae Leaves Eye problems [THH]; [67]
8 Allium cepa L. [0008/ASAB/NUST] Piaz Liliaceae bulb High blood pressure, high blood sugar [THH]; [82]
9 Allium sativum L. [0009/ASAB/NUST] Thoom Liliaceae bulb Ear pain, hypertension, high blood sugar [THH]; [67]; [82]
10 Aloe vera L. [0010/ASAB/NUST] Knwar gandal Liliaceae Leaf sap, stem Abdominal pains, constipation, skin diseases, high blood sugar [THH]; [67]; [82]
11 Amaranthus viridis L. [0011/ASAB/NUST] Chaulai Amaranthaceae Leaves Menstrual disturbance, constipation [THH]; [36]; [65]
12 Anethum graveolense L. [0012/ASAB/NUST] Soye Apiaceae seeds Abdominal pain [THH]; [67]
13 Argyrolobium roseum (Comb) Jaub & Spach. [0013/ASAB/NUST] Makhni Papilionaceae Whole plant Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [83]
Booti
14 Artemisia scoparia Walds & Kit. [0014/ASAB/NUST] Done Jhan, pinche Asteraceae Whole plant Abdominal disorder, earache [65]
15 Atriplex spp. [0015/ASAB/NUST] Gerukh pari Chenopodiaceae Leaves, whole plant Fever, jaundice, slugishness, liver disease, joint pain [36]
16 Berberis lycium Royle. [0016/ASAB/NUST] Sumbul Berberidaceae Leaves Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [83]
17 Boerhaavia procumbens L. [0017/ASAB/NUST] Itsit Nyctaginaceae Whole plant Jaundice, liver diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, weakness [THH]; [83]; [65]
18 Bryophyllum pinnatum Kurz. [0018/ASAB/NUST] Zakhm-e-hayat Crassulaceae Leaves Wounds healing [THH]; [67]
19 Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. [0019/ASAB/NUST] Arar ke dal Papilionaceae seeds High blood sugar [THH]; [82]
20 Calotropis procera Alton. F. [0020/ASAB/NUST] Ak Asclepiadaceae Leaves, latex and flowers Snake bite, piles, leprosy, sexually transmitted diseases, asthma, joint pain [THH]; [67]; [68]
21 Cannabis sativa L. [0021/ASAB/NUST] Bhang Cannabinaceae Leaves, flowers Indigestion, sexually transmitted diseases, also used as sedative, narcotic and antidote against poison [THH]; [36]; [65]
22 Caralluma edulis (L.) Benth ex Hook. f. [0022/ASAB/NUST] Choung Asclepidaceae aerial parts High blood sugar [82]
23 Carissa opaca Stapf. ex. Haines [0023/ASAB/NUST] Garanda Apocynaceae Leaves Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [83]
24 Carthamus oxycantha Bieb [0024/ASAB/NUST] Pohli Asteraceae seeds Oil is used against itching [THH]; [65]
25 Chenopodium album L. [0025/ASAB/NUST] Bathu Chenopodiaceae Whole plant Jaundice, urinary problems, antidote against snake bite [THH]; [36]; [65]
26 Cicer arietinum L. [0026/ASAB/NUST] Chinnay Papilionaceae seeds High blood sugar [82]
27 Cichorium intybus L. [0027/ASAB/NUST] Kasni Asteraceae Roots, whole plant High blood sugar, jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [66]; [82]; [83]
28 Citrullus colocynthus (L.) Schrad [0028/ASAB/NUST] Tumma Cucurbitaceae Fruit Abdominal diseases, constipation [THH]; [67]
29 Convolvulus arvensis L. [0029/ASAB/NUST] Laili, erlai Convolvulaceae Aerial parts Abdominal worms, used as deodorant, skin disorders [THH]; [36]; [65]; [67]
