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Table 2 Plant taxa used in ethnoveterinary medicine of the selected villages

From: Ethnoveterinary practices of Covasna County, Transylvania, Romania

Used plants and voucher code Family Local name Medicinal use Status * Number of citations
Achillea millefolium L. (EV-03) Asteraceae cickafarok, cickafarkkóró, pulykafű, egérfarkú virág, egérfarkúfű, egérfarkúfűvirág herb as a tea for rumination [cattle] W 3
Allium sativum L. (EV-22) Amaryllidaceae fokhagyma bulb for anthelmintics [pig] C 76
Aristolochia clematitis L. (EV-23) Aristolochiaceae farkasalma leaf for wounds and skin injuries [cattle, horse, pig, sheep] W 54
Armoracia rusticana G. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Schreb. (EV-11) Brassicaceae torma root for respiratory disorders [horse] C 71
Artemisia absinthium L. (EV-13) Asteraceae üröm, fehér üröm herb for stomach heat, inflammation, and ache [cattle] W 4
for diarrhea [cattle, horse] 5
Calendula officinalis L. (EV-12) Asteraceae sárgavirág flower as a cream for inflamed udder and mastitis [cattle] C 4
Cucurbita pepo L. (EV-21) Cucurbitaceae tök ground seed and seed oil for rumination [cattle] C 3
for anthelmintics [pig] 2
Daucus carota L. subsp. sativus Hoffm. (EV-04) Apiaceae murok root for anthelmintics [horse] C 4
Eryngium planum L. (EV-17) Apiaceae kék tilinkó, szamárcsipke, bojtorján herb for inflamed udder and mastitis [cattle, horse] W 7
Euphorbia amygdaloides L. (EV-01) Euphorbiaceae árió herb for wounds and skin injuries [horse, pig] W 6
Gentiana asclepiadea L. (EV-15) Gentianaceae gyertyagyökerű, gyertyagyükerű, sárgagyökér root as a tea for stomach heat, inflammation, and ache [cattle] W 4
Juglans regia L. (EV-16) Juglandaceae dió leaf against flies as a rub [horse] C 47
Juniperus communis L. (EV-14) Cupressaceae borsika pseudofruit for respiratory disorders [horse] W 6
Matricaria chamomilla L. (EV-10) Asteraceae kamillavirág flower as a tea and wash for inflamed udder and mastitis [cattle] W 11
Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Fuss (EV-09) Apiaceae ződ peterzselyem leaf for rumination and after delivery [cattle] C 9
for diuretics [horse] 5
Plantago lanceolata L. (EV-25) Plantaginaceae kígyónyelvűfű hegyesútilapi, kígyónyelvű útifű, keskeny útifű lándzsás/keskeny útilapi leaf for stomach heat, inflammation, and ache [cattle] W 12
Polygonum minus Huds. (EV-02) Polygonaceae árió, veresszárúfű herb as a washing for wounds and skin injuries [cattle, horse] W 11
Potentilla anserina L. (EV-05) Rosaceae pipefű, lúdlábfű, lúdfű leaf for diarrhea [cattle, horse, pig, sheep] W 71
Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl. (EV-19) Fagaceae cserefa, cseremakk, cserháncs nut for anthelmintics [pig, cattle] W 4
young bark as a tea for diarrhea [pig] 5
Quercus robur L. (EV-20) Fagaceae cserefa, cseremakk, cserháncs nut for anthelmintics [pig, cattle] W 4
young bark as a tea for diarrhea [pig] 5
Rumex acetosella L. (EV-07) Polygonaceae lósósdi, lósóska fruit for diarrhea [cattle, horse, pig, sheep] W 75
Rumex obtusifolius L. (EV-06) Polygonaceae lósósdi, lósóska fruit for diarrhea [cattle, horse, pig, sheep] W 75
Salix alba L. (EV-24) Salicaceae fűzfa leaf as fodder for stomach heat, ache, inflammation, and rumination, leafy branches and bark for rumination [cattle] W 24
Secale cereale L. (EV-26) Poaceae rozs fruit for anthelmintics [horse] C 4
Symphytum officinale L. (EV-18) Boraginaceae fekete nadály, nadály, forrasztófű root with bran for rumination [cattle] W 5
Veratrum album L. (EV-08) Melanthiaceae ászpa, (fehér)zászpa ground root as a rub against lice [horse] W 5
  1. * Status: W = growing in wild habitat; C = cultivated in gardens.