30 Cucumis sativus L. [0030/ASAB/NUST] Kheera Cucurbitaceae Fruit Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [83]
31 Cynodon dactylon L. [0031/ASAB/NUST] Khabal ghas Poaceae Stem, leaves Dysentery with fever [65]
32 Cyperus rotundas L. [0032/ASAB/NUST] Deela Cyperaceae Whole plant Indigestion, vomiting, diarrhea and vomiting, fever [65]
33 Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. [0033/ASAB/NUST] Tali Papilionaceae Leaves Dandruff [67]
34 Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq. [0034/ASAB/NUST] Sanatha Sapindaceae Leaves High blood sugar [82]
35 Eucalyptus cammaldulensis Dehn [0035/ASAB/NUST] Sufaida, Lachi Myrtaceae Leaves Flu [THH]; [67]
36 Euphorbia helioscopia L. [0036/ASAB/NUST] Chattri dodak Euphorbiaceae Leaves, root, latex Constipation, increases milk supply [THH]; [65]
37 Euphorbia royleana Boiss. [0037/ASAB/NUST] Danda thor Euphorbiaceae branch Ear pain [67]
38 Fagonia indica Burm. F. [0038/ASAB/NUST] Dhamian Zygophyllaceae Leaves and branches Gas trouble, skin problems, high blood sugar [THH]; [67]; [82]
39 Ficus bengalensis L. [0039/ASAB/NUST] Bohr Moraceae Leaves and branches latex High blood sugar [THH]; [82]
40 Foeniculum vulgare Mill. [0040/ASAB/NUST] Soonf Apiaceae inflorescence Eye-cataract, stomach disorders, indigestion [THH]; [67]
41 Fumaria indica (Husskn.) H.N. Pugsley [0041/ASAB/NUST] Shahtra papra Fumariaceae Whole plant Diarrhea, also used as blood purifier [THH]; [36]
42 Hordeum vulgare L. [0042/ASAB/NUST] Jo Poaceae seeds Kidney pain, high blood sugar; jaundice [66]; [67]; [82]; [83]
43 Ipomoea pentaphylla (L.) Jacq. [0043/ASAB/NUST] Kaan Kati Convolvulaceae Seeds Jaundice, intestinal pain and worms [THH]; [36]
44 Justacia adhatoda L. [0044/ASAB/NUST] Bahker Acanthaceae roots Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [83]
45 Kickxia ramosissima (Wall) Janchen [0045/ASAB/NUST] Khunger booti Scrophulariaceae Whole plant High blood sugar [82]
46 Lactuca serriola L. [0046/ASAB/NUST] Kahu Asteraceae Whole plant Stomach ache, cough, and asthma. [THH]; [65]
47 Malva parviflora Wall. [0047/ASAB/NUST] Sonchal Malvaceae Whole plant Cough, flue and fever [THH]; [36]
48 Melia azedarach L. [0048/ASAB/NUST] Dharek, bakain, Herak Meliaceae Leaves, fruits Piles, foot itching, high blood sugar, emotional disturbance, blood pressure [THH]; [67]; [68]; [82]
49 Momordica charantia L. [0049/ASAB/NUST] Karella Cucurbitaceae fruits High blood sugar [THH]; [82]
50 Morus alba L. [0050/ASAB/NUST] Shehtoot, Chitta toot Moraceae Leaves, fruits Cough, sore throat, jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [36]; [67]; [83]
51 Morus nigra L. [0051/ASAB/NUST] Kalla toot Moraceae Fruit Cough, sore throat, Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [66]; [83]
52 Myrsine africana L. [0052/ASAB/NUST] Khukan Myrsinaceae Leaves Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [83]
53 Ocimum album L. [0053/ASAB/NUST] Chitti Tulsi Lamiaceae Leaves High blood sugar [36]
54 Ocimum basilicum L. [0054/ASAB/NUST] Niazbo Lamiaceae Leaves Mouth sores [THH]; [67]
55 Ocimum sanctum L. [0055/ASAB/NUST] Tulsi Lamiaceae Leaves High blood sugar [82]
56 Oxalis corniculata L. [0056/ASAB/NUST] Gandora, khati booti Oxalidaceae Leaves, seeds Jaundice, liver diseases, stomach disorder [36]; [67]; [83]
57 Parthenium hysterophorus L. [0057/ASAB/NUST] Chatak chandni Asteraceae Whole plant Severe diarrhea. [36]
58 Peganum heramala L. [0058/ASAB/NUST] Hermal Zygophyllaceae Seeds and whole plant Abdominal pain, also Smoke has insecticidal properties [THH]; [67]
59 Phyllanthus emblica L. [0059/ASAB/NUST] Aamla Euphorbiaceae fruits Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [83]
60 Plantago lanceolatum L. [0060/ASAB/NUST] Ispaghol Plantaginaceae Seed husk Gas trouble, indigestion, stomach problems [THH]; [67]
61 Plantago ovata Forssk. [0061/ASAB/NUST] Bhatti Plantaginaceae Fruit, Seed husk Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [66]; [83]
62 Pongamia pinnata (L.) Merril [0062/ASAB/NUST] Sukh chain Papilionaceae Leaves, seeds, root Skin problems and stomachache [65]
63 Praecitrullus fistulosus (Stocks.) Pangalo. [0063/ASAB/NUST] Teenda Cucurbitaceae leaves Blood pressure [67]
64 Psidium guajava L. [0064/ASAB/NUST] Amrood Myrtaceae leaves High blood pressure, high blood sugar, constipation [THH]; [67]; [82]
65 Punica granatum L. [0065/ASAB/NUST] Anar Punicaceae Fruit Diarrhea, anemia [THH]; [67]
66 Raphanus sativus L. [0066/ASAB/NUST] Mooli Brassicaceae Root Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [83]
67 Rhazya stricta Decne. [0067/ASAB/NUST] Vena, venra, Verian Apocynaceae Leaves and branches Tooth ache, acne [67]
68 Ricinus communis L. [0068/ASAB/NUST] Arind Euphorbiaceae Leaves, oil Wound healing, constipation, joints swelling and pain. [THH]; [36]; [67]
69 Rosa indica L. [0069/ASAB/NUST] Gulab Rosaceae petals Eye burning, constipation, abdominal pain. [THH]
70 Rumex hastatus D. Don, Prodr. [0070/ASAB/NUST] Khatimal Polygonaceae Leaves Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [83]
71 Silybum marianum L. Gaertn [0071/ASAB/NUST] Ount Katara, kandiali Asteraceae Leaves, seeds Liver diseases, horse bite [83]; [84]
72 Sisymbrium irio L. [0072/ASAB/NUST] Khoob Kalan, Jangli sarson Brassicaceae Leaves, seeds Throat, chest infection and swelling [THH]; [36]; [65]
73 Solanum nigrum L. [0073/ASAB/NUST] Kachmach Solanaceae Leaves and branches Abdominal pain, stomachache, high blood sugar, burnt skin and wounds [THH]; [37]; [67]; [82]
74 Solanum surratense Burm. F. [0074/ASAB/NUST] Kandiari/Muhakri Solanaceae Fruits, flowers Abdomen pain, gas trouble, chronic coughs and pain [THH]; [36]; [67]
75 Sonchus arvensis L. [0075/ASAB/NUST] Dodak Asterceae Whole plant Jaundice, cough, chest stiffness, asthma [65]
76 Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeets. [0076/ASAB/NUST] Jaman Myrtaceae Seeds High blood sugar [THH]; [67]
77 Tagetes petala L. [0077/ASAB/NUST] Satbarga Asteraceae Leaves Ear pain [67]
78 Tamarindus indica L. [0078/ASAB/NUST] Imli Caesalpinaceae Fruit, Roots Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [83]
79 Taraxacum officinale Weber [0079/ASAB/NUST] Doddak, Hand Asteraceae Leaves, Rhizome High blood sugar, jaundice [THH]; [82]; [83]
80 Trachyspermum copticum L. [0080/ASAB/NUST] Ajwain Apiaceae Seeds Gas trouble, stomach upset [THH]; [67]
81 Tribulus terristris L. [0081/ASAB/NUST] Bhakra Zygophyllaceae Whole plant, leaves Joint, muscle pain, urinary disorders, impotency [THH]; [36]; [83]
82 Trigonella foenum-graecum L. [0082/ASAB/NUST] Methri Papilionaceae seeds High blood sugar [THH]; [82]
83 Tylophora hirsuta L. [0083/ASAB/NUST] Glow Asclepiadaceae branches High blood sugar [82]
84 Vigna mungo (Burm. f.) Walp. [0084/ASAB/NUST] Mung Papilionaceae seeds High blood sugar [82]
85 Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal [0085/ASAB/NUST] Aksun, asgand Solanaceae leaves Cure joint, muscle pain, uterine diseases, used as sexual stimulant. [THH]; [36]; [67]
86 Zizyphus nummularia (Burm. F) Wight and Arn. [0086/ASAB/NUST] Beri Rhamnaceae Leaves, fruits Hair roughness, high blood sugar, wound healing [THH]; [36]; [67]; [82]
Sr. No. Plant Name [voucher specimen #] Vernacular name Family Plant part used Disease Cure References
1 Abutilon indicum G. Don [0001/ASAB/NUST] Kanghi Malvaceae Whole plant Diarrhea, sexually transmitted diseases, burning with urination Traditional Health Healers [THH]; [41]
2 Acacia modesta Wall. [0002/ASAB/NUST] Phulahi Mimosaceae Bark of tree gas trouble and abdominal diseases [THH]; [43]
3 Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile. [0003/ASAB/NUST] Kiker Mimosaceae Bark, leaves and branches Mouth sores, gum pain and toothache, eye sores, sexual disability, diarrhea, asthma [THH]; [43]; [44]
4 Achyranthus aspera L. [0004/ASAB/NUST] Puth kanda Amaranthaceae Whole plant Excessive menstruation, piles, abdominal pain, toothache, severe diarrhea. [THH]; [41]
5 Adhatoda vasica Nees [0005/ASAB/NUST] Bekkar Acanthaceae Leaves High blood sugar [THH]; [59]
6 Adiantum capillus veneris L. [0006/ASAB/NUST] Sarhaj Adiantaceae Leaves Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [61]
7 Albizzia lebbek (L.) Benth [0007/ASAB/NUST] Shrin Mimosaceae Leaves Eye problems [THH]; [43]
8 Allium cepa L. [0008/ASAB/NUST] Piaz Liliaceae bulb High blood pressure, high blood sugar [THH]; [59]
9 Allium sativum L. [0009/ASAB/NUST] Thoom Liliaceae bulb Ear pain, hypertension, high blood sugar [THH]; [43]; [59]
10 Aloe vera L. [0010/ASAB/NUST] Knwar gandal Liliaceae Leaf sap, stem Abdominal pains, constipation, skin diseases, high blood sugar [THH]; [43]; [59]
11 Amaranthus viridis L. [0011/ASAB/NUST] Chaulai Amaranthaceae Leaves Menstrual disturbance, constipation [THH]; [41]; [57]
12 Anethum graveolense L. [0012/ASAB/NUST] Soye Apiaceae seeds Abdominal pain [THH]; [43]
13 Argyrolobium roseum (Comb) Jaub & Spach. [0013/ASAB/NUST] Makhni Papilionaceae Whole plant Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [61]
Booti
14 Artemisia scoparia Walds & Kit. [0014/ASAB/NUST] Done Jhan, pinche Asteraceae Whole plant Abdominal disorder, earache [41]
15 Atriplex spp. [0015/ASAB/NUST] Gerukh pari Chenopodiaceae Leaves, whole plant Fever, jaundice, slugishness, liver disease, joint pain [57]
16 Berberis lycium Royle. [0016/ASAB/NUST] Sumbul Berberidaceae Leaves Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [61]
17 Boerhaavia procumbens L. [0017/ASAB/NUST] Itsit Nyctaginaceae Whole plant Jaundice, liver diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, weakness [THH]; [41]; [61]
18 Bryophyllum pinnatum Kurz. [0018/ASAB/NUST] Zakhm-e-hayat Crassulaceae Leaves Wounds healing [THH]; [43]
19 Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. [0019/ASAB/NUST] Arar ke dal Papilionaceae seeds High blood sugar [THH]; [59]
20 Calotropis procera Alton. F. [0020/ASAB/NUST] Ak Asclepiadaceae Leaves, latex and flowers Snake bite, piles, leprosy, sexually transmitted diseases, asthma, joint pain [THH]; [43]; [44]
21 Cannabis sativa L. [0021/ASAB/NUST] Bhang Cannabinaceae Leaves, flowers Indigestion, sexually transmitted diseases, also used as sedative, narcotic and antidote against poison [THH]; [41; [57]
22 Caralluma edulis (L.) Benth ex Hook. f. [0022/ASAB/NUST] Choung Asclepidaceae aerial parts High blood sugar [59]
23 Carissa opaca Stapf. ex. Haines [0023/ASAB/NUST] Garanda Apocynaceae Leaves Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [61]
24 Carthamus oxycantha Bieb [0024/ASAB/NUST] Pohli Asteraceae seeds Oil is used against itching [THH]; [41]
25 Chenopodium album L. [0025/ASAB/NUST] Bathu Chenopodiaceae Whole plant Jaundice, urinary problems, antidote against snake bite [THH]; [41]; [57]
26 Cicer arietinum L. [0026/ASAB/NUST] Chinnay Papilionaceae seeds High blood sugar [59]
27 Cichorium intybus L. [0027/ASAB/NUST] Kasni Asteraceae Roots, whole plant High blood sugar, jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [42]; [59]; [61]
28 Citrullus colocynthus (L.) Schrad [0028/ASAB/NUST] Tumma Cucurbitaceae Fruit Abdominal diseases, constipation [THH]; [43]
29 Convolvulus arvensis L. [0029/ASAB/NUST] Laili, erlai Convolvulaceae Aerial parts Abdominal worms, used as deodorant, skin disorders [THH]; [41]; [43]; [57]
30 Cucumis sativus L. [0030/ASAB/NUST] Kheera Cucurbitaceae Fruit Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [61]
31 Cynodon dactylon L. [0031/ASAB/NUST] Khabal ghas Poaceae Stem, leaves Dysentery with fever [41]
32 Cyperus rotundas L. [0032/ASAB/NUST] Deela Cyperaceae Whole plant Indigestion, vomiting, diarrhea and vomiting, fever [41]
33 Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. [0033/ASAB/NUST] Tali Papilionaceae Leaves Dandruff [43]
34 Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq. [0034/ASAB/NUST] Sanatha Sapindaceae Leaves High blood sugar [59]
35 Eucalyptus cammaldulensis Dehn [0035/ASAB/NUST] Sufaida, Lachi Myrtaceae Leaves Flu [THH]; [43]
36 Euphorbia helioscopia L. [0036/ASAB/NUST] Chattri dodak Euphorbiaceae Leaves, root, latex Constipation, increases milk supply [THH]; [41]
37 Euphorbia royleana Boiss. [0037/ASAB/NUST] Danda thor Euphorbiaceae branch Ear pain [43]
38 Fagonia indica Burm. F. [0038/ASAB/NUST] Dhamian Zygophyllaceae Leaves and branches Gas trouble, skin problems, high blood sugar [THH]; [43]; [59]
39 Ficus bengalensis L. [0039/ASAB/NUST] Bohr Moraceae Leaves and branches latex High blood sugar [THH]; [59]
40 Foeniculum vulgare Mill. [0040/ASAB/NUST] Soonf Apiaceae inflorescence Eye-cataract, stomach disorders, indigestion [THH]; [43]
41 Fumaria indica (Husskn.) H.N. Pugsley [0041/ASAB/NUST] Shahtra papra Fumariaceae Whole plant Diarrhea, also used as blood purifier [THH]; [57]
42 Hordeum vulgare L. [0042/ASAB/NUST] Jo Poaceae seeds Kidney pain, high blood sugar; jaundice [42]; [43]; [59]; [61]
43 Ipomoea pentaphylla (L.) Jacq. [0043/ASAB/NUST] Kaan Kati Convolvulaceae Seeds Jaundice, intestinal pain and worms [THH]; [57]
44 Justacia adhatoda L. [0044/ASAB/NUST] Bahker Acanthaceae roots Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [61]
45 Kickxia ramosissima (Wall) Janchen [0045/ASAB/NUST] Khunger booti Scrophulariaceae Whole plant High blood sugar [59]
46 Lactuca serriola L. [0046/ASAB/NUST] Kahu Asteraceae Whole plant Stomach ache, cough, and asthma. [THH]; [41]
47 Malva parviflora Wall. [0047/ASAB/NUST] Sonchal Malvaceae Whole plant Cough, flue and fever [THH]; [57]
48 Melia azedarach L. [0048/ASAB/NUST] Dharek, bakain, Herak Meliaceae Leaves, fruits Piles, foot itching, high blood sugar, emotional disturbance, blood pressure [THH]; [43]; [44]; [59]
49 Momordica charantia L. [0049/ASAB/NUST] Karella Cucurbitaceae fruits High blood sugar [THH]; [59]
50 Morus alba L. [0050/ASAB/NUST] Shehtoot, Chitta toot Moraceae Leaves, fruits Cough, sore throat, jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [43]; [57]; [61]
51 Morus nigra L. [0051/ASAB/NUST] Kalla toot Moraceae Fruit Cough, sore throat, Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [42]; [61]
52 Myrsine africana L. [0052/ASAB/NUST] Khukan Myrsinaceae Leaves Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [61]
53 Ocimum album L. [0053/ASAB/NUST] Chitti Tulsi Lamiaceae Leaves High blood sugar [57]
54 Ocimum basilicum L. [0054/ASAB/NUST] Niazbo Lamiaceae Leaves Mouth sores [THH]; [43]
55 Ocimum sanctum L. [0055/ASAB/NUST] Tulsi Lamiaceae Leaves High blood sugar [59]
56 Oxalis corniculata L. [0056/ASAB/NUST] Gandora, khati booti Oxalidaceae Leaves, seeds Jaundice, liver diseases, stomach disorder [43]; [57]; [61]
57 Parthenium hysterophorus L. [0057/ASAB/NUST] Chatak chandni Asteraceae Whole plant Severe diarrhea. [57]
58 Peganum heramala L. [0058/ASAB/NUST] Hermal Zygophyllaceae Seeds and whole plant Abdominal pain, also Smoke has insecticidal properties [THH]; [43]
59 Phyllanthus emblica L. [0059/ASAB/NUST] Aamla Euphorbiaceae fruits Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [61]
60 Plantago lanceolatum L. [0060/ASAB/NUST] Ispaghol Plantaginaceae Seed husk Gas trouble, indigestion, stomach problems [THH]; [43]
61 Plantago ovata Forssk. [0061/ASAB/NUST] Bhatti Plantaginaceae Fruit, Seed husk Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [42]; [61]
62 Pongamia pinnata (L.) Merril [0062/ASAB/NUST] Sukh chain Papilionaceae Leaves, seeds, root Skin problems and stomachache [41]
63 Praecitrullus fistulosus (Stocks.) Pangalo. [0063/ASAB/NUST] Teenda Cucurbitaceae leaves Blood pressure [43]
64 Psidium guajava L. [0064/ASAB/NUST] Amrood Myrtaceae leaves High blood pressure, high blood sugar, constipation [THH]; [43]; [59]
65 Punica granatum L. [0065/ASAB/NUST] Anar Punicaceae Fruit Diarrhea, anemia [THH]; [43]
66 Raphanus sativus L. [0066/ASAB/NUST] Mooli Brassicaceae Root Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [61]
67 Rhazya stricta Decne. [0067/ASAB/NUST] Vena, venra, Verian Apocynaceae Leaves and branches Tooth ache, acne [43]
68 Ricinus communis L. [0068/ASAB/NUST] Arind Euphorbiaceae Leaves, oil Wound healing, constipation, joints swelling and pain. [THH]; [43]; [57]
69 Rosa indica L. [0069/ASAB/NUST] Gulab Rosaceae petals Eye burning, constipation, abdominal pain. [THH]
70 Rumex hastatus D. Don, Prodr. [0070/ASAB/NUST] Khatimal Polygonaceae Leaves Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [61]
71 Silybum marianum L. Gaertn [0071/ASAB/NUST] Ount Katara, kandiali Asteraceae Leaves, seeds Liver diseases, stomach diseases [61]; [62]
72 Sisymbrium irio L. [0072/ASAB/NUST] Khoob Kalan, Jangli sarson Brassicaceae Leaves, seeds Throat, chest infection and swelling [THH]; [41]; [57]
73 Solanum nigrum L. [0073/ASAB/NUST] Kachmach Solanaceae Leaves and branches Abdominal pain, stomachache, high blood sugar, burnt skin and wounds [THH]; [43]; [59]; [60]
74 Solanum surratense Burm. F. [0074/ASAB/NUST] Kandiari/Muhakri Solanaceae Fruits, flowers Abdomen pain, gas trouble, chronic coughs and pain [THH]; [43]; [57];
75 Sonchus arvensis L. [0075/ASAB/NUST] Dodak Asterceae Whole plant Jaundice, cough, chest stiffness, asthma [41]
76 Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeets. [0076/ASAB/NUST] Jaman Myrtaceae Seeds High blood sugar [THH]; [43]
77 Tagetes petala L. [0077/ASAB/NUST] Satbarga Asteraceae Leaves Ear pain [43]
78 Tamarindus indica L. [0078/ASAB/NUST] Imli Caesalpinaceae Fruit, Roots Jaundice and liver diseases [THH]; [61]
79 Taraxacum officinale Weber [0079/ASAB/NUST] Doddak, Hand Asteraceae Leaves, Rhizome High blood sugar, jaundice [THH]; [59]; [61]
80 Trachyspermum copticum L. [0080/ASAB/NUST] Ajwain Apiaceae Seeds Gas trouble, stomach upset [THH]; [43]
81 Tribulus terristris L. [0081/ASAB/NUST] Bhakra Zygophyllaceae Whole plant, leaves Joint, muscle pain, urinary disorders, impotency [THH]; [57]; [61]
82 Trigonella foenum-graecum L. [0082/ASAB/NUST] Methri Papilionaceae seeds High blood sugar [THH]; [59]
83 Tylophora hirsuta L. [0083/ASAB/NUST] Glow Asclepiadaceae branches High blood sugar [59]
84 Vigna mungo (Burm. f.) Walp. [0084/ASAB/NUST] Mung Papilionaceae seeds High blood sugar [59]
85 Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal [0085/ASAB/NUST] Aksun, asgand Solanaceae leaves Cure joint, muscle pain, uterine diseases, used as sexual stimulant. [THH]; [43]; [57]
86 Zizyphus nummularia (Burm. F) Wight and Arn. [0086/ASAB/NUST] Beri Rhamnaceae Leaves, fruits Hair roughness, high blood sugar, wound healing [THH]; [43]; [57]; [59]